Moscow mpaghara, obodo nke Kashira

Moscow mpaghara, obodo nke Kashira

Nkwụnye ego nke ụrọ, ájá.

Architecture, nlegharị anya

Otu n'ime ndị isi obodo ensembles e hiwere na Katidral Square: Assumption Katidral (1826-42) na Alaeze Ukwu style, ndị bụbu ụlọ nke onyeisi obodo na akụ (ọkara nke abụọ nke narị afọ nke 18), ndị mbụ classicist ụlọ nke Zubovs. (mbubreyo 18th - mmalite narị afọ nke 19). Na mmalite nke narị afọ nke 19 e guzobere mkpokọta nke Torgovaya Square, nke nwere nhazi akụkụ 8 na atụmatụ. N'akụkụ ya gburugburu, e nwere ụlọ nke nnukwu ụlọ ahịa (nke furu efu). N'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ nke square ahụ, e nwere Vvedenskaya Church (1802-17) n'ụdị oge ochie na ụlọ elu mgbịrịgba ise dị elu - bụ isi ụkpụrụ ụlọ na Kashira (n'afọ 1860, e ji elekere elekere rụọ ya). a spire). Mgbe e mesịrị ụlọ na-emi odude ke square - a sinima (1930-31) na style nke constructivism, ụlọ nke State Bank (1946, neoclassicism), a ngalaba ụlọ ahịa (1980), wuru dị ka ọkọlọtọ oru ngo.

Ekwentị (s): 546-86-70 Fax:

Site na njedebe nke narị afọ nke 15 ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri ndịda nke steeti Muscovite, nke na-echebe okporo ụzọ gaa n'elu Don. N'afọ 1531, e wuru ụlọ elu osisi na ụrọ siri ike n'elu ugwu dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri nke dị n'ọnụ Kashirka iji chebe ebe ndịda na-abịarute Moscow na ebe ndịda gafere Oka (a na-echekwa mgbidi ala dị nso na obodo Gorodishche). Na 1592 na 1596 Kashira tara ahụhụ nke ukwuu site na mwakpo ndị Tatar Crimea. Mgbe mwakpo nke Devlet Giray na ihe otiti na 1571, ụnwụ nke 1601-02, mbibi nke oge nsogbu, ochie Kashira ghọrọ onye gbahapụrụ. Na 1619, e si n'akụkụ aka ekpe nke Oka bufee ya gaa n'aka nri (5km n'elu mmiri) wee wughachi ya. E wuru ebe e wusiri ike osisi, bụ́ ebe ógbè na ógbè ndị ahụ jikọtara ọnụ. Uru nchekwa furu efu na narị afọ nke 17.

Na ókèala nke oge a Kashira - nke a na-akpọ. Obodo Kashirskoye nke okenye, otu n'ime obodo kacha ochie nke omenala Dyakovo (narị afọ 7-4 BC) nwere ebe obibi gbara gburugburu.

Isi ụlọ ọrụ

N'afọ 1919-22 dị nso na Kashira, n'ime obodo Ternovo (nke dị ugbu a n'ime ókèala Kashira), a na-arụ ọrụ ụlọ ọrụ ike nke Kashirskaya steeti, nke na-arụ ọrụ na coal dị nso na Moscow.

N'afọ 1856, na obodo Kashira, Tula, enwere ụlọ ụka 7, ụlọ 390, ụlọ ahịa 98.

Omenala, sayensị, agụmakwụkwọ

Enyemaka: kaadiboodu corrugated

Novoselki LLP

OJSC Gofron

Central Street jikọtara katidral na Torgovaya square. Ụka Alaeze Ukwu nke St. Nicholas the Ratny (Troitskaya, 1815) pụtara na ya. N'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ nke Torgovaya Square bụ Chọọchị nke Ascension (1826-42), nke yiri ụdị Vvedenskaya Church.

142900, Moscow mpaghara, Kashirsky district, Kashira, St. Klọb, 16

Enyemaka: Champignons na oporo olu, mmiri ara ehi na ngwaahịa mmiri ara ehi

Mpaghara Museum.

Na 1963, obodo Novokashirsk e gụnyere na obodo Kashira. Novokashirsk bilitere n'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1919 na nso obodo Ternovo n'oge a na-ewu Kashirskaya GRES. Site na 05/21/1928 Ternovsky ụdị obodo, site na 1932 obodo Ternovsk, site na June 27, 1935 obodo Kaganovich, site na 1957 Novokashirsk (7.2 puku ndị bi, 1931, 9.5 puku ndị bi, 1959). A na-akpọ Kashira-2 na-akwadoghị.

