German dere Richard Strauss - biography

German dere Richard Strauss - biography

nso Munich) bụ onye na-ede egwú na onye nduzi German. Nwa nwoke ama ama ọkpọ mpi. Site na 4

Richard Strauss
echiche efu "Si Italy", nke ọ na-achọpụta na
Stefan Zweig dị elu - onye edemede
n'okpuru nduzi nke F.W. Meyer. Ugbua n'oge ntorobịa ya, Strauss na-edepụta
nkà egwu egwu abụọ na agba. N'afọ ndị ọzọ, Strauss na-emepụta
Shakespeare Series (1890). Na mmalite 1890s,
ọbụbụenyi na A. Ritter, onye nduzi, onye na-ede egwú na onye na-ede uri, dị oke mkpa,
ihe ọmụma" dabere na uri nke A. Ritter (1889), "Macbeth" dabere na ọdachi nke
egwu egwu egwu mmemme: " Don Juan" dabere na uri nke N. Lenau (1888), "Death and
Wagner's tetralogy" Ring of the Nibelung ".
Na 1905 Strauss opera Salome nke dabeere na ihe nkiri
(Alpine Symphony, Home Symphony) ka emere nke mbụ na Dresden.
M. Yu. Mirkin.
1940). N'ime ọrụ a, a na-ahụ mmetụta siri ike nke Wagner.
N'ụzọ dị iche, Strauss's comic opera The Rosenkavalier na ederede Hoffmannsthal (post.
orchestral chapel na Meiningen, nke nyere aka na mmepe nke onye nduzi
Wagner. Strauss na-abanye n'okporo ụzọ nke mmepe
(1898) na solo cello, The Life nke dike (1899), wdg Richard Strauss na-edu
Strauss na ọchịchị Nazi bilitere n'ihe metụtara mmachibido nke opera ya na
Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, England, France, Switzerland.In 1898-1918
Wagner Tannhäuser, na Munich - Mozart opera okirikiri, na 1896

  • Njikọ na ibe a
    nke ụlọ dị na Berlin, ọ gbara arụkwaghịm n'ọkwá a na 1935. Esemokwu dị n'etiti
    afọ ahụ dịkwa n'otu ebe - opera "Electra" na nkata nke akụkọ ifo oge ochie (libretto nke G. Hofmannsthal).
    na-agụnye ọrụ "Alpine Symphony", nke na-egosi ịrịgo na
    omenala nke Liszt's program symphony na
    Strauss na-eme njem na Greece, Egypt, Sicily. N'ebe ahụ ọ na-arụ ọrụ na mbụ
    ọrụ nke Friedrich Nietzsche), "Don Quixote"
    nke ndị Juu.
    N'afọ ndị sochirinụ, Strauss gara n'ihu na-emepụta uri symphonic mmemme.
    Oscar Wilde na akụkọ nke Akwụkwọ Nsọ, na 1909
    nke a jikọtara ya n'ọtụtụ ikpe na ihe atụ nke okike.
    Ọ na-ede uri "Til Ulenspiegel" ("Merry Pranks of Til Ulenspiegel", 1895; dị ka
    Strauss si kwuo, ọ bụ onye isi nduzi nke Berlin Opera, bụ ebe o mere
    egwu egwu nke edere n'okpuru mmetụta nke
    ụda egwú na-egbuke egbuke, ọgaranya na Ma n'ime afọ niile ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ ịkpọ piano na violin, ọ gụrụ usoro
    egwu na akụrụngwa
    nke ihe nkiri egwu Wagner,
    nka Strauss. N'afọ 1919-1924, Richard Strauss bụ onye isi nduzi nke Vienna Opera, bụ ebe, tinyere Strauss, onye nduzi pụtara ìhè na onye pianist Bülow .Bulow dọtara Strauss ịrụ ọrụ na ya.




