Nri uru na chemical mejupụtara nke ọka wit

Nri uru na chemical mejupụtara nke ọka wit

Uru ike nke ọka wit bụ 291 kcal.

Uru nri na ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ "Wheat" .

357 g 104 mg 57 mg 291 kcal 316 g 350 mg 5.6 mg

  • Vitamin B1 bụ akụkụ nke enzymes kachasị mkpa nke carbohydrate na ike metabolism, na-enye ahụ ike na ihe plastik, yana metabolism nke amino acids-chain. Enweghị vitamin a na-eduga ná nnukwu nsogbu nke ụjọ, digestive na usoro obi.
  • Vitamin B2 na-etinye aka na mmeghachi omume redox, na-abawanye ike nke agba na onye nyocha anya na mmegharị ọchịchịrị. Enweghi vitamin B2 ezughị oke na-esonyere ya na mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, akpụkpọ anụ mucous, ìhè na-adịghị mma na ọhụụ chiobọchị.
  • Vitamin B5 na-etinye aka na protein, abụba, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, njikọ nke ọtụtụ homonụ, hemoglobin, na-akwalite nnabata nke amino acid na sugars n'ime eriri afọ, na-akwado ọrụ nke adrenal cortex. Enweghị pantothenic acid nwere ike ibute mmebi akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ anụ mucous.
  • Vitamin B6 na-etinye aka n'ịkwado nzaghachi mgbochi ọrịa, usoro mgbochi na mkpali na sistemu ụjọ nke etiti, na mgbanwe nke amino acid, tryptophan metabolism, lipids na nucleic acid, na-enye aka na nhazi nke mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara uhie nkịtị, na-edobe a nkịtị larịị nke homocysteine ​​​​n'ime ọbara. Enweghị vitamin B6 ezughị ezu na-esonyere mbelata nke agụụ, mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, mmepe nke homocysteinemia, anaemia.
  • Vitamin B9 dị ka coenzyme na-etinye aka na metabolism nke nucleic na amino acids. ụkọ folate na-eduga ná nkwụsị nke njikọ nke nucleic acids na protein, na-eme ka mgbochi nke cell cell na nkewa, karịsịa na anụ ahụ na-amụba ngwa ngwa: ụmị ọkpụkpụ, epithelium intestinal, wdg. Ịṅụbiga ihe ọṅụṅụ folate zuru oke n'oge ime ime bụ otu n'ime ihe ndị na-akpata mmalite, erighị ihe na-edozi ahụ́, nrụrụ a mụrụ n'afọ na nsogbu mmepe nke nwatakịrị. E gosipụtara mmekọrịta siri ike n'etiti ọkwa nke folate, homocysteine ​​​​na ihe ize ndụ nke ọrịa obi.
  • Vitamin PP na-etinye aka na mmeghachi omume redox nke metabolism ike. Enweghi vitamin ezughị oke na-esonyere mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ nkịtị, eriri afọ na usoro ụjọ.
  • Potassium bụ isi intracellular ion na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mmiri, acid na electrolyte itule, na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mkpali akwara na nhazi nrụgide.
  • Magnesium na-etinye aka na metabolism ike, njikọ nke protein, nucleic acid, nwere mmetụta na-adịgide adịgide na membranes, ọ dịkwa mkpa iji nọgide na-enwe calcium, potassium na sodium homeostasis. Enweghị magnesium na-eduga na hypomagnesemia, ihe ize ndụ dị ukwuu nke ịmalite ọbara mgbali elu, ọrịa obi.
  • Phosphorus na-etinye aka n'ọtụtụ usoro physiological, gụnyere ike metabolism, na-achịkwa nguzozi acid-base, bụ akụkụ nke phospholipids, nucleotides na nucleic acid, ọ dịkwa mkpa maka ịnweta ọkpụkpụ na ezé. Enweghị ike na-eduga na anorexia, anaemia, rickets.
  • Ígwè bụ akụkụ nke protein dị iche iche, gụnyere enzymes. Na-ekere òkè na mbufe electrons, oxygen, na-eme ka mmeghachi omume redox na-arụ ọrụ na peroxidation. Oriri ezughi oke na-eduga na anaemia hypochromic, ụkọ myoglobin atony nke akwara skeletal, ike ọgwụgwụ, myocardiopathy, atrophic gastritis.
  • Manganese na-etinye aka na nhazi nke ọkpụkpụ na anụ ahụ jikọtara, bụ akụkụ nke enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke amino acids, carbohydrates, catecholamines; dị mkpa maka njikọ nke cholesterol na nucleotides. Enweghi oriri na-ezuru oke na-esonyere na nkwụsị nke uto, nsogbu na usoro ọmụmụ, ụbara fragility nke ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, nsogbu nke carbohydrate na lipid metabolism.
  • Ọla kọpa bụ akụkụ nke enzymes nwere ọrụ redox ma na-etinye aka na metabolism nke ígwè, na-akpali nnabata nke protein na carbohydrates. Na-ekere òkè na usoro nke inye anụ ahụ nke ahụ mmadụ na oxygen. A na-egosipụta erughi eru site na mmebi nke nhazi usoro obi na ọkpụkpụ, mmepe nke dysplasia anụ ahụ jikọtara.
  • Selenium bụ ihe dị mkpa nke sistemu agbachitere antioxidant nke ahụ mmadụ, nwere mmetụta immunomodulatory, yana itinye aka na nhazi nke homonụ thyroid. Enweghị ụkọ na-eduga na ọrịa Kashin-Bek (osteoarthritis nwere ọtụtụ nrụrụ nke nkwonkwo, ọkpụkpụ azụ na akụkụ aka), ọrịa Keshan (endemic myocardiopathy), na thrombasthenia eketa.
  • Zinc bụ akụkụ nke ihe karịrị 300 enzymes, na-etinye aka na njikọ na nbibi nke carbohydrates, protein, abụba, nucleic acid na na nhazi nke okwu nke ọtụtụ mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa. Enweghi oriri zuru oke na-eduga na anaemia, ụkọ immunodeficiency nke abụọ, cirrhosis imeju, arụrụ ọrụ mmekọahụ, na mmebi nwa ebu n'afọ. Nnyocha e mere n'oge na-adịbeghị anya ekpughere ikike nke nnukwu doses nke zinc na-akpaghasị nnabata nke ọla kọpa ma si otú a na-enye aka na mmepe nke anaemia.