Kashirskaya GRES-4 im. Krzhizhanovsky

Na-enye: ọkụ eletrik, ike okpomọkụ

E wulitere obodo Novokashirsk na ụlọ na mmụọ nke nrụpụta ihe.

Akụkọ ihe mere eme nke obodo Kashira

Mgbe ntinye nke Novokashirsk n'ime oke obodo (K-2), a malitere ịrụ ụlọ ọhụrụ na ebe obibi. N'afọ 1970-80. A rụrụ ihe owuwu na mpaghara ọwụwa anyanwụ nke K-2.

142911, Moscow mpaghara, Kashirsky district, Kashira, Novoselki obodo

JSC: "Gofron" (mmepụta nke nkwakọ ngwaahịa corrugated), "Azhur" (hosiery), "Makkon" (pasta). Imepụta ngwá ụlọ, brik.

Isi akụkọ ihe mere eme nke obodo (K-1) dị na mkpọda ugwu nke Oka, nke ọwara mmiri gbuturu. A na-echekwa nhazi oge ochie, nke na-agbaso mgbagwoju anya na ọdịiche dị na enyemaka ahụ, na mpaghara mpaghara Nikitskaya nke dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri na Rybny. A rụrụ ụlọ nke akụkụ etiti, nke dịpụrụ adịpụ n'ebe ndịda nke mkpọda ụsọ oké osimiri, dịka atụmatụ a na-eme mgbe niile kwadoro na 1779.

A na-akpọ Kashira oge ochie na 1356 na akwụkwọ ikike ime mmụọ nke Prince Ivan II nke Moscow dị ka obodo Koshira dị n'akụkụ aka ekpe nke Oka, na confluence nke osimiri. Kashirki. Aha dị ka osimiri ahụ si dị Koshira (Kashirka nke oge a). The hydronym enweghị afọ ojuju etymology; Ọnụnọ nke ọnụ ọgụgụ dị na hydronymy nke Baltic na-egosi mmalite nke Baltic.

Ụlọ obibi nke obodo ochie bụ ụlọ ndị e wuru na 1860 na 70s na-achịkwa. ụlọ nwere okpukpu abụọ nke nkume nwere mezzanines.

IGBO, Nhazi osisi na ụlọ ọrụ PULP na akwụkwọ

Ekwentị (s): 2-08-56 Fax: 2-12-87

142900, Moscow mpaghara, Kashirsky district, Kashira, Sovetsky pr., 1

Na 1900, Paveletskaya ụgbọ okporo ígwè gafere Kashira.

Ekwentị (s): 3-34-38 Fax: 3-34-38

Osisi: ihe owuwu ígwè (ihe owuwu ụlọ maka ọkụ ọkụ), Centrolit (ígwè nkedo na nkedo aluminom), igwe nri nri.

4km ndịda ọdịda anyanwụ nke Kashira, ụlọ mbụ nke Baryatinsky Zendikovo n'ụdị oge ochie nke nwere ogige odida obodo na ọdọ mmiri (niile site na njedebe nke narị afọ nke 18). 3 km. ọwụwa anyanwụ nke K-2 n'ime obodo Baskachi, brik Epiphany Church (1752) na ụdị Baroque.

Na 1708, e kenyere Kashira na mpaghara Moscow (na aha Koshira, na iwu 1719 - ugbua Kashira), ebe 1719 na mpaghara Moscow. Ebe ọ bụ na 1777 - obodo nke Tula gọvanọ (ebe 1796 - Tula n'ógbè).

Osisi IKE IKWU

Ụlọ ọrụ nri

N'oge Agha Patriotic Ukwu nke 1941-45 na nso Kashira na njedebe nke November 1941, agha siri ike na ndị agha Nazi nke General Kh.V. Guderian. Na November 27-29, 1941, ndị Soviet nkeji meriri ndị iro, Kashira jisiri ike chebe onwe ya.

Site na narị afọ nke 18 Kashira abụrụla nnukwu ụlọ ahịa azụmaahịa dị na okporo ụzọ Moscow, Kolomna, Tula, Serpukhov. Site na njedebe nke narị afọ nke 18 ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe mbụ malitere ịpụta: malting, akpụkpọ anụ na obere ụlọ ọrụ ndị ọzọ.

