National Peoples Army nke GDR

National Peoples Army nke GDR

 

N'ezie, akụkọ ihe mere eme nke National People's Army nke GDR malitere mgbe West Germany malitere ịmepụta ndị agha nke ya. Ndị Soviet Union n'afọ ndị agha gasịrị, gbasoro ụkpụrụ udo dị ukwuu karịa ndị mmegide ya n'Ebe Ọdịda Anyanwụ. Ya mere, ruo ogologo oge USSR chọrọ ịgbaso nkwekọrịta ahụ ma ọ dịghị ngwa ngwa iji ogwe aka East Germany. Dị ka ị maara, dị ka mkpebi nke Conference nke ndị isi nke Gọọmenti Great Britain, USSR na USA, mere July 17 - August 2, 1945 na Potsdam, Germany amachibidoro inwe ndị agha nke ya. Ma mgbe Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ biri, mmekọrịta dị n'etiti ndị mmekọ ụnyaahụ - USSR n'otu aka, United States na Great Britain n'akụkụ nke ọzọ - malitere ịka njọ ngwa ngwa ma ghọọ nnukwu nsogbu. Mba ndị isi obodo na ogige ndị na-elekọta mmadụ hụrụ onwe ha na njedebe nke ọgụ ọgụ, bụ nke nyere n'ezie ihe ndabere maka imebi nkwekọrịta ndị e mere na usoro nke imeri Nazi Germany. Ka ọ na-erule 1949, e guzobere Federal Republic of Germany na mpaghara mpaghara America, British na French, yana German Democratic Republic na mpaghara mpaghara Soviet ọrụ. Ndị mbụ weghaara akụkụ "ha" nke Germany - FRG - bụ Great Britain, USA na France. na mpaghara nke Soviet mpaghara nke ọrụ - German Democratic Republic. Ndị mbụ weghaara akụkụ "ha" nke Germany - FRG - bụ Great Britain, USA na France. na mpaghara nke Soviet mpaghara nke ọrụ - German Democratic Republic. Ndị mbụ weghaara akụkụ "ha" nke Germany - FRG - bụ Great Britain, USA na France.

Na 1954, e mechara nkwekọrịta Paris, akụkụ nzuzo nke nyere maka ịmepụta ndị agha West Germany. N'agbanyeghị mkpesa nke West German bi, bụ nke hụrụ uto nke revanchist na militaristic mmetụta na nwughari nke mba agha na-atụ egwu ọhụrụ agha, na November 12, 1955, German ọchịchị mara ọkwa e kere nke Bundeswehr. Otú a ka akụkọ ihe mere eme nke West German agha malitere na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke fọrọ nke nta undisguised esemokwu n'etiti "Germans abụọ" na ubi nke nchekwa na ngwa agha. Mgbe mkpebi nke ịmepụta Bundeswehr, Soviet Union enweghị nhọrọ ma ọ bụghị "inye ụzọ n'ihu" na nhazi nke ndị agha ya na German Democratic Republic. Akụkọ ihe mere eme nke National People's Army nke GDR aghọwo ihe atụ pụrụ iche nke ọchịchị ndị agha siri ike nke ndị agha Russia na German, onye n'oge gara aga na-alụ ọgụ karịa ibe ya karịa imekọ ihe ọnụ. Echefula na ikike ịlụ ọgụ dị elu nke NNA bụ n'ihi na Prussia na Saxony, ala nke ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ German si na ya pụta, ghọrọ akụkụ nke GDR. Ọ na-apụta na ọ bụ NNA, ọ bụghị Bundeswehr, ketara ọdịnala akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ndị agha German ruo n'ókè dị ukwuu, ma a na-etinye ahụmahụ a na ọrụ nke ndị agha imekọ ihe ọnụ n'etiti GDR na Soviet Union.

Afọ iri isii kemgbe mmalite nke National People's Army nke GDR

Barracks People's Police - onye bu ụzọ nke NPA

Ekwesiri ighota na n'ezie okike nke ndi agha agha, oru nke dabere na ịdọ aka ná ntị agha, malitere na GDR ọbụna na mbụ. Na 1950, e kere ndị uwe ojii ndị mmadụ dị ka akụkụ nke Ministry of Interior of the GDR, yana ngalaba abụọ - Main Directorate of Air Police na Main Directorate of Marine Police. Na 1952, na ndabere nke Main Directorate of Combat Training of People's Police of the GDR, e kere ndị uwe ojii Barracks, nke bụ ihe atụ nke ndị agha ime obodo nke Soviet Union. Dị ka o kwesịrị ịdị, ndị KNP enweghị ike ime agha megide ndị agha ọgbara ọhụrụ ma kpọkuokwa ya ka ha rụọ ọrụ naanị ndị uwe ojii - ịlụ ọgụ megide ndị omekome na ndị na-apụnara mmadụ ihe, gbasasịa ọgbaghara, na ichekwa usoro ọha. E gosipụtara nke a site na mkpebi nke 2nd Party Conference of Socialist Unity Party nke Germany. Ndị uwe ojii Barracks People nọ n'okpuru Minista nke ime ime nke GDR, Willy Shtof, na onye isi nke CNP na-ahụ maka ndị uwe ojii Barracks. A họpụtara Lieutenant General Heinz Hoffmann ka ọ bụrụ ọkwa a. Ndị ọrụ nke Barracks People's Police bụ ndị e weere n'ọrụ n'etiti ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo bụ ndị bịanyere aka na nkwekọrịta maka oge dịkarịa ala afọ atọ. Na May 1952, Union of Free German Youth weghaara ndị uwe ojii Barracks People's of the Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR, bụ nke nyere aka mee ka ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo na-abata n'ọkwa ndị uwe ojii nke ogige ahụ ma kwalite ọnọdụ azụ. akụrụngwa nke ọrụ a. N'August 1952, ndị uwe ojii Naval People's ndị uwe ojii na ndị uwe ojii ikuku nke ndị mmadụ ghọrọ akụkụ nke ndị uwe ojii Barracks People's nke GDR. Ndị uwe ojii ikuku nke ndị mmadụ na Septemba 1953 ka agbanwere ka ọ bụrụ Directorate nke KNP Aeroclubs. Ọ nwere ọdụ ụgbọ elu abụọ Kamenz na Bautzen, ụgbọ elu ọzụzụ Yak-18 na Yak-11. Ndị uwe ojii Maritime People's nwere ụgbọ ndị nche na obere ndị na-egwupụta ogbunigwe.