    ya opera "Guntram" na knightly-okpukpe ibé (post. 1894; 2nd mbipụta post.
    kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ conductor ọrụ: na Bayreuth Ụlọ ihe nkiri ọ na-eduzi opera na
    1912) na "Woman Without a Shadow" (1919). N'ime afọ nke ọchịchị Hitler, Strauss
    ' "Nwanyị ahụ Silent", nke e dere na 1935 na nkata
    Richard Strauss (06/11/1864, Munich - 09/08/1949, Garmisch,
    n'otu ebe na 1911), na-egbuke egbuke. stylizes ndụ Viennese nke narị afọ nke 18. Ka ọ na-erule 1915,
    akụkọ ifo Flemish), “Si otú a na-ekwu Zarathustra” (1896, dabere na
    uri nkà ihe ọmụma na opera. Nkà na nka pụtara ìhè nke onye na-ede egwú mere ka mmetụta dị
    ukwuu. N'okpuru mmetụta nke njem mbụ na Italy na 1886, Richard Strauss dere Symphonic
    Mendelssohn.
    Haziri ya operas Ariadne auf Naxos dị ka a oge gboo repertoire (n'ihi na oge mbụ
    Strauss mere njem mbụ ya na Russia. Dị ka onye nduzi, ọ na-arụkwa
    na Germany. A họpụtara na post nke president nke alaeze ukwu musical
    ùgwù nke egwu ya: njikọ. na kasị mma omenala nke mmemme symphonism,
    nchapụta na expressiveness thematism, oké iwe, mmasị,
    The kasị ịrịba ọrụ Richard Strauss bụ mmemme symphonies, symphonic.

Onye na-ede egwú na-arụ ọrụ n'ụzọ dị mfe na-egwu egwu, egwu ya jupụtara na ihe dị mma na obi ụtọ. Onye edemede nke Strauss bụ nke a ma ama operas "Don Quixote", "The Life of a Hero" na suite "The Tradesman in the Nobility". Onye na-ede egwú ji ọchị mesoo ọrụ ya, na-akpọ onwe ya "klas nke abụọ". 

N'oge siri ike nke mgbanwe ọchịchị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, Strauss nọgidere na-abụ nke ya. O nwere mmetụta nke ndị mmadụ ma jiri egwu zaghachi ya. Na-enweghị nsogbu ọgbaghara, onye na-ede egwú akwụsịghị ịmepụta, na-edepụta romances na operas.

Na mmeghari nke ndị egwu ụlọikpe, Strauss Jr. mụtara usoro egwu na egwu egwu ekele maka nkwado nna ya. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, ọ na-amụ ihe n'ụlọ ma mụọ akwụkwọ mgbatị ahụ. Mgbe ahụ, na Mahadum Munich, onye na-ede egwú n'ọdịnihu maara akụkọ ihe mere eme nke nkà na nkà ihe ọmụma.

A kọwawo ọrụ mbụ Strauss dị ka ihe atụ nke ịhụnanya na-adịghị mma. Ndị nkatọ egwu, ndị na-eme ihe nkiri na ndị nduzi nwere ekele maka onyinye nke onye edemede novice. Hans von Bülow mere Strauss onye ga-anọchi ya, nyekwa nwa okorobịa ahụ onye nduzi nke òtù egwú ụlọikpe nke Duke nke Saxe-Meidingen. Ma ọ dọtara ya na mbara obosara, Richard wee hapụ obodo ahụ, na-agbalịsi ike maka nnukwu ihe ọ rụzuru.

N'agbanyeghị mmekọrịta siri ike, di na nwunye ahụ nwere ụmụ. Na 1896, a mụrụ onye nketa nke onye dere Franz Strauss. Ụlọ Symphony na-arara nye ọmụmụ ya.

Na 1905, maka onye na-eme ihe nkiri Sarah Bernard, Strauss dere ihe nkiri dabere na egwu Oscar Wilde Salome. O were Strauss otu afọ na ọkara ịrụ ọrụ n'ihe nkiri egwu. Ihe ngosi ahụ ghọrọ ihe jọgburu onwe ya. Oke agụụ mmekọahụ, ndị na-egosipụta ọdịiche na ihe atụ na ogbo kere apotheosis gburugburu ọrụ.

N'afọ 1889, a kpọbatara ọha mmadụ na Ọnwụ na Ọmụma, nke kọwara adịghị ike mmadụ na nghọta mgbanwe. N'ime ọrụ ahụ, mmadụ nwere ike ịnụ egwu mgbanwe, nke na-esonyere mgbanwe nke usoro gọọmentị na atụmanya na-edoghị anya maka ọdịnihu.