Kedu ihe bara uru ọka wheat

Ọka wit bara ụba na vitamin na mineral ndị dị ka:
vitamin B1 - 125.5%, vitamin B2 - 27.7%, vitamin B5 - 45.1%, vitamin B6 - 65%, vitamin B9 - 70.3%, vitamin PP - 34.1%, potassium - 35.7% , magnesium - 59,8%, phosphorus - 105.3%, ígwè - 35%, manganese - 665.1%, ọla kọpa - 79,6%, selenium - 144%, zinc - 102,4%

  • Vitamin B1 bụ akụkụ nke enzymes kachasị mkpa nke carbohydrate na ike metabolism, na-enye ahụ ike na ihe plastik, yana metabolism nke amino acids-chain. Enweghị vitamin a na-eduga ná nnukwu nsogbu nke ụjọ, digestive na usoro obi.
  • Vitamin B5 na-etinye aka na protein, abụba, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, njikọ nke ọtụtụ homonụ, hemoglobin, na-akwalite nnabata nke amino acid na sugars n'ime eriri afọ, na-akwado ọrụ nke adrenal cortex. Enweghị pantothenic acid nwere ike ibute mmebi akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ anụ mucous.
  • Vitamin B6 na-etinye aka n'ịkwado nzaghachi mgbochi ọrịa, usoro mgbochi na mkpali na sistemu ụjọ nke etiti, na mgbanwe nke amino acid, tryptophan metabolism, lipids na nucleic acid, na-enye aka na nhazi nke mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara uhie nkịtị, na-edobe a nkịtị larịị nke homocysteine ​​​​n'ime ọbara. Enweghị vitamin B6 ezughị ezu na-esonyere mbelata nke agụụ, mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, mmepe nke homocysteinemia, anaemia.
  • Vitamin PP na-etinye aka na mmeghachi omume redox nke metabolism ike. Enweghi vitamin ezughị oke na-esonyere mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ nkịtị, eriri afọ na usoro ụjọ.
  • Potassium bụ isi intracellular ion na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mmiri, acid na electrolyte itule, na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mkpali akwara na nhazi nrụgide.
  • A na-etinye silicon dị ka ihe nhazi na nhazi nke glycosaminoglycans ma na-akpali njikọ nke collagen.
  • Magnesium na-etinye aka na metabolism ike, njikọ nke protein, nucleic acid, nwere mmetụta na-adịgide adịgide na membranes, ọ dịkwa mkpa iji nọgide na-enwe calcium, potassium na sodium homeostasis. Enweghị magnesium na-eduga na hypomagnesemia, ihe ize ndụ dị ukwuu nke ịmalite ọbara mgbali elu, ọrịa obi.
  • Phosphorus na-etinye aka n'ọtụtụ usoro physiological, gụnyere ike metabolism, na-achịkwa nguzozi acid-base, bụ akụkụ nke phospholipids, nucleotides na nucleic acid, ọ dịkwa mkpa maka ịnweta ọkpụkpụ na ezé. Enweghị ike na-eduga na anorexia, anaemia, rickets.
  • Ígwè bụ akụkụ nke protein dị iche iche, gụnyere enzymes. Na-ekere òkè na mbufe electrons, oxygen, na-eme ka mmeghachi omume redox na-arụ ọrụ na peroxidation. Oriri ezughi oke na-eduga na anaemia hypochromic, ụkọ myoglobin atony nke akwara skeletal, ike ọgwụgwụ, myocardiopathy, atrophic gastritis.
  • Cobalt bụ akụkụ nke vitamin B12. Na-arụ ọrụ enzymes nke fatty acid metabolism na folic acid metabolism.
  • Manganese na-etinye aka na nhazi nke ọkpụkpụ na anụ ahụ jikọtara, bụ akụkụ nke enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke amino acids, carbohydrates, catecholamines; dị mkpa maka njikọ nke cholesterol na nucleotides. Enweghi oriri na-ezuru oke na-esonyere na nkwụsị nke uto, nsogbu na usoro ọmụmụ, ụbara fragility nke ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, nsogbu nke carbohydrate na lipid metabolism.
  • Ọla kọpa bụ akụkụ nke enzymes nwere ọrụ redox ma na-etinye aka na metabolism nke ígwè, na-akpali nnabata nke protein na carbohydrates. Na-ekere òkè na usoro nke inye anụ ahụ nke ahụ mmadụ na oxygen. A na-egosipụta erughi eru site na mmebi nke nhazi usoro obi na ọkpụkpụ, mmepe nke dysplasia anụ ahụ jikọtara.
  • Molybdenum bụ ihe na-akwado ọtụtụ enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke sọlfọ nwere amino acids, purines, na pyrimidine.
  • Selenium bụ ihe dị mkpa nke sistemu agbachitere antioxidant nke ahụ mmadụ, nwere mmetụta immunomodulatory, yana itinye aka na nhazi nke homonụ thyroid. Enweghị ụkọ na-eduga na ọrịa Kashin-Bek (osteoarthritis nwere ọtụtụ nrụrụ nke nkwonkwo, ọkpụkpụ azụ na akụkụ aka), ọrịa Keshan (endemic myocardiopathy), na thrombasthenia eketa.
  • Zinc bụ akụkụ nke ihe karịrị 300 enzymes, na-etinye aka na njikọ na nbibi nke carbohydrates, protein, abụba, nucleic acid na na nhazi nke okwu nke ọtụtụ mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa. Enweghi oriri zuru oke na-eduga na anaemia, ụkọ immunodeficiency nke abụọ, cirrhosis imeju, arụrụ ọrụ mmekọahụ, na mmebi nwa ebu n'afọ. Nnyocha e mere n'oge na-adịbeghị anya ekpughere ikike nke nnukwu doses nke zinc na-akpaghasị nnabata nke ọla kọpa ma si otú a na-enye aka na mmepe nke anaemia.

vitamin B1 - 29.3%, vitamin B5 - 17%, vitamin B6 - 18.9%, vitamin PP - 39%, potassium - 13.5%, silicon - 160%, magnesium - 27%, phosphorus - 46.3 %, ígwè - 30%, cobalt. - 54%, manganese - 188%, ọla kọpa - 47%, molybdenum - 33.7%, selenium - 52.7%, zinc - 23.3%

"val": "13.16",
30.0 mcg
54.5%
25.1%
mejupụtara achịcha ọka wit pulitere:

"val": "198",
- 188 kcal.

abụba - 0% na carbohydrates - 11%.
protein - 13.16 g;

2.3 mg
achịcha ọka wit pulitere - protein, abụba, carbohydrates (BJU)
"val": "1.89",

Achịcha ọka wit pulitere - ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ, uru bara uru

100 g nke achịcha ọka wit pulitere nwere 18% nke protein a chọrọ kwa ụbọchị,
33.9 g
13.2 g
"val": "0.079",
"val": "0.208",
36.5%
18.9%
achịcha ọka wit spruted
72% nke ngụkọta ike kwa ụbọchị.
Achịcha ọka wit pulitere nwere
66.0 mg
"val": "1.25"
dị na achịcha ọka wit pulitere, nke egosiri na tebụl
"val": "0.193",

carbohydrates - 33.88 g,
mmiri - 50.88 g;

19.4%
"val": "66",
176.0 mg
198.0 mg
23.1%
14.9 mg
10.9%
16.5%
33.9 g

Iberibe 2.6
"val": "2.33",
136 kcal.
14.8%
iberibe
"val": "474",
1.1 µg
ash - 2.08 g
"val": "0.34",
"val": "0.233",
"val": "14.9",
"val":"33.88"

474.0 mg
N'ime vitamin na-agbaze abụba na achịcha ọka wit, e nwere beta-carotene, E na K. N'ime vitamin ndị na-edozi mmiri, vitamin B1, B2, B3 (PP), B4 na B6.