N'oge okpomọkụ nke 1953, ọ bụ ndị uwe ojii Barracks, tinyere ndị agha Soviet, mere otu n'ime ọrụ ndị bụ isi n'ịkwụsị ọgba aghara nke ndị ọrụ America-British haziri. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, e wusiri ike n'ime ụlọ ndị uwe ojii Barracks People's Police nke GDR ma wusie akụkụ ndị agha ya ike. Nhazigharị ọzọ nke KNP na ụdị ndị agha gara n'ihu, ọkachasị, e mepụtara isi ụlọ ọrụ General nke Barracks People's Police nke GDR, nke Lieutenant General Vinzenz Müller, onye bụbu onye isi Wehrmacht bụ onye isi ya. Ọzọkwa, e kere Territorial Administration "North" nke Major General Herman Rensch na Territorial Administration "South" nke Major General Fritz Jone na-edu. Ọchịchị mpaghara ọ bụla nọ n'okpuru ngalaba ọrụ atọ, na otu ndị ọrụ eji arụ ọrụ mechanized nọ n'okpuru ndị ọrụ General. nke ji ọbụna ụgbọ ala 40 agha, gụnyere tankị T-34. Ndị uwe ojii na-arụ ọrụ nke Barracks People's gbasiri ike ka ndị agha ụmụaka nwere moto nwere ndị ọrụ ruru 1,800. Nhazi nke nhazi ọrụ gụnyere: 1) isi ụlọ ọrụ nke ọrụ; 2) ụlọ ọrụ mechanized na ụgbọ ala ndị agha BA-64 na SM-1 na ọgba tum tum (otu ụlọ ọrụ ahụ ji ụgbọ mmiri mmiri agha SM-2); 3) ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọ ala atọ nwere ụgbọala (na gwongworo); 4) ụlọ ọrụ na-akwado ọkụ (mpaghara ogbunigwe ogbunigwe nwere egbe ZIS-3 atọ; mgbochi tankị ogbunigwe nwere atọ 45 mm ma ọ bụ 57 mm mgbochi tank egbe; ngwa agha platoon nwere atọ 82 mm ngwa agha); 5) ụlọ ọrụ isi ụlọ ọrụ (platon nkwukọrịta, injinia platoon, platoon kemịkalụ, platoon nlegharị anya, platoon ụgbọ njem, platoon ọkọnọ, ngalaba nlekọta, ngalaba ahụike). Na Barracks People's Police, e hiwere ọkwa ndị agha ma webata uwe ndị agha nke dị iche na uwe ndị uwe ojii People's Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR (ọ bụrụ na ndị uwe ojii ndị mmadụ na-eyi uwe ojii na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, mgbe ahụ, ndị uwe ojii na-ahụ maka ndị agha nọ n'ogige ndị agha. natara uwe "agha" ọzọ nke agba nchebe). E hiwere ọkwa ndị agha na Barracks People's Police dị ka ndị a: 1) onye agha, 2) corporal, 3) onye na-abụghị onye ọrụ, 4) onye ọrụ na-abụghị onye ọrụ, 5) sergeant major, 6) onyeisi ndị uwe ojii, 7) onye na-abụghị onye ọrụ. -onye isi ọrụ, 8) onyeisi ndị agha, 9) onyeisi ndị agha, 10) onyeisi ndị agha, 11) onyeisi ndị agha, 12) lieutenant colonel, 13) colonel, 14) onyeisi ndị agha, 15) lieutenant General. Mgbe e mere mkpebi ịmepụta National People's Army nke GDR. Ọtụtụ puku ndị ọrụ nke Barracks People's Police nke Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR kwupụtara ọchịchọ ịbanye na National People's Army ma nọgide na-eje ozi ebe ahụ. Ọzọkwa, n'ezie, ọ bụ n'ime Barracks People's Police ka e kere "skeleton" nke NPA - ala, ikuku na ụgbọ mmiri, na ndị ọrụ iwu nke ndị uwe ojii Barracks, gụnyere ndị isi ọchịagha, fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ akụkụ zuru oke nke ụlọ ọrụ ahụ. NPA. Ndị ọrụ nke fọdụrụ na Barracks People's Police nọgidere na-arụ ọrụ nke ichebe ọha na eze na ịlụso mpụ ọgụ, ya bụ, ha jigidere ọrụ nke ndị agha ime obodo. ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ gafere na NNA. Ndị ọrụ ndị fọdụrụ na Barracks People's Police nọgidere na-arụ ọrụ nke ichebe ọha na eze na ịlụso mpụ ọgụ, ya bụ, ha jigidere ọrụ nke ndị agha ime obodo. ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ gafere na NNA. Ndị ọrụ nke fọdụrụ na Barracks People's Police nọgidere na-arụ ọrụ nke ichebe ọha na eze na ịlụso mpụ ọgụ, ya bụ, ha jigidere ọrụ nke ndị agha ime obodo.

"Ndị nna tọrọ ntọala" nke GDR Army

Na Machị 1, 1956, Ministry of National Defense nke GDR malitere ọrụ ya. Ọ bụ Colonel General Willy Shtof (1914-1999), na 1952-1955. jere ozi dị ka Minista nke ime obodo. Onye ọchịchị Kọmunist nwere ahụmahụ tupu agha, Willy Stof sonyeere ndị Kọmunist German mgbe ọ dị afọ 17. N'ịbụ onye ọrụ n'okpuru ala, ya, n'agbanyeghị, enweghị ike izere ọrụ na Wehrmacht na 1935-1937. jere ozi n'ọgbọ agha. Mgbe ahụ, a chụpụrụ ya ma rụọ ọrụ dị ka onye injinia. N'oge Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ, a kpọrọ Willy Shtof ọzọ maka ọrụ agha, sonye na agha na mpaghara USSR, merụrụ ahụ ma nye ya Iron Cross maka ike ya. Ọ gara n’agha ahụ dum ma tụọ ya mkpọrọ na 1945. Mgbe ọ nọ n’otu onye mkpọrọ Soviet n’ogige agha, ọ gara ọzụzụ pụrụ iche n’ụlọ akwụkwọ ndị mkpọrọ na-emegide ndị ọchịchị Facist.
Willi Stof, bụ́ onye na-enwebughị ọkwá a ma ama na òtù ndị Kọmunist Germany, rụrụ ọrụ na-agba agba n'afọ ndị agha biri. Mgbe a tọhapụrụ ya n'agha, a họpụtara ya onye isi nke ngalaba ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe na ihe owuwu, wee bụrụ onye isi na Ngalaba Amụma Akụ na ụba nke ngwa SED. N'afọ 1950-1952 Willy Stof jere ozi dị ka onye isi ngalaba na-ahụ maka akụ na ụba nke Council of Minister nke GDR, wee bụrụ onye minista nke ime ime GDR. Ebe ọ bụ na 1950, ọ bụkwa onye so na Central Committee nke SED - na nke a n'agbanyeghị na ọ dị obere - afọ iri atọ na ise. Na 1955, dị ka Minister nke Interior nke GDR, Willy Shtof natara agha ọkwá nke Colonel General. N'iburu n'uche ahụmahụ nke iduzi ozi ike, na 1956, e kpebiri ịhọpụta Willy Shtof ka ọ bụrụ Minista nke National Defence nke German Democratic Republic. N'afọ 1959 ọ natara ọkwa agha ọzọ nke General of the Army. Lieutenant-General Heinz Hoffmann, onye jere ozi na Ministry of Internal Affairs dị ka onye isi nke Barracks People's Police of Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR, sikwa na Ministry of Internal Affairs gaa na Ministry of National Defence nke GDR.