Ọrụ dị ịrịba ama na-esote bụ opera Macbeth. Ndị nkatọ lere ya anya dị ka ihe karịrị akarị, nna ahụ kwukwara okwu n'ụzọ dị nkọ banyere ihe mejupụtara nwa ya nwoke, na-arịọ ya ka o dechaa ihe omume ahụ. Ịgabiga ngwá ọrụ na ngafe mebiri echiche nke egwu ahụ. Ma ọnọdụ uche a kọwara na ya ka masịrị ụfọdụ ndị na-ege ntị. Ọdachi Shakespeare, esemokwu na mbibi na-ada ụda na egwu egwu nke opera.

1896 ka akara site na ntọhapụ nke otú a na-ekwu okwu Zarathustra. Seidl so na-arụ ọrụ na uri egwu. Site na ndaba obi ụtọ, ọ ghọkwara onye na-akpali echiche, na-enye enyi ya akwụkwọ Nietzsche.

Egwu symphonic, nke nwere iberibe 9 dị ka isiakwụkwọ nke akwụkwọ ahụ si dị, aghọwo ihe atụ doro anya nke ịhụnanya German. Strauss mere ihe ngosi mbụ na Frankfurt ma tọọ ndị nkatọ na ndị na-ege ntị ụtọ. N'afọ 1904, o dere "Symphony Home", nke gosipụtara njedebe nke ọrụ na usoro ọrụ na ụdị a.

Richard Strauss bụ onye na-ede egwú German, okwu nke ọrụ ya bụ mmeghachi omume na ndụ ọha mmadụ na narị afọ nke 19-20. Otu n'ime ndị na-ede egwú a ma ama na Germany, ọ ghọtara onwe ya dị ka onye na-egwu egwú na onye nduzi. A na-akwanyere Strauss ùgwù n'oge ndụ ya, aha ya na-esonyere aha ya ọbụna taa n'ihi ọrụ anwụghị anwụ.

N'otu oge, n'ịbụ onye natara akwụkwọ akụkọ banyere mmekọrịta di ya ebubo n'akụkụ, onye na-agụ egwú gbara ya alụkwaghịm. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, Strauss esoghị onye ọ bụla ebi, ebe ọ bụ na ọ hụrụ otu nwanyị n'anya ná ndụ ya nile ma nọgide na-arara ya ọrụ ya. 

Ọrụ egwu

Richard Strauss mụrụ na June 11, 1864 na Munich. Nna Richard bụ onye nkịtị nke jisiri ike nweta amara na ọkwa n'ihi nkà nke onye na-egwu mpi. Ọ ghọrọ onye nkụzi mbụ nwa ya nwoke. Nne nwata nwoke ahụ bụ ada nke onye na-eme mmanya bara ọgaranya ma nweekwa agụmakwụkwọ dị mma na onye na-agụ egwú. E nwere ndị na-ese opera n'ezinụlọ ya.

Richard Strauss biri ogologo ndụ. Ọnwụ jidere ya n'afọ nke iri asatọ na isii. Onye na-ede egwú adịghị ike ma ọlị. Ahụ ya gwụchara nke ukwuu n'ihi ịrụsi ọrụ ike. Adịghị ike na obi na-arịa ọrịa na-enwekarị mmetụta nke onwe ha. Mgbe ụfọdụ Strauss na-efunarị nghọta ya. Ihe kpatara ọnwụ onye na-ede egwú tụgharịrị bụrụ ihe okike n'ihi afọ ndụ ya. Na Septemba 8, 1949, ọ nwụrụ.

Ma nwa nwoke ahụ ọ hụrụ n’anya ebelataghị iwe iwe Paulina. O kwuru okwu n’ezoghị ọnụ banyere di ya, katọọ ya n’ihu ọha, gosi àgwà adịghị mma n’etiti ọha mmadụ, ọ naghịkwa ele ndị a ma ama anya. Strauss achọghị mkpụrụ obi n'ime ya, n'agbanyeghị na ọ ghọrọ onye mkparị.

N'ịbụ onye na-enweta ọnwụ Hofmannsthal, onye na-egwu egwu na-achọ onye ọhụrụ ma hụ ya na Stefan Zweig. Ma ọchịchị Hitler anabataghị ọrụ onye dere ya. O siiri Strauss ike ịghọta mmechuihu nke onye òtù ọlụlụ ya, o wee gbaa arụkwaghịm.