"val":"176",

  • ulo
  • Ngwakọta ngwaahịa
  • Nhazi nke ọka, ntụ ọka, onyinye
  • Ngwakọta kemịkalụ "Wheat dị nro, ọka"

Uru dum ọka wit

vitamin B1 - 25.8%, vitamin B5 - 19.1%, vitamin B6 - 18.4%, vitamin PP - 21.5%, potassium - 17.3%, magnesium - 23.3%, phosphorus - 44, 4%, ígwè - 25.3%, manganese - 191.1% , ọla kọpa - 36.3%, zinc - 27.8%

Oka wit dum nwere vitamin na mineral dị ka:

  • Vitamin B1 bụ akụkụ nke enzymes kachasị mkpa nke carbohydrate na ike metabolism, na-enye ahụ ike na ihe plastik, yana metabolism nke amino acids-chain. Enweghị vitamin a na-eduga ná nnukwu nsogbu nke ụjọ, digestive na usoro obi.
  • Vitamin B5 na-etinye aka na protein, abụba, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, njikọ nke ọtụtụ homonụ, hemoglobin, na-akwalite nnabata nke amino acid na sugars n'ime eriri afọ, na-akwado ọrụ nke adrenal cortex. Enweghị pantothenic acid nwere ike ibute mmebi akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ anụ mucous.
  • Vitamin B6 na-etinye aka n'ịkwado nzaghachi mgbochi ọrịa, usoro mgbochi na mkpali na sistemu ụjọ nke etiti, na mgbanwe nke amino acid, tryptophan metabolism, lipids na nucleic acid, na-enye aka na nhazi nke mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara uhie nkịtị, na-edobe a nkịtị larịị nke homocysteine ​​​​n'ime ọbara. Enweghị vitamin B6 ezughị ezu na-esonyere mbelata nke agụụ, mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, mmepe nke homocysteinemia, anaemia.
  • Vitamin PP na-etinye aka na mmeghachi omume redox nke metabolism ike. Enweghi vitamin ezughị oke na-esonyere mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ nkịtị, eriri afọ na usoro ụjọ.
  • Potassium bụ isi intracellular ion na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mmiri, acid na electrolyte itule, na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mkpali akwara na nhazi nrụgide.
  • Magnesium na-etinye aka na metabolism ike, njikọ nke protein, nucleic acid, nwere mmetụta na-adịgide adịgide na membranes, ọ dịkwa mkpa iji nọgide na-enwe calcium, potassium na sodium homeostasis. Enweghị magnesium na-eduga na hypomagnesemia, ihe ize ndụ dị ukwuu nke ịmalite ọbara mgbali elu, ọrịa obi.
  • Phosphorus na-etinye aka n'ọtụtụ usoro physiological, gụnyere ike metabolism, na-achịkwa nguzozi acid-base, bụ akụkụ nke phospholipids, nucleotides na nucleic acid, ọ dịkwa mkpa maka ịnweta ọkpụkpụ na ezé. Enweghị ike na-eduga na anorexia, anaemia, rickets.
  • Ígwè bụ akụkụ nke protein dị iche iche, gụnyere enzymes. Na-ekere òkè na mbufe electrons, oxygen, na-eme ka mmeghachi omume redox na-arụ ọrụ na peroxidation. Oriri ezughi oke na-eduga na anaemia hypochromic, ụkọ myoglobin atony nke akwara skeletal, ike ọgwụgwụ, myocardiopathy, atrophic gastritis.
  • Manganese na-etinye aka na nhazi nke ọkpụkpụ na anụ ahụ jikọtara, bụ akụkụ nke enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke amino acids, carbohydrates, catecholamines; dị mkpa maka njikọ nke cholesterol na nucleotides. Enweghi oriri na-ezuru oke na-esonyere na nkwụsị nke uto, nsogbu na usoro ọmụmụ, ụbara fragility nke ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, nsogbu nke carbohydrate na lipid metabolism.
  • Ọla kọpa bụ akụkụ nke enzymes nwere ọrụ redox ma na-etinye aka na metabolism nke ígwè, na-akpali nnabata nke protein na carbohydrates. Na-ekere òkè na usoro nke inye anụ ahụ nke ahụ mmadụ na oxygen. A na-egosipụta erughi eru site na mmebi nke nhazi usoro obi na ọkpụkpụ, mmepe nke dysplasia anụ ahụ jikọtara.
  • Zinc bụ akụkụ nke ihe karịrị 300 enzymes, na-etinye aka na njikọ na nbibi nke carbohydrates, protein, abụba, nucleic acid na na nhazi nke okwu nke ọtụtụ mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa. Enweghi oriri zuru oke na-eduga na anaemia, ụkọ immunodeficiency nke abụọ, cirrhosis imeju, arụrụ ọrụ mmekọahụ, na mmebi nwa ebu n'afọ. Nnyocha e mere n'oge na-adịbeghị anya ekpughere ikike nke nnukwu doses nke zinc na-akpaghasị nnabata nke ọla kọpa ma si otú a na-enye aka na mmepe nke anaemia.

Nhazi nke uru nri nke ọka n'oge ịkụ ihe.

Nke abụọ na-adọ nke e guzobere nutritional uru nke ọka bụ ndochi agba. Na-emecha nhazi nke nha ọka - obosara ya na ọkpụrụkpụ ya. Na mmalite nke usoro ahụ, a na-enye nri na-arụsi ọrụ ike na ntị; na njedebe, usoro a na-ebelata. Ka ọ na-erule n'etiti oge a, ọrụ nke enzymes na-erute oke, wee malite iji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-ebelata, na ọnụego mgbanwe nke ihe soluble n'ime ihe ndị na-adịghị edozi ahụ na-agbanwekwa; iru mmiri na-agbada ruo 35%. Ihe mkpuchi ndị ahụ na-atụfu chlorophyll ma nweta agba odo. Mmiri endosperm nke nta nke nta na-aghọ viscous, ok, waxy, ya mere a na-akpọ akụkụ nke abụọ oge nke ntozu.