Enwere ike ịkpọ Heinz Hoffmann (1910-1985) "nna tọrọ ntọala" nke abụọ nke National People's Army nke GDR, ma e wezụga Willy Stoff. N'ịbụ onye sitere n'ezinụlọ ndị na-arụ ọrụ, Hoffmann sonyeere Òtù Ndị Ntorobịa Kọmunist nke Germany mgbe ọ dị afọ iri na isii, ma mgbe ọ dị afọ iri abụọ, ọ ghọrọ onye òtù Communist Party nke Germany. Na 1935, a manyere onye ọrụ nọ n'okpuru ala Heinz Hoffmann ịhapụ Germany ma gbaga USSR. N'ebe a, a họọrọ ya maka agụmakwụkwọ - nke mbụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na International Lenin School na Moscow, na mgbe ahụ agha. Nọvemba 1936 ruo February 1837 Hoffmann gara ọmụmụ ihe pụrụ iche na Ryazan na Military Academy. M.V. Frunze. Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ, ọ natara ọkwa nke onye isi na ugbua na March 17, 1937, e zigara ya Spain, bụ ebe n'oge ahụ agha obodo na-aga n'etiti Republicans na Francoists. A họpụtara Lieutenant Hoffman ka ọ bụrụ onye nkuzi na njikwa ngwa agha Soviet na battalion ọzụzụ nke 11th International Brigade. Na May 27, 1937, a họpụtara ya onye isi ndị agha nke "Hans Beimler" battalion n'otu 11th International Brigade, na July 7 ọ ghọrọ onye isi nke ndị agha. N'echi ya, Hoffmann merụrụ ahụ na ihu, na July 24, na ụkwụ na afọ. Na June 1938, Hoffmann, bụ onye a na-agwọbu n'ụlọ ọgwụ dị na Barcelona, ​​​​esi na Spen pụọ, buru ụzọ gaa France na mgbe ahụ na USSR. Mgbe ntiwapụ nke agha ahụ gasịrị, ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onye ntụgharị okwu n'ogige ndị mkpọrọ nke agha, wee ghọọ onye isi ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na Spaso-Zavodsky onye mkpọrọ-agha na Kazakh SSR. Eprel 1942 ruo Eprel 1945 Hoffmann jere ozi dị ka onye nkuzi na onye nkuzi ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na Central Anti-Fascist School Site na Eprel ruo Disemba 1945, ọ bụ onye nkuzi.

Mgbe ọ laghachiri East Germany na Jenụwarị 1946, Hoffmann rụrụ ọrụ n'ọnọdụ dị iche iche na SED ngwa. Na July 1, 1949, n'ọkwa onye nleba anya n'ozuzu, ọ ghọrọ osote onye isi oche nke Ngalaba ime obodo German, na site na Eprel 1950 ruo June 1952, Heinz Hoffmann jere ozi dị ka onye isi nke Main Directorate for Combat Training of Ministry of Ihe gbasara ime nke GDR. Na Julaị 1, 1952, a họpụtara ya onye isi nke ndị uwe ojii Barracks People's Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR na osote onye minista nke ime ime obodo. N'ihi ihe doro anya, a họọrọ Heinz Hoffmann mgbe etinyere ya na onye isi nke Ministry of National Defence nke GDR na 1956. E mekwara ka nke a dị mfe site na December 1955 ruo Nọvemba 1957. Hoffman gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Academy Military nke General Staff nke USSR Armed Forces. Ọlaghachiri n’ala nna ya, Disemba 1, 1957 Hoffmann ka a họpụtara onye mbụ osote onye isi nke National Defence nke GDR, na na Machị 1, 1958, bụrụkwa onye isi nke General Staff nke National People's Army nke GDR. N'ikpeazụ, na July 14, 1960, Colonel-General Heinz Hoffmann nọchiri Willi Stoff dị ka Minista nke National Defence nke GDR. General nke ndị agha (ebe 1961) Heinz Hoffmann onye isi ngalaba ndị agha nke German Democratic Republic ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ na 1985 afọ iri abụọ na ise.

Onye isi ndị isi ọrụ NNA site na 1967 ruo 1985. nọgidere Colonel General (ebe 1985 - Army General) Heinz Kessler (amụrụ 1920). N'ịbụ onye sitere na ezinụlọ nke ndị ọrụ Kọmunist, Kessler n'oge ọ bụ nwata kere òkè na ọrụ nke òtù ndị ntorobịa nke Communist Party nke Germany, Otú ọ dị, dị ka ọnụ ọgụgụ ka ukwuu nke ndị ọgbọ ya, ọ gbanarịghị oku na Wehrmacht. Dị ka onye enyemaka igwe egbe, ezigara ya na Eastern Front na ugbua na July 15, 1941, ọ gbapụrụ n'akụkụ nke Red Army. N'afọ 1941-1945. Kessler nọ na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị Soviet. Na njedebe nke 1941, ọ banyere na ọmụmụ nke Anti-Fascist School, mgbe ahụ na-etinye aka na mgbasa ozi omume n'etiti ndị mkpọrọ nke agha na-edegara ndị agha nke nọ n'ọrụ Wehrmacht agha. N'afọ 1943-1945. Ọ bụ onye so na National Committee "Free Germany". Mgbe a tọhapụrụ ya na ndọrọ n'agha wee laghachi Germany. Kessler na 1946, mgbe ọ dị afọ 26, ghọrọ onye so na Kọmitii Central nke SED na na 1946-1948. Onye isi na nzukọ nke ndị ntorobịa German efu na Berlin. Na 1950, a họpụtara ya onye isi nke Main Directorate nke Air Police nke Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR na ọkwa nke onye nyocha izugbe ma nọgide na post a ruo 1952, mgbe a họpụtara ya onye isi nke Air People's Police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR (ebe 1953 - onye isi nke Flying Clubs Directorate nke Barracks People's Police Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR). Enyere ọkwa nke Major General Kessler na 1952 - na nhọpụta nke onye isi ndị uwe ojii ikuku. Site na September 1955 ruo August 1956 ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ na Air Force Military Academy na Moscow. Mgbe ọ gụchara akwụkwọ ya, Kessler laghachiri na Germany wee họpụta ya na Septemba 1, 1956, osote Minister nke National Defence nke GDR - Ọchịagha nke NNA Air Force. Ọnwa Iri 1, 1959 e nyere ya ọkwa agha nke lieutenant general. Kessler jigidere ọkwa a afọ iri na otu - ruo mgbe a họpụtara ya dịka onye isi ndị ọrụ izugbe nke NPA. Na Disemba 3, 1985, mgbe Ọchịagha General Karl-Heinz Hoffmann nwụsịrị, Colonel General Heinz Kessler họpụtara Minista nke National Defence nke GDR wee nọgide na post a ruo 1989. Mgbe Germany dasịrị, na Septemba 16, 1993 , Ụlọikpe Berlin mara Heinz Kessler ikpe ịga mkpọrọ ọkara afọ asaa.