Alaka nke Moscow Academy of Instrument Engineering.

Site n'echiche nke nlegharị anya na ịgagharị n'ọdịdị okike, ọ bụ naanị mpaghara abụọ na-adọrọ mmasị: Kashira-1 (akụkụ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke obodo) na ebe obibi ndị mọnk Belopesotsky n'akụkụ aka ekpe nke Oka.

 

Ntuziaka Kashira: otu esi esi ebe ahụ na ebe ị ga-anọ, ihe ị ga-ahụ na ebe ị ga-aga na mgbede. Kacha mmasị na Kashira: ọhụrụ reviews na foto, ebe ịhụ, ika ntụrụndụ na ụlọ ahịa.

 

  • Njem nlegharị anya maka Afọ Ọhụrụ na mpaghara Moscow
  • Njegharị na-ekpo ọkụ na gburugburu ụwa

 

Kashira bụ obodo ochie nke dị n'ikpere mmiri nke Oka dị na mpaghara Moscow, n'otu aka ahụ, dị ka a ga-asị na oyi kpọnwụrụ n'oge gara aga, nke na-echetara ọtụtụ ụlọ ụka na katidral, na nke ọzọ, jikọtara ya na oge Soviet. Ụlọ ndị dị n'ụdị constructivism, nnukwu ụlọ ọrụ mpaghara Kashirskaya steeti aha ya bụ Krzhizhanovsky na mpụga, mosaics na-egosi proletarians na, n'elu ya, ihe ọkpụkpụ nke Lenin na-emepụta ihe oyiyi nke Kashira ọzọ, nke na-enweghị ihe ọ bụla ọ ga-eme. na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke oge ochie Russia na ndị isi Moscow.

Ndị ndu na Kashira

Kashira-2 bụ ụlọ akụ ziri ezi nke Oka, nke a bụ akụkụ nke obodo ahụ nke e wuru kemgbe 1919 tinyere iwu ụlọ ọrụ ọkụ, ebe Kashirskaya GRES dị taa.

Iji ghọta ebe Kashira guzoro na mbụ, ọ ga-ezuru ịhụ otu n'ime ebe nkiri obodo - Trinity Belopesotsky Monastery, tọrọ ntọala na narị afọ nke 15, n'akụkụ aka ekpe nke Oka.

Otú ọ dị, ndị a abụghị mgbanwe ikpeazụ e mere n'usoro obodo ahụ. N'oge Soviet oge, ekele na-ewu nke ụgbọ okporo ígwè na-ejikọta Moscow na Kashira na State district ike ọdụ, Novokashirsk, a obere obodo nke toro nke a na-arụ ọrụ mmezi nke ndị ọrụ na-eje ozi ọdụ, na akụkụ nke mpaghara jikọtara ya. okporo ụzọ ụgbọ oloko gụnyere na nhazi ahụ.

Ụlọ oriri na ọṅụṅụ ndị ama ama na Kashira

Mpaghara

Kashira dị na mbụ n'akụkụ aka ekpe nke Oka, mana ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ obodo ahụ na 1356, naanị ramparts dị nso n'obodo Gorodishche, Stupino District, na ebe obibi ndị mọnk Belopesotsky n'otu mpaghara ahụ. A na-akpọ akụkụ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ụlọ akụ aka nri Kashira Kashira-1. Ọ na-adọrọ mmasị ileta ndị njem nleta, yana ebe obibi ndị mọnk Belopesotsky, nke dị n'akụkụ aka ekpe nke Oka.

Ihu igwe na Kashira

  • Taa
  • Echi
  • Ọktoba 28, Fraịde

    Isi urukpuru

    7 Celsius C n'ehihie 3 Celsius C n'abalị

  • Ọktoba 29, Satọde

    Isi urukpuru

    10 Celsius C n'ụbọchị 7 Celsius C n'abalị

  • Ọktoba 30, Sọnde

    Urukpuru, mmiri ozuzo

    11 Celsius C n'ụbọchị 1 Celsius C n'abalị

  • Ihu igwe maka ụbọchị 10

N'ụzọ dị mwute, ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ dịghị ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie n'obodo ahụ, ewezuga ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie abụọ dị na mpaghara. Ma echekwawo ụlọ obibi nke narị afọ nke 19. Ndị na-akwado constructivism na Soviet architecture kwesịrị ịṅa ntị na ụlọ cinema site na 1930. Ụlọ akwụkwọ obodo Art Nouveau ga-echetara gị mmalite nke narị afọ nke 20 na ihe omume mgbanwe na-abịa. Gụọkwa maka ihe nlegharị anya Kashira niile dị mkpa.

