United Kingdom

United Kingdom

Akụkọ ahụ kwuru ka okwu United Kingdom, Great Britain na England si dị iche, yana ihe obodo ndị ọzọ nwere nke ọchịchị eze Britain.

Kedu nke ziri ezi: United Kingdom, Great Britain ma ọ bụ England?

Ị chetụla ihe kpatara na a na-akpọkarị ndị Britain dị ka British, profaịlụ Elizabeth II ka e dekwasịrị na akwụkwọ ego Canada, na ọkọlọtọ United Kingdom na-efegharị n'obere Gibraltar, nke dị na ndịda Spain? Anyị gbalịrị ịza ajụjụ ndị a na ajụjụ ndị ọzọ n’isiokwu ahụ.

Ajụjụ a bụ ala

Steeti nke United Kingdom (United Kingdom, UK) dị n'agwaetiti abụọ kachasị ukwuu - Great Britain (Great Britain) na Ireland (Ireland).

Great Britain bụ isi okwu ala nke na-akọwa nke kachasị na British Islands (British Islands). Ireland bụ agwaetiti nke Northern Ireland dị, nke bụ akụkụ nke United Kingdom, yana steeti Ireland nweere onwe ya (Irland ma ọ bụ Republic of Ireland). Na mgbakwunye, United Kingdom gụnyere Isle of Wight, Isles of Scilly, Lundy, Isle of Anglesey, Hebrides, Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands (Agwaetiti Orkney na Agwaetiti Clyde.

Anyị na-akpọ gị òkù ka ị lelee vidiyo a na-ahụ anya. Biko mara na na njedebe nke vidiyo ahụ, onye na-eweta ya kwuru na United Kingdom bụ akụkụ nke European Union, mana na Jenụwarị 2020 mba ahụ wepụrụ na ya. Ọzọkwa, onye dere vidiyo a na-akpọ Isle of Man, nke dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri Great Britain, akụkụ nke United Kingdom. Otú ọ dị, ebe a, o mehiere, n'ihi na àgwàetiti a abụghị akụkụ nke mba ahụ.

Okwu/Akaraokwu Ntụgharị asụsụ
a ga-achọta ka ọ dị
ịgụnye gụnyere
a ga-agba ya gburugburu gbaa ya gburugburu
oke osimiri oke osimiri
nchebe nchebe
onye ndoro-ndoro ochichi onye iro
mwekota ịdị n'otu n'ime otu
ala di ala ala ala, ogbe di ala
kol kol
nkwụnye ego ígwè nkwụnye ego ígwè
ahia zuru ụwa ọnụ ahịa ụwa

Ajụjụ bụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị

United KingdomUnited Kingdom bụ aha mkpọbiri, aha zuru oke bụ United Kingdom of Great Britain na Northern Ireland. Ọ mejupụtara mba anọ: England (England), Scotland (Scotland), Wales (Wales) na Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland). Atọ mbụ dị n'àgwàetiti Great Britain: England - n'etiti, n'ebe ugwu - Scotland, n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ - Wales. Northern Ireland dị n'agwaetiti Ireland, n'akụkụ obodo nwere onwe nke Republic of Ireland.

Ọtụtụ mgbe United Kingdom, nke na-egosi ọchịchị obodo anọ nwere onwe ha, ka a na-akpọ England, nke ezighi ezi. England bụ akụkụ nchịkwa na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị kasị ukwuu na nke ndị mmadụ bi na ya, nke isi obodo United Kingdom dị - London. Rịba ama na isi obodo Scotland bụ Edinburgh, Wales bụ Cardiff, na Northern Ireland bụ Belfast. Mba nke ọ bụla mejupụtara United Kingdom nwere ụlọ omeiwu nke ya, nke nwere ike imetụta nnabata nke iwu Bekee.

Ọkọlọtọ nke oge a nke United Kingdom, nke a na-akpọ Union Jack, na-anọchi anya njikọ nke England (obe uhie sara mbara), Scotland (obe oblique na-acha ọcha) na Ireland (obe diagonal uhie). Ị chọpụtara na n'ime akara ndị edepụtara na enweghị akara maka Wales? Ya mere, ndị Welsh enweghị afọ ojuju na ọkọlọtọ nke United Kingdom adịghị egosi dragọn uhie - akara mba Wales.

ọkọlọtọ

Lelee vidiyo ka onye ọbịa na-abanye n'ime nkọwa gbasara akara mba nke akụkụ ọ bụla nke United Kingdom.

Okwu/Akaraokwu Ntụgharị asụsụ
otu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị otu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị
iji gosi gosi
n'ebe ugwu n'ebe ugwu
ọdịda anyanwụ ọdịda anyanwụ
ọwụwa anyanwụ East
obe obe
ogwugwu ogwu ogwu ogwu
a shamrock shamrock
ọdọ mmiri liik
na daffodil edo edo daffodil
onu ogugu mmadu onu ogugu mmadu
ịmata ikweta

A na-akpọ ndị niile bi na United Kingdom British (British), mana ụmụ amaala n'onwe ha na-ahọrọ ọdịiche doro anya: na England na-ebi Bekee (Bekee), na Scotland - Scots (Scottish ma ọ bụ Scots), na Wales - Welsh (ndị Welsh), na Northern Ireland - Northern Irish (nwere ike ịkọwa onwe ha dị ka Northern Irish, Irish). N'agbanyeghị nke a, ndị niile bi na United Kingdom na-enweta paspọtụ nke ụmụ amaala nke otu obodo.

A na-asụ Bekee na United Kingdom dum, ma na Wales na akụkụ nke England ị nwere ike ịnụ Welsh, na Scotland na ọtụtụ mpaghara Northern Ireland ị nwere ike ịnụ Scots (Gaelic dịkwa na ugwu Scotland), na Northern Ireland ị nwere ike ịnụ. nụ Irish.

Ndị bi na mba ahụ na-ejikọta otu asụsụ, ma n'akụkụ nke ọ bụla, ị nwere ike ịnụ ụda olu gị. Ka anyị lee vidiyo nke onye na-eweta ya na-atụnyere ụda olu Britain kpochapụwo, njirimara nke England, na ụda Glaswegian, nke a na-ahụkarị n'obodo Glasgow (Scotland).

Na mgbakwunye, enwere ọdịiche dị n'okwu nke ndị bi na mpaghara dị iche iche nke United Kingdom - okwu dị iche iche maka ịkọwa otu ihe ahụ.

Na mba nke ọ bụla mejupụtara United Kingdom, e nwekwara slang, nke ndị na-eme ihe nkiri a ma ama kwuru na ọwa YouTube Vanity Fair.

Enwere echiche na ndị Scots, Welsh na Northern Irish adịghị amasị ndị Britain, na-ewere ha dị ka ndị na-achị isi na ndị mpako. N'aka nke ọzọ, ndị Britain kwenyere na ndị agbata obi ha bụ ógbè na-enweghị isi. Na United Kingdom, oge ụfọdụ a na-enwe mmegharị maka nnwere onwe nke otu akụkụ ma ọ bụ akụkụ ọzọ nke mba ahụ.