N'okpuru nduzi nke Willy Shtof, Heinz Hoffmann, ndị isi ndị ọzọ na ndị isi, na-arụsi ọrụ ike nke ndị agha Soviet iwu, iwu na mmepe nke National People's Army nke GDR malitere, nke ghọrọ ngwa ngwa n'ime ndị kasị ọgụ-njikere mgbe. Ndị agha Soviet n'etiti ndị agha nke mba Warsaw Pact. Onye ọ bụla na-etinye aka na ọrụ na Eastern Europe na 1960-1980s kwuru ọkwa ọzụzụ dị elu nke ukwuu, na nke kachasị mkpa bụ omume nke ndị agha NPA na-atụnyere ndị otu ha sitere na ndị agha nke obodo ndị ọzọ. Ọ bụ ezie na na mbụ ọtụtụ ndị isi na ọbụna ndị ọchịagha nke Wehrmacht, bụ ndị bụ nanị ndị ọkachamara n'agha na mba ahụ n'oge ahụ, bụ ndị a kpọbatara na National People's Army nke GDR. Ndị uwe ojii nke NPA ka dị nnọọ iche na ndị uwe ojii nke Bundeswehr. Ndị ọchịagha Nazi mbụ adịbeghị ọtụtụ n'ime ya na, nke kachasị mkpa, anọghị n'ọnọdụ ndị bụ isi. E mepụtara usoro agụmakwụkwọ agha, n'ihi ya, ọ ga-ekwe omume ịzụ ndị ọrụ ọhụrụ ngwa ngwa, ruo 90% nke sitere na ndị ọrụ na ezinụlọ ndị ọrụ ugbo.

N'ihe banyere ọgụ ọgụ n'etiti "Soviet bloc" na mba ndị dị n'Ebe Ọdịda Anyanwụ, e nyere ndị agha mba nke GDR ọrụ dị mkpa na nke siri ike. Ọ bụ NNA ga-etinye aka na ọgụ megide usoro Bundeswehr yana, yana otu ndị agha Soviet, hụ na ọ ga-aga n'ihu na mpaghara West Germany. Ọ bụghị ihe ndaba na NATO weere NPA dị ka otu n'ime isi na ndị iro dị ize ndụ. Ịkpọasị maka National People's Army nke GDR mechara metụta àgwà n'ebe ndị ọchịagha mbụ ya na ndị isi ya nọ na Germany dị n'otu.

Ndị agha kacha dịrị njikere ọgụ na Eastern Europe

E kewara German Democratic Republic na mpaghara ndị agha abụọ - South Military District (MB-III) nke dị na Leipzig, na Northern Military District (MB-V) nke dị na Neubrandenburg. Na mgbakwunye, National People's Army nke GDR gụnyere otu ogbunigwe brigade nke Central subordination. Mpaghara ndị agha ọ bụla gụnyere ngalaba abụọ nwere moto, otu ngalaba agha na otu brigade ngwa ọgụ. Nkewa moto nke NNA nke GDR gụnyere n'ime ihe mejupụtara ya: 3 motorized regiments, 1 armored regiment, 1 artillery regiment, 1 anti-aircraft missile regiment, 1 ngalaba ogbunigwe, 1 engineer battalion, 1 ihe nkwado battalion, otu batalion ọcha, 1 batalion nchedo kemịkal. Nkewa a na-ebu agha gụnyere ndị agha mgbagha 3, ndị agha moto 1, ndị agha ogbunigwe 1, Otu agha ngwa agha mgbochi ụgbọ elu, otu batalion injinia, otu batalion nkwado ihe, otu batalion nchebe kemịkalụ, otu batalion ọgwụ, otu batalion nyocha, otu ngalaba ngwa agha. Ndị agha ogbunigwe ahụ gụnyere ngalaba ngwa agha 2-3, ụlọ ọrụ injinia 1, ụlọ ọrụ logistics 1, batrị meteorological 1, ụlọ ọrụ ndozi 1. Ndị agha ogbunigwe ahụ gụnyere ngalaba ogbunigwe anọ, ụlọ ọrụ nrụzi 1 na ụlọ ọrụ nkwado ihe 1. Ndị agha ụgbọ elu NPA gụnyere ngalaba ikuku 2, nke ọ bụla n'ime ha gụnyere 2-4 iku squadrons, 1 anti-aircraft missile brigade, 2 anti-arcraft missile regiments, 3-4 radio engineering battalions. Ndị agha ogbunigwe ahụ gụnyere ngalaba ngwa agha 2-3, ụlọ ọrụ injinia 1, ụlọ ọrụ logistics 1, batrị meteorological 1, ụlọ ọrụ ndozi 1. Ndị agha ogbunigwe ahụ gụnyere ngalaba ogbunigwe anọ, ụlọ ọrụ nrụzi 1 na ụlọ ọrụ nkwado ihe 1. Ndị agha ụgbọ elu NPA gụnyere ngalaba ikuku 2, nke ọ bụla n'ime ha gụnyere 2-4 iku squadrons, 1 anti-aircraft missile brigade, 2 anti-arcraft missile regiments, 3-4 radio engineering battalions. Ndị agha ogbunigwe ahụ gụnyere ngalaba ngwa agha 2-3, ụlọ ọrụ injinia 1, ụlọ ọrụ logistics 1, batrị meteorological 1, ụlọ ọrụ ndozi 1. Ndị agha ogbunigwe ahụ gụnyere ngalaba ogbunigwe anọ, ụlọ ọrụ nrụzi 1 na ụlọ ọrụ nkwado ihe 1. Ndị agha ụgbọ elu NPA gụnyere ngalaba ikuku 2, nke ọ bụla n'ime ha gụnyere 2-4 iku squadrons, 1 anti-aircraft missile brigade, 2 anti-arcraft missile regiments, 3-4 radio engineering battalions.