Uru nri nke ọka na-emetụta gburugburu ebe obibi. Na nke mbụ, Lyaskovskiy gosipụtara mmetụta nke mpaghara ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ nke ọka wit na 1865. O mere ka o doo anya na ọka wit a na-akụ na mpaghara Middle na Lower Volga, Ukraine, Northern Kazakhstan, na Western Siberia bụ protein kasị baa ọgaranya. . Mgbe e mesịrị, e gosiri na nchịkọta nke nnukwu protein na ọka na-adabere na nhazi nke ala, ọnụnọ n'ime ya nke ihe dị mkpa, ma ọ bụghị oke mmiri mmiri, ọkụ zuru oke na okpomọkụ (nke kacha mma 20-30'C). ). Mgbakọ nke nri na-egbochi mmiri ozuzo n'oge oge mbụ nke ndochi ọka, mgbe nri na-abanye na ya dị obere arọ molecular, steeti soluble. Carbohydrates soluble na protein, dị ka a pụrụ isi kwuo ya, na-asacha ọka, "mmiri", ọ na-anọgide na-adị ntakịrị, wụsara ya nke ọma. Ya mere, ebe mmiri ozuzo na-ezokarị n'oge a. mepụta ihe ubi nwere protein dị ala. A na-ahụta na a na-eji ihe ọkụkụ dị iche iche mara ihe ọkụkụ ọka. Ihe kacha kwụsie ike bụ rye oyi, mgbe ahụ mmiri bali, oyi na ọka wit.

Mkpụrụ ọka, dị ka a pụrụ ịhụ na tebụl. 1 enweghị ọdịiche dị nkọ na ọnụọgụ ihe dị n'ime ya, mana ejiri ụfọdụ njirimara mara ya. Isi nke membranous kụrụ mgbe mwepụ nke ifuru ịse na usoro nke ọdịnaya nke isi bekee na-abịaru nso kemịkalụ mejupụtara gba ọtọ ọka. Protein bụ ihe kachasị mkpa nke mejupụtara sel ọ bụla dị ndụ. Ọdịnaya ha na ọka, ihe mejupụtara na akụrụngwa na-ekpebi uru teknụzụ na nri nri nke ngwaahịa nhazi ọka.

Nke atọ na-adọ nke guzobe nke nutritional uru nke ọka bụ maturation frasi. Emecha nguzobe nke ihe ubi. Site na mmalite ya, ọkọnọ nke nri na ọka na-ebelata, wee kwụsị. Otú ọ dị, njikọ nke ogige molekụla dị elu na ọnụ ọgụgụ na-emebi emebi na-aga n'ihu ọbụna mgbe owuwe ihe ubi. N'ime oge a, a na-emepụta ụdị agba nke ọka, mmiri ọdịnaya ya na-ebelata ruo 15-18% ma dabere na ọnọdụ ihu igwe, nkwụsi ike na-esiwanye ike. Olu nke ọka nwere ike ibelata ntakịrị, nke na-eduga n'ịkwafu ya na mfu nke akụkụ nke ihe ubi n'oge ọnyà. E guzobela na a na-enweta ntụ ọka kacha mma site na ịcha osisi na njedebe nke ogbo waks nke chara n'onwe, mgbe akụkụ ala nke ị ga-esi na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, na site na ịzọchasị ifufe 4-6 ụbọchị mgbe ịchachachara. N'ime ụbọchị ndị a, akụkụ nke nri ndị sitere na ị ga na-abanyekwa n'ime ọka. nke ọma na-emetụta ọnụọgụ na ogo nke ihe ọkụkụ. Ihe oriri na-edozi ahụ nke ngwaahịa ndị a na-emepụta site na ọka anaghị adịgide adịgide, ma dabere na nri nri.

The nutritional uru nke ọka na ngwaahịa nke nhazi ya kpebisiri ike site chemical mejupụtara, digestibility nke bekee na-etolite ha, na dịgasị dabere na ọtụtụ ihe. Mkpụrụ ọka ọka nke ezinụlọ dị iche iche dị iche iche ọ bụghị naanị na oke nri, kamakwa na ihe mejupụtara ya na ihe onwunwe ha.

Nchịkọta nri na-amalite site na oge pollination nke ovary nke ọka na-agwụ mgbe a na-azọcha ya. The dum oge nke ọka ripening na-conventionally kewara atọ n'ụzọ.

Ngwakọta kemịkalụ, uru nri nke ọka

Akụkụ nke mbụ nke nguzobe nke uru nri nke ọka bụ oke iru mmiri (85 - 65%), oke nke ogige soluble na ọka na-abịa site na akụkụ ndị bụ isi nke photosynthetic - epupụta, ebe sugars, amino acids, fatty acids. kpụrụ site na ogige inorganic (carbon dioxide, mmiri, ịnweta salts) , amides, wdg N'oge a, a na-emepụta ogologo oge nke ọka, n'ihi ya, ọ dị ezigbo mkpa ịnweta oke mmiri na mmiri ịnweta salts na ala. . Ihe ndị na-edozi ahụ na-abanye n'ime ọka n'okpuru ọrụ nke enzymes ji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-emepụta ihe na-emepụta starch, protein, abụba, Otú ọ dị, ọdịnaya nke ọka n'ime oge a bụ mmiri mmiri, dị ka "mmiri ara ehi", n'ihi ya aha ọzọ bụ mmiri ara ehi ogbo. nke mfri eke.