N'otu n'ime ihe ngosi nke oge nke atọ nke usoro The Crown ("Crown"), iro nke Welsh na ndị Britain gosipụtara na ihe atụ nke ihe omume sitere na ndụ Prince Charles, ọkpara Elizabeth II na onye ga-anọchi ocheeze Britain. Na 1952 e nyere ya aha nke Prince of Wales. N'ọgwụgwụ 60s, mmegharị mba na-akawanye njọ na Wales, ya mere gọọmentị tụrụ aro ka ndị ọchịchị mee emume dị egwu nke nwere ike ịchịkọta ndị eze ukwu ma mee ka ọnọdụ ndị na-eme ngagharị iwe kwụsị. Ememe ntinye ego, nke eze nwanyị tinyere okpueze n'isi Charles, mere na 1969 na Wales. Onye isi ahụ na-akwadebe maka ihe omume a ruo ọtụtụ ọnwa: ọ mụtara akụkọ ihe mere eme na omenala Wales, yana asụsụ Welsh iji mee okwu n'asụsụ abụọ. Lelee vidiyo sitere na Netflix, nke onye ngosi na-akọwa,

Okwu/Akaraokwu Ntụgharị asụsụ
a okwu semester
ịkpali gaa n'ihu
mmetụta ịhụnanya mgbakwunye
tupu ihe mbụ
onye nketa onye nketa
ịnọ na nsogbu banye nsogbu
imebi tọhapụrụ
n'ihe banyere na-eburu n'uche
asụsụ obodo asụsụ obodo
na-akpachapụ anya kwusi
ka anụ ọhịa jiri
iji gbadaa a agwọ nye obi ụtọ / ọṅụ
onye bu ụzọ onye bu uzo
nwere ike ikwu amata, kwere nghọta
ibuga ibuga ihe pụtara
itupu ngwa agha igbapu ngwa agha
ọmịiko ọmịiko, ọmịiko
igbawa igbawa
enweghị ntụpọ enweghị ịta ụta
ntinye aka ntinye aka
owuwe na-anụ ọkụ n'obi

Commonwealth of Nations, Crown Land na British Overseas Territories

Alaeze Ukwu Britain, nke dịgidere ruo 1997, kpuchiri otu ụzọ n'ụzọ anọ nke mbara ala. Ọtụtụ n'ime ógbè ya nwetara nnwere onwe ọ bụghị site n'ịkwafu ọbara obi ọjọọ, kama site na nkwekọrịta ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị. Ndị a na-achị banye n'ime nkwekọrịta na alaeze ukwu, dịka nke ha ghọtara na eze Britain dị ka onye isi obodo ha, ma nwetaghachi ikike ịmepụta nzuko omeiwu nke ha. Mba ndị a gụnyere Canada (Canada), Australia (Australia), Papua New Guinea (Papua New Guinea), New Zealand (New Zealand), Jamaica (Jamaica), Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands), Belize (Belize), Bahamas (The Bahamas). ), Barbados (Barbados), Saint Lucia (Saint Lucia), Saint Vincent na Grenadines (Saint Vincent na Grenadines), Grenada (Grenada), Antigua na Barbuda (Antigua na Barbuda), Saint Kitts na Nevis (Federation of Saint Kitts na Nevis), Tuvalu. Ha niile nwere aha nkịtị - Alaeze nke Commonwealth (Commonwealth realms). N'agbanyeghị na obodo ọ bụla n'ime obodo ndị a na-amata eze Britain dịka onye isi, n'ezie ha bụ obodo nwere onwe ha nke United Kingdom enweghị ike.

Ihe ndabere nke Crown gụnyere Isle of Man, Jersey na Guernsey, nke dị nso n'agwaetiti Great Britain na Ireland. Ha enwetabeghị nnwere onwe, n'agbanyeghị na ha nwere ikike dị ukwuu. United Kingdom na-ejigide ikike ịkwatu iwu ndị ụlọ omeiwu obodo mere, ndị bi na mpaghara ndị a na-enwetakwa nwa amaala Britain mgbe a mụrụ ya.

Òtù ikpeazụ nke ihe onwunwe Britain gụnyere British Overseas Territories - mkpọmkpọ ebe nke Alaeze Ukwu Britain, nke na-anọgide na-achị (Crown colonies). N'adịghị ka mba Commonwealth, ha aghọghị obodo nweere onwe ha ma ka na-adabere na United Kingdom maka okwu akụ na ụba na ọbụna agha. Dịka ndị bi na ala Crown, ụmụ amaala nke British Overseas Territories bụ ndị ọchịchị United Kingdom.

Mpaghara mba ofesi gụnyere mba ndị a: Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Turks na Caicos Islands, Gibraltar, Virgin Islands, Akrotiri na Dhekelia, Anguilla, Saint Helena, Ascension Island, Tristan da Cunha, Montserrat, British Indian Ocean Territory, South Georgia na South Agwaetiti Sandwich, Agwaetiti Falkland, Mpaghara Antarctic nke Britain na Agwaetiti Pitcairn.

Kirie ihe onyonyo a ka ị hụ ọmarịcha obodo ndị ahụ ka nwere na United Kingdom.

Okwu/Akaraokwu Ntụgharị asụsụ
ga-agbasasị gbasasịa
imebi gbawara
mkpọtụ mkpọtụ
echedoro echedoro
onu ogugu ókè-ala
bi ndị mmadụ bi
ịzụlite mụbaa
ibili gbasaa
akwu akwu
nwa nwa ụmụ
iji lie lie
akụ akụ

Ị chọrọ ka gị na ndị mba ọzọ na-ekwurịta okwu n'enweghị nsogbu ma mụta banyere omenala ha na mbụ? Wee debanye aha maka nkuzi Bekee na ndị na-asụ obodo.

chịkọta:

United Kingdom (United Kingdom) - obodo na-ejikọta England, Scotland, Wales na Northern Ireland
Commonwealth of Nations (Commonwealth realms) - mba ndị nwere onwe ha n'aka Alaeze Ukwu Britain n'ihi nkwekọrịta diplomatic
England (England) - akụkụ nke United Kingdom.
Ókèala mba ofesi (British Overseas Territories bụ steeti ndị ka na-achị United Kingdom.

Anyị na-atụ anya na ugbu a, ị ghọtara ụdị okwu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na obodo Britain dị iche iche.

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Ndabere nke Crown bụ agwaetiti atọ kwụụrụ onwe ya mana ọ dabere na United Kingdom
Great Britain bụ agwaetiti nke England, Wales na Scotland dị na ya, nke bụ akụkụ nke United Kingdom.

United Kingdom bụ United Kingdom nke Great Britain na Northern Ireland, nke a na-akpọkarị Great Britain ma ọ bụ Britain. South Caucasus bụ obodo mepere emepe na Western Europe. Gburugburu ụsọ ugwu ọdịda anyanwụ nke kọntinent kọntinent ahụ, ọ gụnyere agwaetiti Great Britain, akụkụ ugwu ọwụwa anyanwụ nke Ireland na ọtụtụ agwaetiti pere mpe. N'asụsụ bekee, a na-egosipụta aha steeti ahụ ka United Kingdom (United Kingdom), ma nwee mbiri UK ama ama.

United Kingdom obodo

Northern Ireland bụ naanị akụkụ nke United Kingdom nwere oke ala na steeti ọzọ nwere oke, Republic of Ireland. N'otu akụkụ ọdịda anyanwụ, Great Britain gbara ya gburugburu site na Atlantic Ocean, North Sea n'akụkụ ọwụwa anyanwụ, ọwa Bekee dị na ndịda yana Oké Osimiri Irish na ndịda ọdịda anyanwụ. Ihe a niile bụ otu n'ime oke osimiri kacha ogologo n'ụwa. Site na mpaghara nke square kilomita 242,500, UK nọ n'ọnọdụ 78 n'ihe gbasara nha.

Ntụgharị asụsụ United Kingdom na-ada n'ụzọ nkịtị ka United Kingdom. Steeti ahụ bụ ọchịchị eze nke nwere ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya. Onye eze bụ Queen Elizabeth II, onye chịrị kemgbe 1952, ogologo oge a na-emepụta ndekọ ụwa. Isi obodo United Kingdom na n'otu oge ahụ obodo kachasị ukwuu bụ London, nke bụ ebe ego nwere ọnụ ọgụgụ mmadụ nde 10.3. Mpaghara ndị ọzọ bụ isi mepere emepe gụnyere obodo Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow na Liverpool.

Olee otú e si malite alaeze ahụ?

Ya mere, United Kingdom bụ steeti nwere mba anọ: England, Scotland, Wales na Northern Ireland. Onye ọ bụla n'ime ha, ewezuga England, bụ nnwere onwe ma nwee ebe nlekọta nke ya dị na Edinburgh, Cardiff na Belfast.