Akụkọ banyere ndị agha mmiri nke GDR malitere na 1952, mgbe e kere nkeji nke ndị uwe ojii Naval dị ka akụkụ nke Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR. N'afọ 1956, ụgbọ mmiri na ndị ọrụ nke ndị uwe ojii Naval People's Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR batara na National People's Army, na ruo 1960, a na-akpọ ha ndị agha Naval nke GDR. Rear Admiral Felix Scheffler (1915-1986) ghọrọ ọchịagha mbụ nke ndị agha mmiri GDR. Onye bụbu onye ahịa ụgbọ mmiri, malite na 1937, o jere ozi na Wehrmacht, ma ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ozugbo, na 1941, ndị Soviet weghaara ya, bụ́ ebe ọ nọrọ ruo 1947. N’ịbụ ndị a dọọrọ n’agha, o sonyeere Kọmitii Mba nke Free Germany. Mgbe o si na ndọrọ n'agha lọta, ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka odeakwụkwọ nke Rector nke Karl Marx Higher Party School, wee sonye na ndị uwe ojii naval, ebe a họpụtara ya onye isi nke ndị ọrụ nke Main Directorate nke Naval Police nke Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR. . Ọktoba 1, 1952 ọ natara ọkwá nke n'azụ admiral. site na 1955 ruo 1956 jere ozi dịka ọchịagha ndị uwe ojii Naval People. Mgbe e guzobechara Ministry of National Defence nke GDR na March 1, 1956, ọ kwagara n'ọkwa ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri GDR wee jide ọkwa a ruo December 31, 1956. Mgbe e mesịrị, ọ nwere ọtụtụ ọkwa dị mkpa na GDR. Onye isi ụgbọ mmiri, bụ onye na-ahụ maka ọzụzụ ọzụzụ nke ndị ọrụ, mgbe ahụ maka akụrụngwa na ngwa agha, wee lara ezumike nka na 1975 site na ọkwa osote onye isi ụgbọ mmiri maka ngwa agha. Vice-Admiral Waldemar Ferner (1914-1982), onye bụbu onye Kọmunist n'okpuruala nke hapụrụ Nazi Germany na 1935, na mgbe ọ laghachiri na GDR, onye isi isi Directorate nke ndị uwe ojii Naval, nọchiri Felix Scheffler dị ka ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri GDR. Site na 1952 ruo 1955 Ferner jere ozi dị ka onye ọchịagha nke ndị uwe ojii Naval People nke Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR, nke gbanwere ghọọ isi Directorate nke ndị uwe ojii Naval. Site na Jenụwarị 1, 1957 ruo July 31, 1959, o nyere ndị agha mmiri nke GDR iwu, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, site na 1959 ruo 1978. jere ozi dị ka onye isi nke isi ngalaba ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke National People's Army nke GDR. N'afọ 1961, ọ bụ Waldemar Ferner bụ onye mbụ na GDR ka e nyere ya ọkwa nke Admiral - ọkwa kachasị elu nke ndị agha mmiri nke mba ahụ. Onye ọchịagha kacha ogologo oge nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR (dịka a na-akpọ GDR Navy kemgbe 1960) bụ Rear Admiral (mgbe ahụ Vice Admiral na Admiral) Wilhelm Eim (1918-2009). Onye bụbu onye mkpọrọ nke agha nke kwadoro USSR, Eim laghachiri na Germany mgbe agha gasịrị ma mee ngwa ngwa ọrụ oriri. Na 1950 ọ malitere na-eje ozi na Main Directorate nke Naval Police nke Ministry of Internal Affairs nke GDR - mbụ dị ka a nkwukọrịta ọrụ, na mgbe ahụ dị ka osote onye isi ndị ọrụ na onye isi nke nzukọ ngalaba. N'afọ 1958-1959. Wilhelm Eim bụ onye na-ahụ maka ọrụ logistics nke ndị agha mmiri GDR. N'August 1, 1959, a họpụtara ya ka ọ bụrụ onyeisi ndị agha mmiri nke East German, mana site na 1961 ruo 1963. gụrụ akwụkwọ na Naval Academy na USSR. Mgbe o si Soviet Union lọta, Rear Admiral Heinz Norkirchen, onye na-achị ọchịagha, nyekwaara Wilhelm Eim ohere ọzọ. Aim jere ozi dị ka ọchịagha ruo 1987.

Na 1960, a nakweere aha ọhụrụ - ndị agha mmiri. Ndị agha mmiri nke GDR ghọrọ ndị agha kachasị njikere mgbe ndị agha mmiri Soviet nke mba Warsaw Pact gasịrị. E kere ha na-eburu n'uche mgbagwoju anya mmiri mmiri Baltic - ka emechara, naanị oke osimiri nke GDR nwere ike ịbanye bụ Oké Osimiri Baltic. Ọdịmma dị ala nke nnukwu ụgbọ mmiri maka ịrụ ọrụ na-eduga n'ịdị elu nke ụgbọ mmiri torpedo na ngwa ngwa ngwa ngwa, ụgbọ mmiri mgbochi ụgbọ mmiri, obere ụgbọ mmiri ogbunigwe, ụgbọ mmiri mgbochi na mgbochi ogbunigwe, na ụgbọ mmiri na-agbada na ndị agha mmiri nke GDR. GDR nwere ụgbọ elu ụgbọ mmiri siri ike, nke nwere ụgbọ elu na helikopta. Ndị agha mmiri nke ndị mmadụ kwesịrị idozi, nke mbụ, ọrụ nke ichebe ụsọ oké osimiri nke mba ahụ, ịlụso ndị iro agha ụgbọ mmiri na ogbunigwe agha, ịdakwasị ndị agha ọgụ. nkwado nke ndị agha ala n'ụsọ oké osimiri. Ndị ọrụ Volksmarine nwere ihe dị ka ndị agha 16,000. Ndị agha mmiri GDR ji ọgụ ọgụ 110 na ụgbọ mmiri na ụgbọ mmiri enyemaka 69, helikopta ụgbọ mmiri 24 (16 Mi-8 na 8 Mi-14), ndị agha 20 Su-17. Iwu nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR dị na Rostock. Ndị na-esonụ structural nkeji nke ndị agha mmiri nọ n'okpuru ya: 1) flotilla na Peenemünde, 2) flotilla na Rostock - Warnemünde, 3) flotilla na Dransk, 4) Naval School. Karl Liebknecht na Stralsund, 5) Ụlọ Akwụkwọ Naval. Walter Steffens na Stralsund, 6) Waldemar Werner Coastal Missile Regiment na Gelbenzand, 7) Kurt Barthel Naval Combat Helicopter Squadron na Parow, 8) Paul Wiszorek Naval Aviation Squadron na Lag, 9) Johann Vesolek Signal Regiment na Böhlendorf

Ruo 1962, National People's Army of the GDR e dechara site na-ewe ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo, nkwekọrịta e kwubiri maka oge nke afọ atọ. Ya mere, maka afọ isii, NPA nọgidere bụrụ nanị ndị agha ọkachamara n'etiti ndị agha nke mba ndị na-elekọta mmadụ. Ọ bụ ihe kwesịrị ịrịba ama na ewebata ndebanye aha maka ọrụ agha na GDR afọ ise ka e mesịrị karịa na onye isi obodo FRG (ebe ahụ ndị agha gbanwere site na nkwekọrịta gaa na ndenye aha na 1957). Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke NPA dịkwa ala na Bundeswehr - site na 1990, mmadụ 175,000 na-eje ozi na ọkwa nke NPA. Akwụghachi ụgwọ nchekwa nke GDR site na ọnụnọ na obodo nke nnukwu ndị agha Soviet - ZGV / GSVG (Western Group of Forces / Group of Soviet Forces na Germany). Emere ọzụzụ nke ndị ọrụ NPA na Friedrich Engels Military Academy, Wilhelm Pieck Higher Military-Political School, ụlọ ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ ndị agha pụrụ iche nke ndị agha. A na-ewebata usoro ndị agha na-adọrọ mmasị na National People's Army nke GDR, na-emeghachite ọkwa Wehrmacht ochie, ma akụkụ nwere ihe nrịbama doro anya sitere na usoro agha nke Soviet Union. The hierarchy nke agha n'ọkwá na GDR anya dị ka nke a (analogues nke ọkwá na Volksmarine - ndị mmadụ n'Òtù Ndị Agha Mmiri e nyere na brackets): I. Generals (admiral): 1) Marshal nke GDR - aha mgbe e kenyere na omume; 2) General of the Army (Admiral of the Fleet) - n'ime ndị agha ala, a na-enye ọkwa ahụ n'aka ndị isi, na ndị agha mmiri, ọ dịghị mgbe a na-enye ọkwa ahụ n'ihi ọnụ ọgụgụ dị nta nke Volksmarine; 3) Colonel General (Admiral); 4) Lieutenant General (Vice Admiral); 5) Major General (Rear Admiral); II. Ndị ọrụ: 6) Colonel (Captain zur Lee); 7) Lieutenant Colonel ( Captain Frigate); 8) Nnukwu (onyeisi ndị Corvette); 9) Captain (Lieutenant Captain); 10) Oberleutnant (Oberlieutenant zur Lee); 11) Lieutenant (Lieutenant zur See); 12) Unter-lieutenant (Unter-lieutenant zur See); III. Fenrichs (nke yiri akara ndị Russia): 13) Ober-Staff-Fenrich (Ober-Stabs-Fenrich); 14) Isi ụlọ ọrụ Fenrich (Ndị ọrụ Fenrich); 15) Ober-fenrich (Ober-fenrich); 16) Fenrich (Fenrich); IV Sergeants: 17) Onye ọrụ Sergeant Major (Onye ọrụ Obermeister); 18) Ober-sergent major (Ober-meister); 19) Feldwebel (Meister); 20) Unter sergeant major (Obermat); 21) Onye ọrụ na-abụghị onye ọrụ (Mat); V. Ndị agha / ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri: 22) Headquarters corporal (onye isi ụlọ ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri); 23) Corporal (Ober-sailor); 24) Onye agha (Sailor). Alaka ọ bụla nke ndị agha nwekwara agba nke ya kpọmkwem na nsọtụ nke eriri ubu. Maka ndị isi nke alaka niile nke ndị agha, ọ bụ uhie uhie, ụgbọ ala ụgbọ ala - ọcha, ogbunigwe, roket na ikuku agbachitere nkeji - brik, ndị agha agha - pink, ndị agha ọdịda - oroma, ndị agha mgbaàmà - odo, ndị agha na-ewu agha - oliv, ndị agha injinia, ndị agha kemịkalụ, topographical na ọrụ ụgbọ njem - ojii, ngalaba azụ, ikpe ndị agha na ọgwụ. - ọchịchịrị akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ; ụgbọ elu (ụgbọ elu) - acha anụnụ anụnụ, ndị agha ngwa agha mgbochi ụgbọ elu nke ikuku - isi awọ, mmiri mmiri - acha anụnụ anụnụ, ọrụ ókè - akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ.