Kedu ihe bara uru ọka wit

  • Vitamin B1 bụ akụkụ nke enzymes kachasị mkpa nke carbohydrate na ike metabolism, na-enye ahụ ike na ihe plastik, yana metabolism nke amino acids-chain. Enweghị vitamin a na-eduga ná nnukwu nsogbu nke ụjọ, digestive na usoro obi.
  • Vitamin B2 na-etinye aka na mmeghachi omume redox, na-abawanye ike nke agba na onye nyocha anya na mmegharị ọchịchịrị. Enweghi vitamin B2 ezughị oke na-esonyere ya na mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, akpụkpọ anụ mucous, ìhè na-adịghị mma na ọhụụ chiobọchị.
  • Vitamin B5 na-etinye aka na protein, abụba, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, njikọ nke ọtụtụ homonụ, hemoglobin, na-akwalite nnabata nke amino acid na sugars n'ime eriri afọ, na-akwado ọrụ nke adrenal cortex. Enweghị pantothenic acid nwere ike ibute mmebi akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ anụ mucous.
  • Vitamin B6 na-etinye aka n'ịkwado nzaghachi mgbochi ọrịa, usoro mgbochi na mkpali na sistemu ụjọ nke etiti, na mgbanwe nke amino acid, tryptophan metabolism, lipids na nucleic acid, na-enye aka na nhazi nke mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara uhie nkịtị, na-edobe a nkịtị larịị nke homocysteine ​​​​n'ime ọbara. Enweghị vitamin B6 ezughị ezu na-esonyere mbelata nke agụụ, mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, mmepe nke homocysteinemia, anaemia.
  • Vitamin E nwere ihe antioxidant, dị mkpa maka ịrụ ọrụ nke gonads, akwara obi, na ọ bụ ihe nkwụsi ike zuru ụwa ọnụ nke membranes cell. Site na ụkọ vitamin E, a na-ahụ hemolysis nke erythrocytes na ọrịa akwara ozi.
  • Magnesium na-etinye aka na metabolism ike, njikọ nke protein, nucleic acid, nwere mmetụta na-adịgide adịgide na membranes, ọ dịkwa mkpa iji nọgide na-enwe calcium, potassium na sodium homeostasis. Enweghị magnesium na-eduga na hypomagnesemia, ihe ize ndụ dị ukwuu nke ịmalite ọbara mgbali elu, ọrịa obi.
  • Phosphorus na-etinye aka n'ọtụtụ usoro physiological, gụnyere ike metabolism, na-achịkwa nguzozi acid-base, bụ akụkụ nke phospholipids, nucleotides na nucleic acid, ọ dịkwa mkpa maka ịnweta ọkpụkpụ na ezé. Enweghị ike na-eduga na anorexia, anaemia, rickets.
  • Ígwè bụ akụkụ nke protein dị iche iche, gụnyere enzymes. Na-ekere òkè na mbufe electrons, oxygen, na-eme ka mmeghachi omume redox na-arụ ọrụ na peroxidation. Oriri ezughi oke na-eduga na anaemia hypochromic, ụkọ myoglobin atony nke akwara skeletal, ike ọgwụgwụ, myocardiopathy, atrophic gastritis.
  • Manganese na-etinye aka na nhazi nke ọkpụkpụ na anụ ahụ jikọtara, bụ akụkụ nke enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke amino acids, carbohydrates, catecholamines; dị mkpa maka njikọ nke cholesterol na nucleotides. Enweghi oriri na-ezuru oke na-esonyere na nkwụsị nke uto, nsogbu na usoro ọmụmụ, ụbara fragility nke ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, nsogbu nke carbohydrate na lipid metabolism.
  • Ọla kọpa bụ akụkụ nke enzymes nwere ọrụ redox ma na-etinye aka na metabolism nke ígwè, na-akpali nnabata nke protein na carbohydrates. Na-ekere òkè na usoro nke inye anụ ahụ nke ahụ mmadụ na oxygen. A na-egosipụta erughi eru site na mmebi nke nhazi usoro obi na ọkpụkpụ, mmepe nke dysplasia anụ ahụ jikọtara.
  • Selenium bụ ihe dị mkpa nke sistemu agbachitere antioxidant nke ahụ mmadụ, nwere mmetụta immunomodulatory, yana itinye aka na nhazi nke homonụ thyroid. Enweghị ụkọ na-eduga na ọrịa Kashin-Bek (osteoarthritis nwere ọtụtụ nrụrụ nke nkwonkwo, ọkpụkpụ azụ na akụkụ aka), ọrịa Keshan (endemic myocardiopathy), na thrombasthenia eketa.
  • Zinc bụ akụkụ nke ihe karịrị 300 enzymes, na-etinye aka na njikọ na nbibi nke carbohydrates, protein, abụba, nucleic acid na na nhazi nke okwu nke ọtụtụ mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa. Enweghi oriri zuru oke na-eduga na anaemia, ụkọ immunodeficiency nke abụọ, cirrhosis imeju, arụrụ ọrụ mmekọahụ, na mmebi nwa ebu n'afọ. Nnyocha e mere n'oge na-adịbeghị anya ekpughere ikike nke nnukwu doses nke zinc na-akpaghasị nnabata nke ọla kọpa ma si otú a na-enye aka na mmepe nke anaemia.

vitamin B1 - 133.3%, vitamin B2 - 38.9%, vitamin B5 - 18.9%, vitamin B6 - 150%, vitamin E - 140%, magnesium - 20,5%, phosphorus - 25%, ígwè - 11,9%, manganese - 92,9%, ọla kọpa - 26.1%, selenium - 77.3%, zinc - 13.8%

ọka wheat bara ụba na vitamin na mineral dị ka:

317.0%
Enweghị vitamin na-agbaze abụba na ọka wit puff. N'ime vitamin B1, B2, B3 (PP), B5, B6 na B9 dị na mmiri.

protein - 14.70 g,
ọka wit puffed nwere
82% nke ngụkọta ike sitere na nri ma ọ bụ
ntụ - 1.50 g.
355.0 mg
mmiri - 3.00 g,
"val": "31.7",
"val": "27" ,
220.6%
"val". ": "1.2"

ọka wit puffed - ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ, uru bara uru

32.0 mcg
45.4%
4.0 mg
"val": "145",
abụba - 1% na carbohydrates - 26%.
1.2 g
2.4 mg
223.8%
Ngwakọta ọka wit puffed:
14.7 g

27.0 mcg
"val": "35.3",
348.0 mg

13.1%
79.6 g
"val":"0.518",
"val":"1.755",

dị na ọka wit puff, a na-egosi na tebụl
50.7%
carbohydrates - 79.60 g,
28.0 mg
21.5%
79.6 g
36.3%
318 kcal.

"val": "0.409",
145.0 mg
31.7 mg

abụba - 1.20 g,

123.1 mcg
25.7%
ọka wit puff - protein, abụba, carbohydrates (BJU)
138.5%
"val": "14.7",
"val": "2.36",
"val": "355",

- 364 kcal.
76.3%
216.7%
7.4%
"val": "348",
35.3 mg .

100 g nke ọka wit nwere 20% nke protein a chọrọ kwa ụbọchị,
19.6%
"val": "2.6",
"val": "123.1",
"val": "79.6",

vitamin B1 - 27.9%, vitamin B5 - 18.7%, vitamin B6 - 21%, vitamin PP - 33.7%, potassium - 17.2%, magnesium - 36%, phosphorus - 63.5%, ígwè - 19.6%, manganese - 150.6%, ọla kọpa. - 55.3%, selenium - 162.5%, zinc - 34.7%