Tupu e kee Great Britain, England meriri Wales wee weghara ya. Nke a pụtara na United Kingdom, nke e kere na 1707 site na Union of England na Scotland, kpuchiri Great Britain niile. Ala eze Ireland jikọtara ya na steeti ahụ na 1801 wee guzobe United Kingdom nke Great Britain na Ireland. Akụkụ nke Ireland kewapụrụ na 1922, na-eme ka okwu ọgbara ọhụrụ nke ịdị n'otu dị ka "Great Britain na Northern Ireland".

ego United Kingdom

N'afọ ndị 1920, Great Britain kpuchiri ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ otu ụzọ n'ụzọ anọ nke ala ụwa. N'oge ahụ, United Kingdom bụ alaeze kachasị ukwuu n'akụkọ ihe mere eme. Enwere ike ịhụ mmetụta ndị Britain n'asụsụ, omenala na usoro iwu nke ọtụtụ ndị na-achịbu.

Gịnị ka a na-ahụ taa?

UK bụ obodo mepere emepe na ọkwa dị ka akụ na ụba mba ụwa nke ise site n'ọnụ GDP na nke itoolu site n'ịzụta ikike ikike. Obodo a nwere nnukwu ego ma nwee ntụzịaka mmepe mmadụ "dị oke elu", ọkwa nke iri na isii n'ụwa.

Ọ bụ mba mbụ mepere emepe na ike a ma ama n'ụwa na narị afọ nke 19 na mmalite narị afọ nke 20. Great Britain ka bụ steeti siri ike nwere mmetụta akụ na ụba, omenala, agha, sayensị na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ọkwa mba ụwa.

Ọchịchị UK (United Kingdom)

Ọ bụ obodo a ma ama na ngwa agha nuklia ma bụrụkwa nke isii na mmefu agha n'ụwa. Mba ahụ abụrụla onye otu na-adịgide adịgide na Council Security United Nations kemgbe nnọkọ mbụ ya na 1946. UK bụkwa mba ndị isi na European Union (EU) na onye bu ya ụzọ, European Economic Community (EEC), kemgbe 1973. Agbanyeghị, ntuli aka nke 2016 mere ka 51.9% nke ndị ntuli aka UK kwadoro ịhapụ EU.

United Kingdom sụgharịa ka ọ bụrụ Russian

Mba United Kingdom bụkwa onye so na Commonwealth of Nations, Council of Europe, G7, G20, NATO, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol na World Trade Organisation (WTO).

Akụkọ n'uju

Na 1707, e debanyere aha Act of Union, nke kwuru na e jikọrọ England na Scotland n'otu alaeze nke aha ya bụ Great Britain. Okwu ahụ bụ "United Kingdom" (na Bekee United Kingdom) pụtara n'iji ya eme ihe na narị afọ nke 18 dum. Na eze, steeti site na 1707 ruo 1800 bụ naanị Great Britain, na-enweghị "ụdị ogologo".

Iwu nke Union ọzọ, bịanyere aka na 1800, jikọrọ Great Britain na Ireland (na 1801), na-etolite United Kingdom nke Great Britain na Ireland. Mgbe nkewa nke Ireland na nnwere onwe nke steeti na 1922, ọ bụ naanị akụkụ ugwu nke agwaetiti ahụ fọdụrụ na South Caucasus. Mgbe ahụ, a gbanwere aha ọchịchị eze ọzọ. A nabatara aha United Kingdom of Great Britain na Northern Ireland.

Obodo n'ime obodo

N'agbanyeghị na United Kingdom bụ mba nweere onwe ya, a na-ewere mpaghara mpaghara ya (ewezuga England) dị ka mpaghara nwere onwe. Scotland, Wales na Northern Ireland bụ ndị na-achị onwe ha (onwe ha). Webụsaịtị gọọmentị nke Prime Minister nke Britain jiri nkebi ahịrịokwu ahụ “mba dị n'ime obodo” kọwaa United Kingdom ugboro ugboro.

london United Kingdom

Usoro na akara ngosi

A na-ejikarị okwu Britain eme ihe dị ka otu okwu maka United Kingdom (asụgharị n'asụsụ Russian dị ka United Kingdom). Agbanyeghị, aha a (dị ka Great Britain) na-ezo aka na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị England, Scotland na Wales mkpokọta, ewezuga Northern Ireland.

N'ọgbọ mba ụwa, aha GB na GBR bụ koodu ọkọlọtọ ejiri maka obodo niile dị na United Kingdom. Na mgbakwunye, otu egwuregwu Olympic nke mba ahụ na-eme ihe n'aha Team GB. Ọkọlọtọ nke United Kingdom bụkwa otu maka ọchịchị eze dum.

njirimara

A na-ejikarị okwu “British” na-ezo aka n'ihe metụtara United Kingdom. Okwu ahụ enweghị nkọwa gbasara iwu, mana ejiri ya na iwu na-ezo aka na nwa amaala UK yana ihe metụtara ya.

Ndị United Kingdom na-eji okwu dị iche iche kọwaa njirimara obodo ha. Ha nwere ike mata dị ka onye Britain ma ọ bụ Bekee, Scotland, Welsh ma ọ bụ Irish.

isi obodo United Kingdom

Na Welsh, aha steeti ahụ na-ada ka Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon, ebe a na-eji okwu abụọ mbụ mee ihe dị ka ndebiri aha na webụsaịtị gọọmentị. Agbanyeghị, a na-akpọkarị ya DU n'ihe eji eme ya. Na Scottish Gaelic ụdị ogologo bụ Rìoghachd Aonaichte Bhreatainn, ụdị dị mkpụmkpụ bụ okwu abụọ mbụ.

Ọkọlọtọ mba nke alaeze ahụ nwere mpaghara na-acha anụnụ anụnụ nke nwere obe na-acha uhie uhie atọ na-agbakọ ọnụ na akara ọcha, nke na-egosipụta njikọ nke mpaghara dị iche iche n'okpuru ọchịchị alaeze ukwu ahụ. Ubi na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-anọchi anya oke osimiri, obe na-acha uhie uhie kwụ ọtọ bụ akara England, ọcha na-acha ọcha bụ Scotland, uhie na-acha uhie uhie bụ Northern Ireland.

Nkewa nchịkwa

Obodo ọ bụla dị na United Kingdom nwere nhazi ọchịchị ime obodo nke ya. Nke a pụtara na enweghị usoro nhazi ma ọ bụ nkesa mpaghara ekwenyela na SC. Tupu narị afọ nke 19, enwere mgbanwe ole na ole na nhazi ndị a, mana enwere mgbanwe ugbu a na mpaghara a.

England

Nhazi nke ọchịchị obodo na England dị mgbagwoju anya, na nkesa ọrụ na-adabere na nkwekọrịta mpaghara. Nkewa dị elu nke England bụ mpaghara itoolu ejiri ugbu a maka ebumnuche ndekọ ọnụ. Enyerela otu mpaghara ikike ọgbakọ na onye isi obodo ahọpụtara ozugbo kemgbe 2000, ya bụ mgbe nkwado ọha na eze kwadoro atụmatụ a na referendum (Greater London). United Kingdom na mpaghara ndị ọzọ nwere ọnọdụ dị iche kpamkpam. E bu n’obi na a ga-enyekwa mpaghara ndị fọdụrụ n’ọgbakọ nke ha, mana ntụliaka n’afọ 2004 jụrụ echiche a. N'okpuru ọkwa mpaghara, ókèala England nwere kansụl mpaghara na mpaghara. A na-ahọpụta ndị otu kansụl ndị a dịka ụkpụrụ ụfọdụ siri dị.