Ọdịnihu dị mwute nke NPA na ndị agha ya

N'ihi ezi ihe kpatara ya, a pụrụ ịkpọ German Democratic Republic ka ọ bụrụ enyi kacha kwesị ntụkwasị obi nke USSR na Eastern Europe. National People's Army nke GDR nọgidere na-alụ ọgụ-njikere mgbe Soviet agha nke Warsaw Pact ruo ọgwụgwụ nke 1980s. N'ụzọ dị mwute, akara aka nke ma GDR na ndị agha ya gbanwere nke ọma. East Germany kwụsịrị ịdị adị n'ihi amụma nke "ịdị n'otu nke Germany" na omume kwekọrọ na akụkụ Soviet. N'ezie, e nyere GDR naanị na Federal Republic of Germany. Onye ozi ikpeazụ nke National Defence nke GDR bụ Admiral Theodor Hofmann (amụrụ 1935). Ọ bụlarị ọgbọ ọhụrụ nke ndị isi nke GDR, bụ ndị natara akwụkwọ agha na ụlọ akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ ndị agha nke mba ahụ. Na May 12, 1952, Hoffmann banyere ọrụ dị ka onye na-akwọ ụgbọ mmiri na Naval People's Police of the GDR. N'afọ 1952-1955, ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ na Officer School of the Naval People's Police na Stralsund, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, e kenyere ya ọrụ onye ọrụ ọzụzụ ọgụ na 7th Flotilla nke GDR Navy, wee bụrụ onye isi nke ụgbọ mmiri torpedo. gụrụ akwụkwọ na Naval Academy na USSR. Mgbe o si na Soviet Union lọta, ọ nọ n'ọkwá dị iche iche na Volksmarine: Deputy Commander na Chief of Staff of 6th Flotilla, Commander of the 6th Flotilla, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Navy for Operations, Deputy Commander of the Navy. na onye isi nke ọzụzụ ọgụ. Site na 1985 ruo 1987 Rear Admiral Hofmann jere ozi dị ka onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR, na na 1987-1989. - Ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR na osote Minister nke Defence nke GDR. Na 1987, Hoffman e nyere ndị agha ọkwá nke Vice Admiral, na 1989. na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defense nke GDR - Admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha.

The Ministry of Defense and Disarmament e kere mgbe na GDR, n'okpuru nrụgide sitere na Soviet Union, ebe Mikhail Gorbachev anọwo na-achị ogologo oge, mgbanwe malitere nke na-emetụtakwa ndị agha. Na March 18, 1990, a họpụtara Minister nke Nchebe na Disarmament - ọ bụ 47 afọ Rainer Eppelman, a dissident na pastọ na otu n'ime evangelical parishes nke Berlin. N'oge ntorobịa ya, Eppelman jere ozi ọnwa 8 n'ụlọ mkpọrọ maka ịjụ ije ozi na National People's Army nke GDR, wee nweta agụmakwụkwọ ime mmụọ na site na 1975 ruo 1990. jere ozi dị ka onye ụkọchukwu. Na 1990, ọ ghọrọ onye isi oche nke Democratic Breakthrough Party na n'ikike a họpụtara ya na People's Chamber of GDR, ma bụrụkwa onye minista nchekwa na mgbagha.

N'October 3, 1990, ihe omume mere eme mere - Federal Republic of Germany na German Democratic Republic jikọtara ọnụ. Otú ọ dị, n'ezie, nke a abụghị nchikota, kama na nsonye nke ókèala GDR na FRG, na mbibi nke nhazi usoro nke dị na socialist oge na ndị agha nke ya. Ndị agha mba nke GDR, n'agbanyeghị ọkwa ọzụzụ dị elu, etinyeghị na Bundeswehr. Ndị ọchịchị Jamanị tụrụ ụjọ na ndị ọchịagha na ndị isi NPA nọgidere na-enwe echiche ndị Kọmunist, n’ihi ya, e mere mkpebi ka a kwasasịa n’ezie National People’s Army nke GDR. Naanị ndị ọrụ nzuzo na ndị na-abụghị ndị ọrụ agha ka ezigara ije ozi na Bundeswehr. Ndị ọrụ agha oge niile enwechaghị nke ọma. Ndị isi niile, ndị isi, ndị isi, fenrichs na ndị na-abụghị ndị ọrụ nke cadre a chụrụ n'ọrụ agha. Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ndị a chụrụ n'ọrụ - 23155 ndị ​​ọrụ na 22549 ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ. Ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị onye ọ bụla n'ime ha mere ka eweghachite ya na ọrụ na Bundeswehr, a na-achụpụ ihe ka ukwuu n'ime ha - na ọrụ agha anaghị agụta ha ma n'ogologo ọrụ na agha, ma ọ bụ ọbụna n'ogologo ọrụ obodo. Naanị 2.7% nke ndị ọrụ NPA na ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ nwere ike ịga n'ihu na-eje ozi na Bundeswehr (ọtụtụ n'ime ha bụ ndị ọkachamara na-ahụ maka nkà na ụzụ nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ Soviet ngwá ọrụ, bụ ndị gara na FRG mgbe German jikọtara ọnụ), ma ha nwetara ọkwa dị ala karịa ndị ha yi. na National People's Army - Germany jụrụ ịnakwere ọkwa ndị agha nke NNA. Ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị onye ọ bụla n'ime ha mere ka eweghachite ya na ọrụ na Bundeswehr, a na-achụpụ ihe ka ukwuu n'ime ha - na ọrụ agha anaghị agụta ha ma n'ogologo ọrụ na agha, ma ọ bụ ọbụna n'ogologo ọrụ obodo. Naanị 2.7% nke ndị ọrụ NPA na ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ nwere ike ịga n'ihu na-eje ozi na Bundeswehr (ọtụtụ n'ime ha bụ ndị ọkachamara na-ahụ maka nkà na ụzụ nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ Soviet ngwá ọrụ, bụ ndị gara na FRG mgbe German jikọtara ọnụ), ma ha nwetara ọkwa dị ala karịa ndị ha yi. na National People's Army - Germany jụrụ ịnakwere ọkwa ndị agha nke NNA. Ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị onye ọ bụla n'ime ha mere ka eweghachite ya na ọrụ na Bundeswehr, a na-achụpụ ihe ka ukwuu n'ime ha - na ọrụ agha anaghị agụta ha ma n'ogologo ọrụ na agha, ma ọ bụ ọbụna n'ogologo ọrụ obodo. Naanị 2.7% nke ndị ọrụ NPA na ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ nwere ike ịga n'ihu na-eje ozi na Bundeswehr (ọtụtụ n'ime ha bụ ndị ọkachamara na-ahụ maka nkà na ụzụ nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ Soviet ngwá ọrụ, bụ ndị gara na FRG mgbe German jikọtara ọnụ), ma ha nwetara ọkwa dị ala karịa ndị ha yi. na National People's Army - Germany jụrụ ịnakwere ọkwa ndị agha nke NNA.