  • Vitamin B1 bụ akụkụ nke enzymes kachasị mkpa nke carbohydrate na ike metabolism, na-enye ahụ ike na ihe plastik, yana metabolism nke amino acids-chain. Enweghị vitamin a na-eduga ná nnukwu nsogbu nke ụjọ, digestive na usoro obi.
  • Vitamin B5 na-etinye aka na protein, abụba, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, njikọ nke ọtụtụ homonụ, hemoglobin, na-akwalite nnabata nke amino acid na sugars n'ime eriri afọ, na-akwado ọrụ nke adrenal cortex. Enweghị pantothenic acid nwere ike ibute mmebi akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ anụ mucous.
  • Vitamin B6 na-etinye aka n'ịkwado nzaghachi mgbochi ọrịa, usoro mgbochi na mkpali na sistemu ụjọ nke etiti, na mgbanwe nke amino acid, tryptophan metabolism, lipids na nucleic acid, na-enye aka na nhazi nke mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara uhie nkịtị, na-edobe a nkịtị larịị nke homocysteine ​​​​n'ime ọbara. Enweghị vitamin B6 ezughị ezu na-esonyere mbelata nke agụụ, mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, mmepe nke homocysteinemia, anaemia.
  • Vitamin PP na-etinye aka na mmeghachi omume redox nke metabolism ike. Enweghi vitamin ezughị oke na-esonyere mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ nkịtị, eriri afọ na usoro ụjọ.
  • Potassium bụ isi intracellular ion na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mmiri, acid na electrolyte itule, na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mkpali akwara na nhazi nrụgide.
  • Magnesium na-etinye aka na metabolism ike, njikọ nke protein, nucleic acid, nwere mmetụta na-adịgide adịgide na membranes, ọ dịkwa mkpa iji nọgide na-enwe calcium, potassium na sodium homeostasis. Enweghị magnesium na-eduga na hypomagnesemia, ihe ize ndụ dị ukwuu nke ịmalite ọbara mgbali elu, ọrịa obi.
  • Phosphorus na-etinye aka n'ọtụtụ usoro physiological, gụnyere ike metabolism, na-achịkwa nguzozi acid-base, bụ akụkụ nke phospholipids, nucleotides na nucleic acid, ọ dịkwa mkpa maka ịnweta ọkpụkpụ na ezé. Enweghị ike na-eduga na anorexia, anaemia, rickets.
  • Ígwè bụ akụkụ nke protein dị iche iche, gụnyere enzymes. Na-ekere òkè na mbufe electrons, oxygen, na-eme ka mmeghachi omume redox na-arụ ọrụ na peroxidation. Oriri ezughi oke na-eduga na anaemia hypochromic, ụkọ myoglobin atony nke akwara skeletal, ike ọgwụgwụ, myocardiopathy, atrophic gastritis.
  • Manganese na-etinye aka na nhazi nke ọkpụkpụ na anụ ahụ jikọtara, bụ akụkụ nke enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke amino acids, carbohydrates, catecholamines; dị mkpa maka njikọ nke cholesterol na nucleotides. Enweghi oriri na-ezuru oke na-esonyere na nkwụsị nke uto, nsogbu na usoro ọmụmụ, ụbara fragility nke ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, nsogbu nke carbohydrate na lipid metabolism.
  • Ọla kọpa bụ akụkụ nke enzymes nwere ọrụ redox ma na-etinye aka na metabolism nke ígwè, na-akpali nnabata nke protein na carbohydrates. Na-ekere òkè na usoro nke inye anụ ahụ nke ahụ mmadụ na oxygen. A na-egosipụta erughi eru site na mmebi nke nhazi usoro obi na ọkpụkpụ, mmepe nke dysplasia anụ ahụ jikọtara.
  • Selenium bụ ihe dị mkpa nke sistemu agbachitere antioxidant nke ahụ mmadụ, nwere mmetụta immunomodulatory, yana itinye aka na nhazi nke homonụ thyroid. Enweghị ụkọ na-eduga na ọrịa Kashin-Bek (osteoarthritis nwere ọtụtụ nrụrụ nke nkwonkwo, ọkpụkpụ azụ na akụkụ aka), ọrịa Keshan (endemic myocardiopathy), na thrombasthenia eketa.
  • Zinc bụ akụkụ nke ihe karịrị 300 enzymes, na-etinye aka na njikọ na nbibi nke carbohydrates, protein, abụba, nucleic acid na na nhazi nke okwu nke ọtụtụ mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa. Enweghi oriri zuru oke na-eduga na anaemia, ụkọ immunodeficiency nke abụọ, cirrhosis imeju, arụrụ ọrụ mmekọahụ, na mmebi nwa ebu n'afọ. Nnyocha e mere n'oge na-adịbeghị anya ekpughere ikike nke nnukwu doses nke zinc na-akpaghasị nnabata nke ọla kọpa ma si otú a na-enye aka na mmepe nke anaemia.

Kedu ihe bara uru durum wheat, ọka

Durum wheat, ọka bara ụba na vitamin na mineral dị ka:

427g325mg2240g7667 Gvitamin B1 24.7%, Vitamin B5 18.7%, Vitamin B6 21%, Vitamin E 22.7%, Vitamin PP 36.5%, Potassium 13%, Silicon 160%, magnesium - 28.5%, phosphorus - 4% - 54%, manganese - 185%, ọla kọpa - 53%, molybdenum - 60%, selenium - 162.5%, chromium - 11%, zinc - 23.4%

57.5 g1.19 g203 mcg52.8 mcg189 g0.52 g530 mcg0.419 mg80 mcg2.5 g21.6 mcg89.4 mcg62 g477 g368 mg162.5%

  • ulo
  • Ngwakọta ngwaahịa
  • Nhazi nke ọka, ntụ ọka, onyinye
  • Chemical mejupụtara "Durum wheat, ọka"

43mcg

Uru nri na ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ "Durum wheat, ọka" .