Scotland

N'ihe gbasara ọchịchị ime obodo, Scotland na-ekewa n'ime mpaghara kansụl 32, nwere nnukwu ọdịiche na nha na ọnụ ọgụgụ mmadụ. Obodo Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen na Dundee bụ mpaghara dị iche iche nke Kansụl, dịkwa ka Highland Council, nke nwere otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ nke Scotland (na ihe karịrị mmadụ 200,000 nọ na ya). Ndị kansụl ime obodo bụ ndị a họpụtara ahọpụta bụ ndị a na-akwụ ụgwọ ọnwa.

United Kingdom nyefe

A na-eme ntuli aka site na otu votu nwere ike ibufe n'ime ụlọ ọtụtụ ndị na-ahọpụta ndị otu kansụl atọ ma ọ bụ anọ. Kansụl ọ bụla na-ahọpụta otu ndị otu ga-achịkọta ọgbakọ, bụ ndị na-arụ ọrụ dị ka onye isi maka mpaghara ahụ.

Wales

Gọọmentị ime obodo na Wales nwere ndị ọchịchị otu iri abụọ na abụọ. Ndị a gụnyere obodo Cardiff, Swansea na Newport, bụ ndị nwere onwe ha. A na-eme ntuli aka kwa afọ anọ.

Northern Ireland

Ahaziri ọchịchị ime obodo na Northern Ireland kemgbe 1973 ka ọ bụrụ kansụl district iri abụọ na isii, nke ọ bụla ahọpụtara site na otu votu. Iwu ha bụ naanị na ọrụ dịka ịchịkọta mkpofu, nlekọta nkịta, na idobe ogige ntụrụndụ na ebe a na-eli ozu. N'afọ 2008, ndị isi ụlọ ọrụ kwetara na atụmatụ ịmepụta kansụl ọhụrụ 11 ma dochie usoro dị ugbu a.

Economy nke United Kingdom

Bank of England bụ ụlọ akụ etiti nke United Kingdom. Nke a bụ usoro akụ na ụba nke ọtụtụ ụlọ akụ etiti ọgbara ọhụrụ dị n'ụwa dabere na ya.

UK nwere usoro akụ na ụba ahịa na-achịkwa akụkụ ụfọdụ. Dabere na ọnụego mgbanwe ahịa, steeti bụ taa bụ akụ na ụba nke ise kachasị ukwuu n'ụwa, nke abụọ na Europe na-esote Germany. Ụlọ akụ nke obodo, nke onyeisi oche, na-ahụ maka mmepe na mmejuputa iwu obodo na ngalaba nke ego na akụ na ụba.

Bank of England na-ahụ maka ịnye akwụkwọ ego na mkpụrụ ego n'ime ego mba United Kingdom, pound sterling. Ụlọ akụ dị na Scotland na Northern Ireland nwere ikike inye akwụkwọ ego nke ha.

Pound sterling bụ ego nchekwa nke atọ kachasị ukwuu n'ụwa (mgbe dollar US na euro gachara). Kemgbe 1997, Kọmitii Amụma Ego nke Bank of England, nke Gọvanọ na-achị, bụ onye na-ahụ maka ịtọ ọnụego ọmụrụ nwa n'ogo dị mkpa iji nweta ebumnobi mmụba n'ozuzu maka akụ na ụba nke Chancellor setịpụrụ kwa afọ.

Ngalaba ọrụ UK bụ ihe dịka 79% nke GDP. London bụ otu n'ime "ụlọ ọrụ iwu" atọ nke akụ na ụba ụwa (yana New York na Tokyo, ọ bụ ụlọ ọrụ ego kachasị ukwuu n'ụwa (ya na New York), nwere GDP obodo mepere emepe na Europe.

United Kingdom

Njem nlegharị anya dị oke mkpa maka akụ na ụba Britain. United Kingdom nọ n'ọkwa nke isii n'ụwa n'ihe gbasara njem nlegharị anya, ọtụtụ ndị njem na-enwekwa mmasị ịga London.

Ka akụ na ụba obodo si zụlite

Mgbanwe nke ụlọ ọrụ malitere na Great Britain site na mmepe ngwa ngwa nke ụlọ ọrụ akwa, ụlọ ọrụ ndị ọzọ na-esote (nke bụ iwu ụgbọ mmiri, ngwuputa coal na mmepụta ígwè).

Ndị ahịa Britain, ndị na-ebu ụgbọ mmiri na ndị na-akụ akụ nwere nnukwu uru ma e jiri ya tụnyere ndị nnọchianya nke mba ndị ọzọ. Nke a nyere Great Britain ohere ịchịkwa azụmahịa mba ụwa na narị afọ nke 19. Dị ka mba ndị ọzọ mepere emepe, yana ndakpọ akụ na ụba nke sochiri agha ụwa abụọ ahụ, United Kingdom malitere ịla n'iyi nke asọmpi ya na ụlọ ọrụ dị arọ ji nke nta nke nta daa n'ime narị afọ nke 20 dum. Nrụpụta ka bụ akụkụ dị ịrịba ama nke akụ na ụba, mana na 2003 ọ bụ naanị 16.7% nke ngụkọta mba.

Ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọ ala taa bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke ngalaba nrụpụta UK. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, steeti bụ isi ebe maka mmepụta nke engines.

Ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọelu UK bụ nke abụọ ma ọ bụ nke atọ kasị ukwuu n'ụwa, dabere na usoro nha, na-atụgharị kwa afọ nke ihe dịka £ 30bn. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, a na-emepụta nku maka Airbus A380 na A350 XWB na ụlọ ọrụ Broughton a ma ama na Airbus UK. N'otu oge ahụ, ihe karịrị otu ụzọ n'ụzọ anọ nke Boeing 787 components bụ ndị na-emepụta Britain na-emepụta.

Ụlọ ọrụ na-emepụta ọgwụ na-arụkwa ọrụ dị mkpa na akụ na ụba. Mba ahụ nọ n'ọkwa nke atọ n'ime mmefu R&D ọgwụ zuru ụwa ọnụ. Ọrụ ugbo na-arụsi ọrụ ike, mebere ya nke ọma na nke ọma site na ụkpụrụ European, na-emepụta ihe dị ka 60% nke mkpa nri na-erughị 1.6% nke ndị ọrụ (535,000 mmadụ). Ihe dị ka ụzọ abụọ n'ụzọ atọ nke mmepụta a bụ nke a na-etinye n'ịzụ anụmanụ, otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ maka ihe ubi a na-akọ. A na-akwado ndị ọrụ ugbo site na Iwu Agricultural Common nke EU.

United Kingdom bụ United Kingdom nke Great Britain na Northern Ireland, nke a na-akpọkarị Great Britain ma ọ bụ Britain. South Caucasus bụ obodo mepere emepe na Western Europe. Gburugburu ụsọ ugwu ọdịda anyanwụ nke kọntinent kọntinent ahụ, ọ gụnyere agwaetiti Great Britain, akụkụ ugwu ọwụwa anyanwụ nke Ireland na ọtụtụ agwaetiti pere mpe. N'asụsụ bekee, a na-egosipụta aha steeti ahụ ka United Kingdom (United Kingdom), ma nwee mbiri UK ama ama.

United Kingdom obodo

Northern Ireland bụ naanị akụkụ nke United Kingdom nwere oke ala na steeti ọzọ nwere oke, Republic of Ireland. N'otu akụkụ ọdịda anyanwụ, Great Britain gbara ya gburugburu site na Atlantic Ocean, North Sea n'akụkụ ọwụwa anyanwụ, ọwa Bekee dị na ndịda yana Oké Osimiri Irish na ndịda ọdịda anyanwụ. Ihe a niile bụ otu n'ime oke osimiri kacha ogologo n'ụwa. Site na mpaghara nke square kilomita 242,500, UK nọ n'ọnọdụ 78 n'ihe gbasara nha.