Ndị agha agha nke National People's Army nke GDR, hapụrụ na-enweghị ụgwọ ezumike nka na-eburu n'uche ahụmahụ agha, a manyere ịchọ ọrụ dị ala na obere nkà. Ndị otu aka nri nke FRG megidekwara ikike ha iyi uwe agha nke National People's Army - ndị agha nke "steeti totalitarian", dị ka GDR na-eme atụmatụ na Germany nke oge a. N'ihe gbasara akụrụngwa agha, a tụfuru ma ọ bụ ree ihe ka n'ọnụ ọgụgụ ná mba nke atọ. Ya mere, ụgbọ mmiri ọgụ na ụgbọ mmiri nke Volksmarine e rere Indonesia na Poland, ụfọdụ e zigara Latvia, Estonia, Tunisia, Malta, Guinea-Bissau. Nchikota nke Germany emeghị ka ọ ghara imebi ya. Ruo ugbu a, ndị agha America nọ na mpaghara Germany, ndị otu Bundeswehr na-ekerekwa òkè ugbu a na ọgụ ọgụ gburugburu ụwa - dịka ndị agha nchekwa udo,

Ugbu a, ọtụtụ ndị bụbu ndị ọrụ nke National People's Army nke GDR bụ ndị òtù ọha na eze vetiran soja na-etinye aka n'ichebe ikike nke ndị ọrụ mbụ na ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ NPA, yana ọgụ megide ịkatọ na ịkatọ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke GDR. na National People's Army. N'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 2015, na nsọpụrụ nke iri asaa ncheta nke Great Victory, ihe karịrị 100 generals, admirals na ndị isi ọrụ nke National People's Army nke GDR bịanyere aka n'akwụkwọ ozi - mkpesa "Ndị agha maka Udo", nke ha dọrọ aka ná ntị Western. mba megidere amụma nke esemokwu na-arịwanye elu na ụwa nke oge a na esemokwu na Russia. "Anyị achọghị mkpasu iwe agha megide Russia, kama nghọta na ịdị n'otu. Anyị achọghị ịdabere na agha na United States, kama ọrụ nke anyị maka ụwa, "mkpesa ahụ kwuru.
Kpọmkwem afọ iri isii gara aga, na Jenụwarị 18, 1956, e mere mkpebi ka e mepụta National People's Army nke German Democratic Republic (NNA GDR). Ọ bụ ezie na a na-eme ememe March 1 dị ka ụbọchị nke National People's Army, ebe ọ bụ n'ụbọchị a na 1956 ka ndị agha mbụ nke GDR ṅụrụ iyi, n'ezie, akụkọ ihe mere eme nke NPA nwere ike ịgụ site na Jenụwarị 18. mgbe ndị mmadụ Chamber nke GDR nakweere Iwu na National People's Army nke GDR. N'ịbụ ndị dị adị ruo afọ 34, ruo mgbe njikọta nke Germany na 1990, National People's Army nke GDR gbadara n'akụkọ ihe mere eme dị ka otu n'ime ndị agha kachasị njikere nke Europe mgbe agha gasịrị. N'etiti mba ndị na-elekọta mmadụ, ọ bụ nke abụọ na-esote Soviet Army n'ihe gbasara ọzụzụ ma bụrụ ndị a pụrụ ịdabere na ya n'etiti ndị agha nke mba Warsaw Pact.

Heinz Kessler - onye ndu ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na onye agha nke GDR, otu n'ime ndị isi ọrụ kachasị elu nke National People's Army nke GDR, na 1985-1989 Minister nke National Defense of the GDR, General of the Army (1985).

N'ihi ezi ihe kpatara ya, a pụrụ ịkpọ German Democratic Republic ka ọ bụrụ enyi kacha kwesị ntụkwasị obi nke USSR na Eastern Europe. National People's Army nke GDR nọgidere na-alụ ọgụ-njikere mgbe Soviet agha nke Warsaw Pact ruo ọgwụgwụ nke 1980s. N'ụzọ dị mwute, akara aka nke ma GDR na ndị agha ya gbanwere nke ọma. East Germany kwụsịrị ịdị adị n'ihi amụma nke "ịdị n'otu nke Germany" na omume kwekọrọ na akụkụ Soviet.