60.9%

  • Vitamin B1 bụ akụkụ nke enzymes kachasị mkpa nke carbohydrate na ike metabolism, na-enye ahụ ike na ihe plastik, yana metabolism nke amino acids-chain. Enweghị vitamin a na-eduga ná nnukwu nsogbu nke ụjọ, digestive na usoro obi.
  • Vitamin B5 na-etinye aka na protein, abụba, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, njikọ nke ọtụtụ homonụ, hemoglobin, na-akwalite nnabata nke amino acid na sugars n'ime eriri afọ, na-akwado ọrụ nke adrenal cortex. Enweghị pantothenic acid nwere ike ibute mmebi akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ anụ mucous.
  • Vitamin B6 na-etinye aka n'ịkwado nzaghachi mgbochi ọrịa, usoro mgbochi na mkpali na sistemu ụjọ nke etiti, na mgbanwe nke amino acid, tryptophan metabolism, lipids na nucleic acid, na-enye aka na nhazi nke mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara uhie nkịtị, na-edobe a nkịtị larịị nke homocysteine ​​​​n'ime ọbara. Enweghị vitamin B6 ezughị ezu na-esonyere mbelata nke agụụ, mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ, mmepe nke homocysteinemia, anaemia.
  • Vitamin E nwere ihe antioxidant, dị mkpa maka ịrụ ọrụ nke gonads, akwara obi, na ọ bụ ihe nkwụsi ike zuru ụwa ọnụ nke membranes cell. Site na ụkọ vitamin E, a na-ahụ hemolysis nke erythrocytes na ọrịa akwara ozi.
  • Vitamin PP na-etinye aka na mmeghachi omume redox nke metabolism ike. Enweghi vitamin ezughị oke na-esonyere mmebi nke ọnọdụ akpụkpọ ahụ nkịtị, eriri afọ na usoro ụjọ.
  • Potassium bụ isi intracellular ion na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mmiri, acid na electrolyte itule, na-etinye aka na nhazi nke mkpali akwara na nhazi nrụgide.
  • A na-etinye silicon dị ka ihe nhazi na nhazi nke glycosaminoglycans ma na-akpali njikọ nke collagen.
  • Magnesium na-etinye aka na metabolism ike, njikọ nke protein, nucleic acid, nwere mmetụta na-adịgide adịgide na membranes, ọ dịkwa mkpa iji nọgide na-enwe calcium, potassium na sodium homeostasis. Enweghị magnesium na-eduga na hypomagnesemia, ihe ize ndụ dị ukwuu nke ịmalite ọbara mgbali elu, ọrịa obi.
  • Phosphorus na-etinye aka n'ọtụtụ usoro physiological, gụnyere ike metabolism, na-achịkwa nguzozi acid-base, bụ akụkụ nke phospholipids, nucleotides na nucleic acid, ọ dịkwa mkpa maka ịnweta ọkpụkpụ na ezé. Enweghị ike na-eduga na anorexia, anaemia, rickets.
  • Ígwè bụ akụkụ nke protein dị iche iche, gụnyere enzymes. Na-ekere òkè na mbufe electrons, oxygen, na-eme ka mmeghachi omume redox na-arụ ọrụ na peroxidation. Oriri ezughi oke na-eduga na anaemia hypochromic, ụkọ myoglobin atony nke akwara skeletal, ike ọgwụgwụ, myocardiopathy, atrophic gastritis.
  • Cobalt bụ akụkụ nke vitamin B12. Na-arụ ọrụ enzymes nke fatty acid metabolism na folic acid metabolism.
  • Manganese na-etinye aka na nhazi nke ọkpụkpụ na anụ ahụ jikọtara, bụ akụkụ nke enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke amino acids, carbohydrates, catecholamines; dị mkpa maka njikọ nke cholesterol na nucleotides. Enweghi oriri na-ezuru oke na-esonyere na nkwụsị nke uto, nsogbu na usoro ọmụmụ, ụbara fragility nke ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, nsogbu nke carbohydrate na lipid metabolism.
  • Ọla kọpa bụ akụkụ nke enzymes nwere ọrụ redox ma na-etinye aka na metabolism nke ígwè, na-akpali nnabata nke protein na carbohydrates. Na-ekere òkè na usoro nke inye anụ ahụ nke ahụ mmadụ na oxygen. A na-egosipụta erughi eru site na mmebi nke nhazi usoro obi na ọkpụkpụ, mmepe nke dysplasia anụ ahụ jikọtara.
  • Molybdenum bụ ihe na-akwado ọtụtụ enzymes na-etinye aka na metabolism nke sọlfọ nwere amino acids, purines, na pyrimidine.
  • Selenium bụ ihe dị mkpa nke sistemu agbachitere antioxidant nke ahụ mmadụ, nwere mmetụta immunomodulatory, yana itinye aka na nhazi nke homonụ thyroid. Enweghị ụkọ na-eduga na ọrịa Kashin-Bek (osteoarthritis nwere ọtụtụ nrụrụ nke nkwonkwo, ọkpụkpụ azụ na akụkụ aka), ọrịa Keshan (endemic myocardiopathy), na thrombasthenia eketa.
  • Chromium na-etinye aka na nhazi nke ọkwa glucose ọbara, na-eme ka ọrụ insulin dịkwuo elu. Enweghị ike na-eduga na mbelata nnabata glucose.
  • Zinc bụ akụkụ nke ihe karịrị 300 enzymes, na-etinye aka na njikọ na nbibi nke carbohydrates, protein, abụba, nucleic acid na na nhazi nke okwu nke ọtụtụ mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa. Enweghi oriri zuru oke na-eduga na anaemia, ụkọ immunodeficiency nke abụọ, cirrhosis imeju, arụrụ ọrụ mmekọahụ, na mmebi nwa ebu n'afọ. Nnyocha e mere n'oge na-adịbeghị anya ekpughere ikike nke nnukwu doses nke zinc na-akpaghasị nnabata nke ọla kọpa ma si otú a na-enye aka na mmepe nke anaemia.

1.04 g4.9 mg2.81 mg

Njirimara bara uru DURUM WHEAT, ọka

57.5 g 0.37 g 441 g 304 kcal 0.935 mg 1570 µg ike uru Durum wheat, ọka bụ 304 kcal.

304 kcal53% 52.6% 54.5g

durum wheat, ọka

ọdịnaya calorie 304 kcal, ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ, uru nri, vitamin, mineral, ihe bara uru Durum wheat, ọka, kalori, nri, ihe bara uru Durum wheat, ọka

5,5mcg

ọka, ọka, durum

Methionine + cysteine

0,37g

25%

Abụba anaghị achịkọta ọnụ:

0,35g

2%

Nauyasis Nevezhis, oho!, Nri ụtụtụ akọrọ, ọka wheat na mmanụ aṅụ, 250g

ude pasteurized sitere na mmiri ara ehi, nnu isi nri iodized, (na mgbakwunye nke: potassium iodate, ihe mgbakwunye nri: mgbochi-caking na clumping agent: potassium ferrocyanide)};

 

Mmetụta na ahụ

Asthma na ike iku ume

Ọgba aghara anya / mgbakasị anya

Ọrịa Celiac (ọrịa gluten)

Na-egbochi / ịtọhapụ Histamine

Ihe omume nke etuto cancer

Mmetụta na salicylates (aspirin, wdg)

Mmebi mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa na anụmanụ

Mmebi nke sistemu obi

Nemiroff, Ọpụrụiche Vodka "Nemirovsky Ukrainian Wheat ahọpụtara", 40% ABV, 0.5l

Protein:

13g

22%

Phenylalanine + Tyrosine

1.04g

37%

 

Nauyasis Nevezhis, oho!, Nri ụtụtụ akọrọ, ọka wheat na mmanụ aṅụ, 250g

50% ọka wit puff,
chymosin),

Aspartic acid

0.68g

16:1 Palmitoleic

0.01g

mmanụ oriri, mmanụ aṅụ eke 2.5%,

Polyunsaturated abụba:

1.01g

5%

acidity regulator: citric acid),
iji: utoojoo, ihe mgbakwunye nri: calcium chloride; nkwadebe enzyme nke sitere na anụmanụ: pepsin,
mmanya ethyl rectified sitere na akụrụngwa nri Lux, mmanya aromatic nke rye-wheat bread crackers, sugar sirop, mmanya na-esi ísì ụtọ nke mmanụ clary sage dị mkpa; Mmanya: 40% vol;

Contraindicated na ụmụaka na ndị nọ n'afọ iri na ụma n'okpuru afọ 18,

shuga, fructose-glucose sirop,

Uru ike:

304 kcal

% iri na ise

Glutamic acid

3.68g

Savushkin, "101 ọka + ude", cheese ụlọ, 5%, 350g

ngwakọta nke vitamin, ekpomeekpo yiri eke: vanillin;

Nemiroff, Ọpụrụiche Vodka "Nemirovsky Ukrainian Wheat ahọpụtara", 40% ABV, 0.5l

mmiri ọñụnụ edoziziri,
mmanụ aṅụ arụrụ arụ: (sugar, ekpomeekpo yiri nke eke: mmanụ aṅụ,

Abụba:

2.5g

% anọ

imeju na akụkụ ndị ọzọ digestive;

Savushkin, "101 ọka + ude", cheese ụlọ, 5%, 350g

amaghị; {nke sitere na: cheese cheese: (mmiri ara ehi a na-amịpụta pasteurized,
mpụta malt, emulsifier: (soy) lecithin, nnu,
cinnamon,

Ọdịnaya nke kemịkalụ dị iche iche dị n'akụkụ anatomical nke ọka ọka wit dịgasị iche iche.