Ntụgharị asụsụ United Kingdom na-ada n'ụzọ nkịtị ka United Kingdom. Steeti ahụ bụ ọchịchị eze nke nwere ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya. Onye eze bụ Queen Elizabeth II, onye chịrị kemgbe 1952, ogologo oge a na-emepụta ndekọ ụwa. Isi obodo United Kingdom na n'otu oge ahụ obodo kachasị ukwuu bụ London, nke bụ ebe ego nwere ọnụ ọgụgụ mmadụ nde 10.3. Mpaghara ndị ọzọ bụ isi mepere emepe gụnyere obodo Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow na Liverpool.

Olee otú e si malite alaeze ahụ?

Ya mere, United Kingdom bụ steeti nwere mba anọ: England, Scotland, Wales na Northern Ireland. Onye ọ bụla n'ime ha, ewezuga England, bụ nnwere onwe ma nwee ebe nlekọta nke ya dị na Edinburgh, Cardiff na Belfast.

Tupu e kee Great Britain, England meriri Wales wee weghara ya. Nke a pụtara na United Kingdom, nke e kere na 1707 site na Union of England na Scotland, kpuchiri Great Britain niile. Ala eze Ireland jikọtara ya na steeti ahụ na 1801 wee guzobe United Kingdom nke Great Britain na Ireland. Akụkụ nke Ireland kewapụrụ na 1922, na-eme ka okwu ọgbara ọhụrụ nke ịdị n'otu dị ka "Great Britain na Northern Ireland".

ego United Kingdom

N'afọ ndị 1920, Great Britain kpuchiri ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ otu ụzọ n'ụzọ anọ nke ala ụwa. N'oge ahụ, United Kingdom bụ alaeze kachasị ukwuu n'akụkọ ihe mere eme. Enwere ike ịhụ mmetụta ndị Britain n'asụsụ, omenala na usoro iwu nke ọtụtụ ndị na-achịbu.

Gịnị ka a na-ahụ taa?

UK bụ obodo mepere emepe na ọkwa dị ka akụ na ụba mba ụwa nke ise site n'ọnụ GDP na nke itoolu site n'ịzụta ikike ikike. Obodo a nwere nnukwu ego ma nwee ntụzịaka mmepe mmadụ "dị oke elu", ọkwa nke iri na isii n'ụwa.

Ọ bụ mba mbụ mepere emepe na ike a ma ama n'ụwa na narị afọ nke 19 na mmalite narị afọ nke 20. Great Britain ka bụ steeti siri ike nwere mmetụta akụ na ụba, omenala, agha, sayensị na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na ọkwa mba ụwa.

Ọchịchị UK (United Kingdom)

Ọ bụ obodo a ma ama na ngwa agha nuklia ma bụrụkwa nke isii na mmefu agha n'ụwa. Mba ahụ abụrụla onye otu na-adịgide adịgide na Council Security United Nations kemgbe nnọkọ mbụ ya na 1946. UK bụkwa mba ndị isi na European Union (EU) na onye bu ya ụzọ, European Economic Community (EEC), kemgbe 1973. Agbanyeghị, ntuli aka nke 2016 mere ka 51.9% nke ndị ntuli aka UK kwadoro ịhapụ EU.

United Kingdom sụgharịa ka ọ bụrụ Russian

Mba United Kingdom bụkwa onye so na Commonwealth of Nations, Council of Europe, G7, G20, NATO, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol na World Trade Organisation (WTO).

Akụkọ n'uju

Na 1707, e debanyere aha Act of Union, nke kwuru na e jikọrọ England na Scotland n'otu alaeze nke aha ya bụ Great Britain. Okwu ahụ bụ "United Kingdom" (na Bekee United Kingdom) pụtara n'iji ya eme ihe na narị afọ nke 18 dum. Na eze, steeti site na 1707 ruo 1800 bụ naanị Great Britain, na-enweghị "ụdị ogologo".

Iwu nke Union ọzọ, bịanyere aka na 1800, jikọrọ Great Britain na Ireland (na 1801), na-etolite United Kingdom nke Great Britain na Ireland. Mgbe nkewa nke Ireland na nnwere onwe nke steeti na 1922, ọ bụ naanị akụkụ ugwu nke agwaetiti ahụ fọdụrụ na South Caucasus. Mgbe ahụ, a gbanwere aha ọchịchị eze ọzọ. A nabatara aha United Kingdom of Great Britain na Northern Ireland.

Obodo n'ime obodo

N'agbanyeghị na United Kingdom bụ mba nweere onwe ya, a na-ewere mpaghara mpaghara ya (ewezuga England) dị ka mpaghara nwere onwe. Scotland, Wales na Northern Ireland bụ ndị na-achị onwe ha (onwe ha). Webụsaịtị gọọmentị nke Prime Minister nke Britain jiri nkebi ahịrịokwu ahụ “mba dị n'ime obodo” kọwaa United Kingdom ugboro ugboro.

london United Kingdom

Usoro na akara ngosi

A na-ejikarị okwu Britain eme ihe dị ka otu okwu maka United Kingdom (asụgharị n'asụsụ Russian dị ka United Kingdom). Agbanyeghị, aha a (dị ka Great Britain) na-ezo aka na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị England, Scotland na Wales mkpokọta, ewezuga Northern Ireland.

N'ọgbọ mba ụwa, aha GB na GBR bụ koodu ọkọlọtọ ejiri maka obodo niile dị na United Kingdom. Na mgbakwunye, otu egwuregwu Olympic nke mba ahụ na-eme ihe n'aha Team GB. Ọkọlọtọ nke United Kingdom bụkwa otu maka ọchịchị eze dum.

njirimara

A na-ejikarị okwu “British” na-ezo aka n'ihe metụtara United Kingdom. Okwu ahụ enweghị nkọwa gbasara iwu, mana ejiri ya na iwu na-ezo aka na nwa amaala UK yana ihe metụtara ya.

Ndị United Kingdom na-eji okwu dị iche iche kọwaa njirimara obodo ha. Ha nwere ike mata dị ka onye Britain ma ọ bụ Bekee, Scotland, Welsh ma ọ bụ Irish.

isi obodo United Kingdom

Na Welsh, aha steeti ahụ na-ada ka Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon, ebe a na-eji okwu abụọ mbụ mee ihe dị ka ndebiri aha na webụsaịtị gọọmentị. Agbanyeghị, a na-akpọkarị ya DU n'ihe eji eme ya. Na Scottish Gaelic ụdị ogologo bụ Rìoghachd Aonaichte Bhreatainn, ụdị dị mkpụmkpụ bụ okwu abụọ mbụ.

Ọkọlọtọ mba nke alaeze ahụ nwere mpaghara na-acha anụnụ anụnụ nke nwere obe na-acha uhie uhie atọ na-agbakọ ọnụ na akara ọcha, nke na-egosipụta njikọ nke mpaghara dị iche iche n'okpuru ọchịchị alaeze ukwu ahụ. Ubi na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-anọchi anya oke osimiri, obe na-acha uhie uhie kwụ ọtọ bụ akara England, ọcha na-acha ọcha bụ Scotland, uhie na-acha uhie uhie bụ Northern Ireland.

Nkewa nchịkwa

Obodo ọ bụla dị na United Kingdom nwere nhazi ọchịchị ime obodo nke ya. Nke a pụtara na enweghị usoro nhazi ma ọ bụ nkesa mpaghara ekwenyela na SC. Tupu narị afọ nke 19, enwere mgbanwe ole na ole na nhazi ndị a, mana enwere mgbanwe ugbu a na mpaghara a.

England

Nhazi nke ọchịchị obodo na England dị mgbagwoju anya, na nkesa ọrụ na-adabere na nkwekọrịta mpaghara. Nkewa dị elu nke England bụ mpaghara itoolu ejiri ugbu a maka ebumnuche ndekọ ọnụ. Enyerela otu mpaghara ikike ọgbakọ na onye isi obodo ahọpụtara ozugbo kemgbe 2000, ya bụ mgbe nkwado ọha na eze kwadoro atụmatụ a na referendum (Greater London). United Kingdom na mpaghara ndị ọzọ nwere ọnọdụ dị iche kpamkpam. E bu n’obi na a ga-enyekwa mpaghara ndị fọdụrụ n’ọgbakọ nke ha, mana ntụliaka n’afọ 2004 jụrụ echiche a. N'okpuru ọkwa mpaghara, ókèala England nwere kansụl mpaghara na mpaghara. A na-ahọpụta ndị otu kansụl ndị a dịka ụkpụrụ ụfọdụ siri dị.