Kashira-Passenger bụ ọdụ ụgbọ oloko na ókèala ndị dị n'akụkụ pụtara kemgbe mmalite narị afọ nke 20. Na Kashira-3 (ma ọ bụ "Oll nna nna", dị ka ọ na-akpa ọchị utu aha) - a "na-ehi ụra" microdistrict, ọdụdụ akụkụ nke obodo, na-ejikọta 1st na 2nd district. Ụlọ nchịkwa dịkwa ebe a.

Akụkọ na omenala

Usoro izizi nke ọnụnọ mmadụ na mpaghara a malitere na narị afọ nke asaa-4 BC. e. Mkpebi Kashirskoye bụ ebe obibi kacha ochie na omenala Dyakovo malitere na mmalite Iron Age. Ndị nnọchianya ya bi na mpaghara Moscow, Tver, Vologda na mpaghara ndị ọzọ. Enwere ike ịchọta aha mbụ nke Kashira na akwụkwọ nke narị afọ nke 14, na akwụkwọ ikike ime mmụọ nke nwa onye ọchịchị Moscow bụ Ivan Kalita. Agha ahụ, mwakpo nke ndị Tatar, ọrịa na-efe efe mere ka eziokwu ahụ bụ na a gbahapụrụ obodo ahụ, na 1619 e wughachiri ya ọzọ, n'akụkụ aka nri nke Oka.

Otu esi aga Kashira

Ụzọ kachasị mfe bụ iji ụgbọ oloko gaa ọdụ Kashira. Kwa ụbọchị site na ọdụ ụgbọ okporo ígwè Paveletsky na Moscow (metro station "Paveletskaya"), site n'isi ụtụtụ ruo mgbede, ụgbọ oloko na-apụ na ntụziaka a. Ị nwere ike banye ụgbọ oloko na-aga Kashira ozugbo ma ọ bụ n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Ozherelye na Uzunovo (pụọ na Kashira). Oge njem bụ ihe dịka awa abụọ. Ogologo oge n'etiti ụgbọ oloko dị obere.
Aha obodo ahụ sitere na aha obere osimiri Kashirka. N'ebe na-adịghị anya site na ebe ọ na-asọba na Ọka, e kere ebe obibi, nke mechara kwaga.

Site ụgbọ ala

Iji ruo obodo ahụ, soro ụzọ ochie Kashirskoye ma ọ bụ okporo ụzọ M4 Don. Ebe dị anya abụghị ihe na-erughị 100 km.

Site na ụgbọ ala

Site na ọdụ ụgbọ okporo ígwè Krasnogvardeyskaya, ụgbọ ala 381 na-apụ kwa ụbọchị gaa n'obodo Kashira. Oge njem bụ ihe dịka awa abụọ. Ogologo oge n'etiti ụgbọ elu bụ otu elekere. Ụgbọ ala mbụ na-ahapụ ebe ahụ n'elekere asatọ nke ụtụtụ, nke ikpeazụ na-apụ na 18.00.

    • "Kashira - site n'oge ochie ruo ugbu a"

Ntụrụndụ na ihe nkiri

Nke mbụ, ndị na-akwado ụkpụrụ ụlọ okpukpe kwesịrị ịbịa Kashira. Katidral Assumption magburu onwe ya (Katidral nke Assumption nke Virgin Mary a gọziri agọzi) na Katidral Square, nke e wuru na ụdị Alaeze Ukwu na narị afọ nke 19; Nikitsky Convent, nke naanị ụlọ abụọ dịgidere ruo taa - Ụka Nikitsky na Ụka ​​nke Nnwogha nke Onye Nzọpụta; Chọọchị nke ngosi nke Virgin Mary a gọziri agọzi n'ime Ụlọ Nsọ ma ọ bụ Ụlọ Nzukọ nke Ngosipụta na Torgovaya Square (aha mbụ nke Khlebnaya Square), nke e wuru na narị afọ nke 19, Chọọchị St. Nicholas the Ratny na Belopesotsky. Ebe obibi ndị mọnk mejupụtara akụ na ụba omenala nke obodo ahụ.


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