Ọka ọka wit nwekwara ọtụtụ macro- na microelements dị mkpa maka ahụ mmadụ (phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sọlfọ, calcium, silicon, chlorine, sodium, manganese, zinc, aluminum, copper, fluorine, titanium, molybdenum, nickel, chromium). , cobalt).

Uru ike bụ ọnụọgụ ike (Kcal, kJ) ewepụtara n'ime ahụ site na ihe oriri iji hụ na ọrụ physiological ya [25].

 

Ụbọchị: 2015-09-20; ele: 2368; Mmebi ikike nwebiisinka

Ebe mbụ na ihe mejupụtara ọka wit bụ site na phosphorus (n'ihe banyere ọnụọgụ ya, ọka wit karịrị ọka, ọka bali, rye, peas na buckwheat). Nke a dị mkpa macronutrient, nke bụ akụkụ nke ọkpụkpụ, mọzụlụ, anụ ahụ ụjọ na eze enamel nke mmadụ, na-arụ ọrụ dị mkpa na metabolism ume, na-akwalite nnabata calcium kacha mma ma dị mkpa maka ịrụ ọrụ nke ọma na nhazi nke sistem ụjọ.

Endosperm nke ọka wit nwere isi ihe na-edozi ahụ n'ụdị nchekwa carbohydrates na protein. N'ụzọ dị iche iche, starch na-ebutekarị ya, ọdịnaya nke ya ruru 80% site na ibu. The protein bekee nke wheat endosperm, nọchiri anya tumadi site gliadin na glutenin, dị iche iche budata si na-edozi ahụ nke akụkụ ndị ọzọ nke ọka ma si otú chọpụta bara uru nkà na ụzụ Njirimara nke ntụ ọka. Ọtụtụ n'ime endosperm

Nri uru nke ọka wit

Na ngwakọta nke ọka wit - ihe dị ka 70% carbohydrates, site na 10% ruo 20% protein, 2.3% abụba, 2.5% fiber (pasent nke nri na ọka wit nwere ike ịdị iche dabere na ụdị ọka a).

Dị ka ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ si kwuo, ọka wit so n'ìgwè nke akụrụngwa inine starchy, ebe ọ bụ na starch buru ibu n'ime ha.

Oka wit bụ ụdị ahịhịa ahịhịa, nke na-abụkarị kwa afọ, osisi nke Cereals ma ọ bụ ezinụlọ Bluegrass.

Mkpụrụ osisi na mkpuchi mkpụrụ bụ nnukwu ọdịnaya nke eriri na hemicelluloses, nke na-enye ha ike ọrụ dị mkpa. Ihe ndị dị na mineral na uwe mkpụrụ osisi ruru 4% n'ịdị arọ, na uwe mkpụrụ - ruo 20%. Ọdịnaya nke ịnweta ihe ndị dị na mkpuchi mkpụrụ nwere ike ruo 20%, dabere na usoro nkewa nke shells. Ọdịnaya nke ihe nitrogen bụ ihe na-adịghị mkpa yana sitere na 2.5% ruo 6%.

Uru oriri na-edozi ahụ bụ echiche nke na-egosipụta n'ụzọ zuru oke nke ihe bara uru nke ngwaahịa ahụ, gụnyere ogo nke ngwaahịa a na-enye mkpa anụ ahụ nke anụ ahụ na isi ihe oriri na ume. A na-eji uru ihe oriri na-edozi ahụ bụ ihe mejupụtara ngwaahịa ahụ, ya bụ, ọdịnaya nke protein, abụba, carbohydrates, mineral, vitamin, na ihe ndị ọzọ na-arụ ọrụ ndụ na ya. A na-egosipụta uru nke ihe oriri na-edozi ahụ site n'ịchọpụta pasent nke afọ ojuju nke ọ bụla n'ime ihe ndị dị mkpa dị mkpa maka nkezi mkpa mmadụ maka nri na ume.

 

Embrayo dịkwa kpọmkwem na nhazi ya. A na-eji ya nwere nnukwu ọdịnaya nke sugars, protein, lipids na salts mineral. Tinyere nke a, ọ nwere ọtụtụ ihe na-arụ ọrụ ndụ - vitamin na enzymes. Dị nnọọ ka shells nke ọka tozuru okè, enweghị starch bụ njirimara nke nje.

N'ihe banyere calorie, ọka wit karịrị ọka ọka ndị a ma ama, gụnyere rye, barley na ọka.

A na-ewu ya site na sel ndị nwere mgbidi, na nke a, ọdịnaya nke eriri, hemicelluloses na ihe ash dị na ha dị ntakịrị [6].

The mejupụtara nke ọka wit na-dịiche site a elu ọdịnaya nke sọlfọ, manganese, ọla kọpa, zinc na ayodiin (n'usoro nke ego nke ndị a mineral, ọka wit karịrị ya isi ọka "ndị asọmpi" - ọka bali na rye). Sulfur bụ isi ihe na-ewu ụlọ maka akpụkpọ ahụ, ntutu isi, na mbọ ma dị mkpa maka ịrụ ọrụ pancreatic kwesịrị ekwesị. Manganese, nke bụ akụkụ nke imeju na ọkpụkpụ ọkpụkpụ, na-enyere aka ịmịnye vitamin A, E, PP, na-akpali usoro hematopoiesis, na-ewusi mgbidi nke akwara ike, na-echebe ha pụọ ​​​​na atherosclerosis. Ọla kọpa dị mkpa ka ahụ mmadụ nwee ike ịmịnye ígwè nke ọma ma guzogide ọrịa nke ọma. A chọrọ Zinc iji kpalie usoro ọmụmụ na usoro nhazi ọbara. Iodine, nke na-ahụ maka ịrụ ọrụ nke ọma nke gland thyroid, dị mkpa maka uto kwesịrị ekwesị na nzụlite uche [21].


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