Scotland

N'ihe gbasara ọchịchị ime obodo, Scotland na-ekewa n'ime mpaghara kansụl 32, nwere nnukwu ọdịiche na nha na ọnụ ọgụgụ mmadụ. Obodo Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen na Dundee bụ mpaghara dị iche iche nke Kansụl, dịkwa ka Highland Council, nke nwere otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ nke Scotland (na ihe karịrị mmadụ 200,000 nọ na ya). Ndị kansụl ime obodo bụ ndị a họpụtara ahọpụta bụ ndị a na-akwụ ụgwọ ọnwa.

United Kingdom nyefe

A na-eme ntuli aka site na otu votu nwere ike ibufe n'ime ụlọ ọtụtụ ndị na-ahọpụta ndị otu kansụl atọ ma ọ bụ anọ. Kansụl ọ bụla na-ahọpụta otu ndị otu ga-achịkọta ọgbakọ, bụ ndị na-arụ ọrụ dị ka onye isi maka mpaghara ahụ.

Wales

Gọọmentị ime obodo na Wales nwere ndị ọchịchị otu iri abụọ na abụọ. Ndị a gụnyere obodo Cardiff, Swansea na Newport, bụ ndị nwere onwe ha. A na-eme ntuli aka kwa afọ anọ.

Northern Ireland

Ahaziri ọchịchị ime obodo na Northern Ireland kemgbe 1973 ka ọ bụrụ kansụl district iri abụọ na isii, nke ọ bụla ahọpụtara site na otu votu. Iwu ha bụ naanị na ọrụ dịka ịchịkọta mkpofu, nlekọta nkịta, na idobe ogige ntụrụndụ na ebe a na-eli ozu. N'afọ 2008, ndị isi ụlọ ọrụ kwetara na atụmatụ ịmepụta kansụl ọhụrụ 11 ma dochie usoro dị ugbu a.

Economy nke United Kingdom

Bank of England bụ ụlọ akụ etiti nke United Kingdom. Nke a bụ usoro akụ na ụba nke ọtụtụ ụlọ akụ etiti ọgbara ọhụrụ dị n'ụwa dabere na ya.

UK nwere usoro akụ na ụba ahịa na-achịkwa akụkụ ụfọdụ. Dabere na ọnụego mgbanwe ahịa, steeti bụ taa bụ akụ na ụba nke ise kachasị ukwuu n'ụwa, nke abụọ na Europe na-esote Germany. Ụlọ akụ nke obodo, nke onyeisi oche, na-ahụ maka mmepe na mmejuputa iwu obodo na ngalaba nke ego na akụ na ụba.

Bank of England na-ahụ maka ịnye akwụkwọ ego na mkpụrụ ego n'ime ego mba United Kingdom, pound sterling. Ụlọ akụ dị na Scotland na Northern Ireland nwere ikike inye akwụkwọ ego nke ha.

Pound sterling bụ ego nchekwa nke atọ kachasị ukwuu n'ụwa (mgbe dollar US na euro gachara). Kemgbe 1997, Kọmitii Amụma Ego nke Bank of England, nke Gọvanọ na-achị, bụ onye na-ahụ maka ịtọ ọnụego ọmụrụ nwa n'ogo dị mkpa iji nweta ebumnobi mmụba n'ozuzu maka akụ na ụba nke Chancellor setịpụrụ kwa afọ.

Ngalaba ọrụ UK bụ ihe dịka 79% nke GDP. London bụ otu n'ime "ụlọ ọrụ iwu" atọ nke akụ na ụba ụwa (yana New York na Tokyo, ọ bụ ụlọ ọrụ ego kachasị ukwuu n'ụwa (ya na New York), nwere GDP obodo mepere emepe na Europe.

United Kingdom

Njem nlegharị anya dị oke mkpa maka akụ na ụba Britain. United Kingdom nọ n'ọkwa nke isii n'ụwa n'ihe gbasara njem nlegharị anya, ọtụtụ ndị njem na-enwekwa mmasị ịga London.

Kedu ka akụ na ụba obodo si tolite?

Mgbanwe nke ụlọ ọrụ malitere na Great Britain site na mmepe ngwa ngwa nke ụlọ ọrụ akwa, ụlọ ọrụ ndị ọzọ na-esote (nke bụ iwu ụgbọ mmiri, ngwuputa coal na mmepụta ígwè).

Ndị ahịa Britain, ndị na-ebu ụgbọ mmiri na ndị na-akụ akụ nwere nnukwu uru ma e jiri ya tụnyere ndị nnọchianya nke mba ndị ọzọ. Nke a nyere Great Britain ohere ịchịkwa azụmahịa mba ụwa na narị afọ nke 19. Dị ka mba ndị ọzọ mepere emepe, yana ndakpọ akụ na ụba nke sochiri agha ụwa abụọ ahụ, United Kingdom malitere ịla n'iyi nke asọmpi ya na ụlọ ọrụ dị arọ ji nke nta nke nta daa n'ime narị afọ nke 20 dum. Nrụpụta ka bụ akụkụ dị ịrịba ama nke akụ na ụba, mana na 2003 ọ bụ naanị 16.7% nke ngụkọta mba.

Ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọ ala taa bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke ngalaba nrụpụta UK. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, steeti bụ isi ebe maka mmepụta nke engines.

Ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọelu UK bụ nke abụọ ma ọ bụ nke atọ kasị ukwuu n'ụwa, dabere na usoro nha, na-atụgharị kwa afọ nke ihe dịka £ 30bn. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, a na-emepụta nku maka Airbus A380 na A350 XWB na ụlọ ọrụ Broughton a ma ama na Airbus UK. N'otu oge ahụ, ihe karịrị otu ụzọ n'ụzọ anọ nke Boeing 787 components bụ ndị na-emepụta Britain na-emepụta.

Ụlọ ọrụ na-emepụta ọgwụ na-arụkwa ọrụ dị mkpa na akụ na ụba. Mba ahụ nọ n'ọkwa nke atọ n'ime mmefu R&D ọgwụ zuru ụwa ọnụ. Ọrụ ugbo na-arụsi ọrụ ike, mebere ya nke ọma na nke ọma site na ụkpụrụ European, na-emepụta ihe dị ka 60% nke mkpa nri na-erughị 1.6% nke ndị ọrụ (535,000 mmadụ). Ihe dị ka ụzọ abụọ n'ụzọ atọ nke mmepụta a bụ nke a na-etinye n'ịzụ anụmanụ, otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ maka ihe ubi a na-akọ. A na-akwado ndị ọrụ ugbo site na Iwu Agricultural Common nke EU.

Ntụrụndụ, njem nlegharị anya na ihe nkiri

Nsonaazụ ọchụchọ gị

Cardiff bụ isi obodo na nnukwu obodo Wales, nke ga-amasị ndị ọbịa ya na ihe nkiri dị iche iche gụnyere Cardiff Castle, nke ghọrọ ezigbo ebe njem njem maka ndị njem si n'akụkụ ụwa dum.

Chester na York bụ obodo Bekee kacha ochie, mara mma na ihe owuwu oge ochie na ogige na ogige.

Great Britain bụ steeti agwaetiti, yabụ a na-eji ụgbọ njem na azụmaahịa bụ isi na njem ụgbọ mmiri na ụgbọ elu, mba ahụ nwere njikọ njem n'ime ụlọ mepere emepe. Akụkụ ọdụm nke njem ibu na-ada na njem ụgbọ mmiri; arụwo ihe karịrị ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri mba ụwa 70 na UK. Isi ọdụ ụgbọ njem nke mba ahụ, nke ejikọtara na ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri, bụ London, Southampton, Liverpool, Goole, Harwich.