N'ezie, e nyere GDR naanị na Federal Republic of Germany. Onye ozi ikpeazụ nke National Defence nke GDR bụ Admiral Theodor Hofmann (amụrụ 1935). Ọ bụlarị ọgbọ ọhụrụ nke ndị isi nke GDR, bụ ndị natara akwụkwọ agha na ụlọ akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ ndị agha nke mba ahụ. Na May 12, 1952, Hoffmann banyere ọrụ dị ka onye na-akwọ ụgbọ mmiri na Naval People's Police of the GDR. N'afọ 1952-1955, ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ na Officer School of the Naval People's Police na Stralsund, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, e kenyere ya ọrụ onye ọrụ ọzụzụ ọgụ na 7th Flotilla nke GDR Navy, wee bụrụ onye isi nke ụgbọ mmiri torpedo. gụrụ akwụkwọ na Naval Academy na USSR. Mgbe ọ laghachiri na Soviet Union, o nwere ọtụtụ ọrụ iwu na Volksmarine: osote ọchịagha na onyeisi ndị ọrụ nke 6th flotilla, ọchịagha nke 6th flotilla. Osote onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha mmiri maka arụmọrụ, osote onye isi ndị agha mmiri na onye isi ọzụzụ ọzụzụ ọgụ. Site na 1985 ruo 1987 Rear Admiral Hofmann jere ozi dị ka onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR, na na 1987-1989. - Ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR na osote Minister nke Defence nke GDR. Na 1987, Hoffmann e nyere ndị agha n'ọkwá nke Vice Admiral, na 1989, na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defence nke GDR - admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha. Onye osote onye isi ndị agha mmiri na onye isi ọzụzụ ọgụ. Site na 1985 ruo 1987 Rear Admiral Hofmann jere ozi dị ka onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR, na na 1987-1989. - Ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR na osote Minister nke Defence nke GDR. Na 1987, Hoffmann e nyere ndị agha n'ọkwá nke Vice Admiral, na 1989, na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defence nke GDR - admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha. Onye osote onye isi ndị agha mmiri na onye isi ọzụzụ ọgụ. Site na 1985 ruo 1987 Rear Admiral Hofmann jere ozi dị ka onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR, na na 1987-1989. - Ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR na osote Minister nke Defence nke GDR. Na 1987, Hoffmann e nyere ndị agha n'ọkwá nke Vice Admiral, na 1989, na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defence nke GDR - admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha. Rear Admiral Hofmann jere ozi dị ka onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR, na na 1987-1989. - Ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR na osote Minister nke Defence nke GDR. Na 1987, Hoffmann e nyere ndị agha n'ọkwá nke Vice Admiral, na 1989, na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defence nke GDR - admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha. Rear Admiral Hofmann jere ozi dị ka onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR, na na 1987-1989. - Ọchịagha nke ndị agha mmiri nke GDR na osote Minister nke Defence nke GDR. Na 1987, Hoffmann e nyere ndị agha n'ọkwá nke Vice Admiral, na 1989, na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defence nke GDR - admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha. na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defense nke GDR - Admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha. na nhọpụta na post nke Minister nke National Defense nke GDR - Admiral. Mgbe e wepụrụ Ministry of National Defense nke GDR na Eprel 18, 1990 wee dochie anya Ministry of Defence na Disarmament, nke onye ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị onye kwuo uche Rainer Eppelmann, Admiral Hofmann, na-eduzi, ruo Septemba 1990, jere ozi dị ka onye nnyemaaka Minister na ọchịagha- Onye isi ndị agha mba GDR. Mgbe a gbasasịrị NPA, a chụrụ ya n'ọrụ agha.

The Ministry of Defense and Disarmament e kere mgbe na GDR, n'okpuru nrụgide sitere na Soviet Union, ebe Mikhail Gorbachev anọwo na-achị ogologo oge, mgbanwe malitere nke na-emetụtakwa ndị agha. Na March 18, 1990, a họpụtara Minister nke Nchebe na Disarmament - ọ bụ 47 afọ Rainer Eppelman, a dissident na pastọ na otu n'ime evangelical parishes nke Berlin. N'oge ntorobịa ya, Eppelman jere ozi ọnwa 8 n'ụlọ mkpọrọ maka ịjụ ije ozi na National People's Army nke GDR, wee nweta agụmakwụkwọ ime mmụọ na site na 1975 ruo 1990. jere ozi dị ka onye ụkọchukwu. Na 1990, ọ ghọrọ onye isi oche nke Democratic Breakthrough Party na n'ikike a họpụtara ya na People's Chamber of GDR, ma bụrụkwa onye minista nchekwa na mgbagha.

N'October 3, 1990, ihe omume mere eme mere - Federal Republic of Germany na German Democratic Republic jikọtara ọnụ. Otú ọ dị, n'ezie, nke a abụghị nchikota, kama na nsonye nke ókèala GDR na FRG, na mbibi nke nhazi usoro nke dị na socialist oge na ndị agha nke ya. Ndị agha mba nke GDR, n'agbanyeghị ọkwa ọzụzụ dị elu, etinyeghị na Bundeswehr. Ndị ọchịchị Jamanị tụrụ ụjọ na ndị ọchịagha na ndị isi NPA nọgidere na-enwe echiche ndị Kọmunist, n’ihi ya, e mere mkpebi ka a kwasasịa n’ezie National People’s Army nke GDR. Naanị ndị ọrụ nzuzo na ndị na-abụghị ndị ọrụ agha ka ezigara ije ozi na Bundeswehr. Ndị ọrụ agha oge niile enwechaghị nke ọma.Ndị isi niile, ndị isi, ndị isi, Fenrikhs na ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ nke cadre ka chụpụrụ n'ọrụ agha. Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ndị a chụrụ n'ọrụ - 23155 ndị ​​ọrụ na 22549 ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ. Ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị onye ọ bụla n'ime ha mere ka eweghachite ya na ọrụ na Bundeswehr, a na-achụpụ ihe ka ukwuu n'ime ha - na ọrụ agha anaghị agụta ha ma n'ogologo ọrụ na agha, ma ọ bụ ọbụna n'ogologo ọrụ obodo. Naanị 2.7% nke ndị ọrụ NPA na ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ nwere ike ịga n'ihu na-eje ozi na Bundeswehr (ọtụtụ n'ime ha bụ ndị ọkachamara na-ahụ maka nkà na ụzụ nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ Soviet ngwá ọrụ, bụ ndị gara na FRG mgbe German jikọtara ọnụ), ma ha nwetara ọkwa dị ala karịa ndị ha yi. na National People's Army - Germany jụrụ ịnakwere ọkwa ndị agha nke NNA.

Ndị agha agha nke National People's Army nke GDR, hapụrụ na-enweghị ụgwọ ezumike nka na-eburu n'uche ahụmahụ agha, a manyere ịchọ ọrụ dị ala na obere nkà. Ndị otu aka nri nke FRG megidekwara ikike ha iyi uwe agha nke National People's Army - ndị agha nke "steeti totalitarian", dị ka GDR na-eme atụmatụ na Germany nke oge a. N'ihe gbasara akụrụngwa agha, a tụfuru ma ọ bụ ree ihe ka n'ọnụ ọgụgụ ná mba nke atọ. Ya mere, ụgbọ mmiri ọgụ na ụgbọ mmiri nke Volksmarine e rere Indonesia na Poland, ụfọdụ e zigara Latvia, Estonia, Tunisia, Malta, Guinea-Bissau. Nchikota nke Germany emeghị ka ọ ghara imebi ya. Ruo ugbu a, ndị agha America nọ na mpaghara Germany, ndị otu Bundeswehr na-ekerekwa òkè ugbu a na ọgụ ọgụ gburugburu ụwa - dịka ndị agha nchekwa udo,

Ugbu a, ọtụtụ ndị bụbu ndị ọrụ nke National People's Army nke GDR bụ ndị òtù ọha na eze vetiran soja na-etinye aka n'ichebe ikike nke ndị ọrụ mbụ na ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọrụ NPA, yana ọgụ megide ịkatọ na ịkatọ akụkọ ihe mere eme nke GDR. na National People's Army. N'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 2015, na nsọpụrụ nke iri asaa ncheta nke Great Victory, ihe karịrị 100 generals, admirals na ndị isi ọrụ nke National People's Army nke GDR bịanyere aka n'akwụkwọ ozi - mkpesa "Ndị agha maka Udo", nke ha dọrọ aka ná ntị Western. mba megidere amụma nke esemokwu na-arịwanye elu na ụwa nke oge a na esemokwu na Russia. "Anyị achọghị mkpasu iwe agha megide Russia, kama nghọta na ịdị n'otu. Anyị achọghị ịdabere na agha na United States, kama ọrụ nke anyị maka ụwa, "mkpesa ahụ kwuru.


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