Ụgbọ njem ụgbọ elu na UK na-arụsi ọrụ ike. Enwere ihe karịrị ọdụ ụgbọ elu obodo 450 na mba ahụ, ihe dị ka 140 n'ime ha nwere ikike. Isi ọdụ ụgbọ elu dị na London, Glasgow, Manchester, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Newcastle. British Airways bụ ọdụ ụgbọ elu obodo. Steeti na-etinye uche pụrụ iche maka mmepe nke njem ụgbọ elu, ebe ọ bụ na dị ka amụma si kwuo, ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị njem n'ime afọ iri na-abịanụ ga-abawanye site na 4% kwa afọ, na 2030 ọ nwere ike ịbawanye karịa ugboro abụọ.

Isi obodo London bụ nnukwu ụlọ ọrụ ego n'ụwa, na ahịa ụlọ ahịa na-adọta ndị na-etinye ego si n'ọtụtụ mba gburugburu ụwa. Ndị na-azụ ahịa bụ ndị bi si Eshia, mba Arab, Europe, CIS. Ihe karịrị ọkara ndị bi n'obodo ahụ bụ ndị mba ọzọ. A na-ewere ezigbo ụlọ okomoko dị na London dị ka otu n'ime ihe kachasị ọnụ n'ụwa, na asọmpi maka inweta ya dị oke elu n'ihi nnukwu ụkọ nke onyinye. N'otu oge ahụ, ọnụ ọgụgụ uto nke ọnụ ahịa ụlọ na London dị nnọọ elu.

Akụkụ ọdụm nke ụlọ ọrụ ndị njem nlegharị anya dị na London - British Museum, Tower Castle, ebe a na-edebe ihe ịchọ mma nke okpueze eze, Westminster Abbey - ebe a na-emechi ndị eze Britain, Ụlọ ndị omeiwu, nnukwu ụlọ. Ụlọ nche elekere Ben, Buckingham Palace, Madame Tussauds Wax Museum, Hyde Park nwere akụkụ ndị na-ekwu okwu na ndị ọzọ. Ogidi Nelson na-ebili na Trafalgar Square, na "square mile nke mmehie" - mpaghara Soho - ga-atọkwa ụtọ.

Njikọ njem

Ihe onwunwe dị na UK

Cambridge bụ mecca sayensị ọzọ, ụwa ama ama maka Mahadum Cambridge - ụkpụrụ nke kacha mma n'etiti ụlọ akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ ka elu.

Obodo na ntụrụndụ na UK

UK ihu igwe

Ụdị ọchịchị bụ ọchịchị eze. Na nchịkwa, steeti ahụ nwere mpaghara akụkọ ihe mere eme 4 - England, Scotland, Wales na Northern Ireland, nke kewara n'ọtụtụ mpaghara.

Ihe onwunwe dị na UK

Edinburgh, isi obodo Scotland, bụ nke a na-ewere n'ụzọ ziri ezi dị ka otu n'ime obodo ndị kasị mma na Europe, bụ nke a na-achọ na Castle Rock Castle a ma ama na ụlọ eze nke Holyrood House. Okporo ụzọ ịzụ ahịa na-adịghị agwụ agwụ, ámá, ihe owuwu mara mma na-emesi ekpomeekpo pụrụ iche nke Edinburgh ike.

Liverpool bụ ebe ndị ntorobịa na ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Foggy Albion kacha ukwuu. Taa, Liverpool nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu na omenala ụwa. Ọ bara ụba na ma akụkọ ihe mere eme ya na ihe nketa ụlọ.

Great Britain (" Foggy Albion ") - obodo nwere aura mara mma nke ndụ dị mma na nke a tụrụ atụ.

Na UK, ihe ka ọtụtụ n'ime ndị mmadụ bụ ndị kwere ekwe, okpukperechi na ụka na-ekere òkè dị ukwuu na ndụ ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ onye Britain ọ bụla. N'ụzọ bụ isi, ndị obodo bụ Ndị Kraịst, ihe dị ka 70% n'ime ha bụ ndị ụka Anglican steeti. Na obodo taa, naanị abụọ bụ ụka steeti: Anglican na England na Presbyterian na Scotland. Enweghị okpukpe obodo na Wales na Northern Ireland. Nhọrọ nke okpukpere chi n'efu ebe a, onye ọ bụla nwere ike mata onwe ya na okpukpe ọ bụla. A na-ahụkarị Islam, okpukpe Sikh, okpukpe ndị Juu, okpukpe Buddha, okpukpe Hindu, na ọtụtụ okpukpe ndị ọzọ ebe a.

N'ebe ugwu nke mba ahụ, snow na-ekpuchi site na Nọvemba ruo Eprel-Mee. Oke mmiri ozuzo kachasị na Scotland, Northern Ireland, ugwu England na Wales.

UK na-anya isi maka usoro ụgbọ okporo ígwè ya buru ibu, ebe ọ bụ otu n'ime mba 20 kachasị elu n'ụwa n'ihe gbasara ogologo ụgbọ okporo ígwè. Ọtụtụ ụgbọ oloko na-agafe ma nnukwu obodo ma obere obodo. A na-ewere njem ụgbọ okporo ígwè nke mba ahụ dị ka nke kacha ochie n'ụwa; okporo ụzọ ụgbọ oloko nke onwe na nke akụkọ ihe mere eme ka na-ahụkarị. N'oge na-adịbeghị anya, okporo ụzọ ụgbọ oloko na-agba ọsọ na-arụsi ọrụ ike na mba ahụ. Ụgbọ okporo ígwè dị elu site na Eurotunnel na-ejikọta usoro ụgbọ okporo ígwè Britain na kọntinent Europe.

Ga-aga Great Britain - ochie ebe e wusiri ike nke Lincoln, oge ochie obodo York na kasị omimi e guzobere - Stonehenge. Ndị na-egwu osisi na anụ ọhịa kwesịrị ịga na Lancashire nke nwere ogige ntụrụndụ mba kachasị na England na mpaghara ọdọ mmiri nwere ọdọ mmiri dị ịtụnanya.

United Kingdom

Nkewa nchịkwa

Okpukpe na njirimara mba

Birmingham bụ obodo nke abụọ mmadụ bi na ya ma ama maka ọdịiche ya dị ịtụnanya - mpaghara ime obodo na-ewu ewu na mpaghara ụlọ ọrụ ochie, na ụlọ ụka ochie na-enyo enyo na ụlọ ọrụ chrome na ebe ịzụ ahịa.

 

  • Wales: Mpaghara 8 ( Cardiff bụ isi obodo ).
  • Northern Ireland: Mpaghara 26 ( Belfast bụ isi obodo ).

Ọ bara uru ịkọwa nlegharị anya na-adọrọ mmasị nke ụlọ ndị Scottish, na Vail of Neath - ala mmiri mmiri na ebe ọmụmụ nke Nessie. Ọ dị mkpa ịga njem na Ireland iji mara isi obodo ya - Belfast - wee hụ "Ụzọ nke Giants" - ihe owuwu nkume nke ọtụtụ polyhedra - ogidi basalt. Ndị na-ahọrọ obi ụtọ ga-ahụ n'anya Carrick Red Rope Bridge, nke na-ejikọta ọnụ ọnụ okwute abụọ kpọmkwem n'elu omimi nke oké osimiri. Ndị na-ahụ maka nka dị elu ga-enwe ike ịga na Grand Opera na Ulster Museum.

  • England: Mpaghara 39, ógbè mepere emepe 6 na ngalaba nlekọta pụrụ iche - Greater London ( isi obodo London ).

Leeds bụ obodo dị na Yorkshire, obodo nke atọ kachasị na UK. Site na ihe owuwu Edwardian bara ụba, Leeds bụ obodo akụkọ ihe mere eme na ndụ ọgbara ọhụrụ. Ọ bụ otu n'ime obodo ndị na-ebute ụzọ n'ihe gbasara ọnụ ọgụgụ ụmụ akwụkwọ.

UK nwere ọtụtụ ihe ncheta tupu akụkọ ihe mere eme, ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie na-adọrọ mmasị, ọdọ mmiri mara mma na obodo ochie.

London bụ isi obodo nke Alaeze, bụ nnukwu etiti na British Islands. Obodo nwere nnukwu ụlọ ochie dị iche iche, veranda, ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie, ụlọ ihe nkiri, ụlọ oriri na ọṅụṅụ, ụlọ mmanya, ụlọ oriri na ọṅụṅụ na discos, ụlọ ahịa na boutiques. Ebe obibi eze dịkwa ebe a. London bụ ebe etiti ego mba ụwa!

Anyị na-eji kuki iji nye gị ọrụ ndị ahịa kacha mma yana ịnye gị azịza ahaziri onwe maka arịrịọ gị.Nabata amụma nzuzo nzuzo na amụma kuki.

United Kingdom of Great Britain na Northern Ireland dị na ugwu ọdịda anyanwụ nke Europe ma mejupụtara agwaetiti Great Britain, ebe England, Scotland na Wales dị, yana akụkụ nke agwaetiti Ireland, nke Northern Ireland ji. Isle of Man na Channel Islands nwere ọkwa ọchịchị pụrụ iche.

Obodo a nwekwara ebe ntụrụndụ balneological, nke kacha mara amara bụ Leamington, Bilt, Harrogate, Llandrindod, Buxton, Llanurtyd na Bath, nke bụ saịtị UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Belfast bụ isi obodo Northern Ireland, ezigbo ebe ọdịnala na-adọta ọnụ ọgụgụ na-arị elu nke ndị njem si n'akụkụ ụwa niile.

  • Scotland: Mpaghara 12 na agwaetiti 186 ( Edinburgh bụ isi obodo ).

N'agbanyeghị oke ikuku na mmiri ozuzo na UK, obodo ahụ nwere ọtụtụ ọmarịcha ntụrụndụ dị n'akụkụ osimiri: Newport, Eastbourne na Brighton, na ọbụna English Riviera ( Torbay ). Na mkpokọta, enwere ihe dị ka osimiri 760 na Foggy Albion, nke a na-enyocha kwa afọ maka nnabata na ụkpụrụ European.

Great Britain bụ obodo agụụ na mmiri ozuzo. Ihu igwe ebe a dị iche na mpaghara ọ bụla, mana n'ozuzu ọ na-ekpo ọkụ, dị nro, iru mmiri, n'ihi oke mmiri Atlantic na-ekpo ọkụ nke Gulf Stream. Ná nkezi, ikuku ikuku n'ime afọ niile bụ + 11 Celsius C na ndịda yana + 9 Celsius C n'ebe ugwu ọwụwa anyanwụ nke steeti.

Glasgow bụ obodo kachasị ukwuu na Scotland, mikpuru n'ime oghere akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ - ọ bụ etiti nka na ebe a na-ahazi ọtụtụ ememme. Nke a bụ ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie Europe kacha baa ọgaranya - Kelvingrove Art Gallery na Glasgow.

London, ndịda ọwụwa anyanwụ na Westland bụ ebe kacha ekpo ọkụ, ebe Scotland bụ oyi kacha. Ihu igwe nke Wales na Northern Ireland dị nwayọọ na iru mmiri.


Nhọrọ ihe onwunwe

A na-asa steeti ahụ site na mmiri nke oke osimiri Atlantic site na ugwu ọdịda anyanwụ yana oke osimiri North - site na ọwụwa anyanwụ. N'akụkụ ndịda ọ na-ekewapụ ya na ala site na ọwa Bekee.

N'oge na izi ezi, nnwere onwe, nkwanye ùgwù, imeru ihe n'ókè, ịdị umeala n'obi, scrupulousness na nkwanye ùgwù maka ihe onwunwe, Enterprise nwere ike iche n'etiti atụmatụ nke mba agwa nke British. Ndị Britain na-ege ntị karịsịa na omenala ha. Ụkpụrụ omume nwa amadị ka bara uru taa. Bekee nke oge a na-ewere njide onwe onye dị ka isi àgwà ọma nke mmadụ.

Ịnweta ezigbo ala na UK ka a na-ewere na ọ bụghị naanị ihe a ma ama, kamakwa ọ bara uru. Na itinye ego na ezigbo ala na ụlọ nke obodo a na-ewere dị ka nchekwa na uru site na ndị na-etinye ego n'ụwa nile.

A na-emepụta nkwụsi ike nke ahịa ụlọ ahịa UK na mmepe ya site n'ọtụtụ ihe: mmụba na-arịwanye elu na-achọsi ike, n'ihi obere ihe owuwu, ahịa ahụ nwere ụkọ ihe dị iche iche nke atụmatụ, mmụba nke uru nke ezigbo ụlọ mgbe ere na ọnụahịa ya. mgbe mgbazinye. A na-adọtakwa mba ahụ site na ọkwa dị elu nke usoro agụmakwụkwọ, ọtụtụ ndị na-azụ ahịa na-azụta ụlọ maka ụmụ ha, ndị na-enweta akwụkwọ ebe a.

Ụlọ elu ochie, ụlọ obibi, ala nke oge nzuzo na Great Britain na-achọsi ike n'etiti ndị na-ahụ maka ihe onwunwe nke akụkọ ihe mere eme. N'oge na-adịbeghị anya, ahịa ụlọ na-arụsi ọrụ ike na obodo ndị ọzọ nke UK. Ndị a bụ Liverpool, Leeds, Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, na Liverpool na Leeds, a na-ewu ọtụtụ ụlọ maka ụmụ akwụkwọ na ndị ọkachamara na-eto eto.

Oxford bụ obodo mahadum kacha ochie na England, nnukwu ụlọ akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ Bekee. The mahadum ejikọrọ 40 kọleji na ihe karịrị 16 puku ụmụ akwụkwọ, na nnọọ pụrụ iche ikuku nke ochie hovers n'ime ya mgbidi.

Ndị Britain na-etinye uche pụrụ iche na mmụta ime mmụọ nke ọgbọ na-eto eto site na nwata. Ụlọ akwụkwọ Sọnde ụmụaka na-ewu ewu nke ukwuu na mba ahụ, n'ọtụtụ ụlọ akwụkwọ nkịtị, nkuzi niile na-amalite mgbe ụfọdụ ma jiri ekpere mechie. Enwekwara ọtụtụ okirikiri ebe ụmụaka na-ekeresi ike na mmemme ọrụ ebere na nke ụka.

Site na ụgbọ ala ma ọ bụ ụgbọ ala ị nwere ike ịga ọtụtụ ebe na UK, akụrụngwa okporo ụzọ dị elu, ụzọ ọsọ ọsọ. Ọrụ ụgbọ ala nke mba ahụ emepela nke ọma, mana ụgwọ ụgbọ ahụ dị oke elu. Ndị na-ebu ibu bụ National Express, Megabus. Ụlọ ọrụ National Express na-etinyekwa aka na mbufe ndị njem na-aga na ọdụ ụgbọ elu, ụgbọ njem njem mba ụwa na-aga na Europe, na-ahazi njem nlegharị anya na obodo na obodo Europe.

Ụzọ kacha mma isi mata ọdịnala bekee bụ na Oxford, Cambridge, na ala nna Shakespeare - Stratford-n'elu-Avon. Ije ije n'ime obodo Bekee mara mma, yana ịhụ nnukwu nkume limestone, dị mfe na Cotswolds. Ndị hụrụ akụkọ ihe mere eme ga-enwe mmasị na Northumberland, ebe enwere ọtụtụ nnukwu ụlọ na ebe agha. Agwaetiti Scilly ga-amasị ndị na-ahọrọ njem nlegharị anya.


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