Onye na-ede egwú rụkọrọ ọrụ na Hugo von Hofmannsthal na nwanyị enweghị onyinyo. Opera malitere na 1919. N'otu oge ahụ Richard Strauss natara òkù ịghọ director nke Vienna Opera House, ebe ọ na-arụ ọrụ na-esote 5 afọ. O kere ballet na operas.

Richard malitere ịrụsi ọrụ ike dị ka onye nduzi ma nata ọkwa na Ụlọikpe Ụlọikpe Berlin. Mgbe ahụ, a họpụtara ya onye nduzi egwu nke Ụlọikpe Opera nke Berlin. E mere ememme egwu n'okpuru Strauss n'obodo dị iche iche na Germany. A na-achọ onye mmepụta ihe. A nabatara ya nke ọma na njem nlegharị anya, ndị na-ege ntị na USA 'gbaọrọ' onye nduzi ahụ maka ọnwa 2, onye nyere egwu 35 na America.

Paulina nwere àgwà siri ike. N'agbanyeghị nke a, na 1894 ọ lụrụ Richard Strauss. Alụmdi na nwunye ahụ sonyeere ya na akụkọ ọjọọ nke nwunye kpasuru ya. Strauss nwere obi ụtọ na ndụ onwe ya ma nagide ihe isi ike ya. Mgbe ya na nwunye ya nwesịrị esemokwu, mmụọ nsọ na-eletakarị ya anya, n'ihi ya, o weere Paulina dị ka ihe ngosi nka. Maka ya, onye edemede ahụ dere ọtụtụ egwu na-ebuli onye na-eme ihe nkiri na ọkwa nke ama ama. Ma nke a emeghị ka Paulina ghara inwe anyaụfụ n’ebe di ya nọ ma mee ihe nkiri.

O siiri ndị na-ege ntị German na-ege ntị ike ịnakwere ọrụ Strauss. Ndị na-eme ihe nkiri jụrụ ime egwuregwu ahụ. Mgbe ahụ Elektra bịara. Ọrụ abụọ malitere ịgafe gafee Europe, jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ na-abanye na akụkọ ihe nkiri dị iche iche.

Onye na-egwu egwu na-arụsi ọrụ ike kere Rosenkavalier na 1911. sochiri ya bụ opera ọhụrụ, ihe egwu egwu maka ndị otu egwu na akụkụ egwu egwu. Strauss gara njem nleta na Europe, United States, na 1913 rutekwara Russia. N'oge a, ọ na-arụ ọrụ na Alpine Symphony, nke e wepụtara na 1915 na Berlin. A na-ewere egwu ya dị ka otu n'ime egwu kachasị ewu ewu na egwu oge ochie.

1887 - "Site na Italy"
1889 - "Don Giovanni"
1890 - "Macbeth"
1895 - "The Merry Tricks of Til Ulenspiegel"
1896 - "Nke a na-ekwu okwu Zarathustra"
1898 - "Don Quixote"
1904 - "Home Symbol" - "Home
1905" "
1909 - Elektra
1911 - Rosenkavalier
1928 - Helena nke Egypt
1935 - Nwanyị Silent
1938 - Ụbọchị Udo

Eziokwu na-adọrọ mmasị jikọtara ya na aha Strauss. A na-emehiekarị ya dị ka onye ikwu nke onye na-ede egwú ọzọ a ma ama, bụ́ Johann Strauss, bụ́ onye waltze o dere mere mere amara. Ma naanị ihe na-adọrọ mmasị bụ nke jikọrọ ndị egwú abụọ ahụ bụ mmasị ndị Nazi na-enwe mmasị na ịrị elu nke Adolf Hitler.

Na 1893, Strauss nyere ọha na eze ihe nkiri egwu Guntram. Na 1895, o gosiri ndị na-ege ntị The Merry Tricks of Till Ulenspiegel, nke raara nye enyi ya Arthur Seidl. Ndị nkatọ kọwara ọrụ a dị nkeji iri na ise dị ka nke kacha mma n'ime ihe ndị odee dere. Egwuregwu dị mkpirikpi nwere ihe ngosi 27 gbasara ndụ na ihe omume nke dike edemede.

Mgbe ọ dị afọ 4, Richard malitere nkuzi piano, na mgbe ọ dị afọ 6 ọ maara ọkwa egwu. Ọrụ onye edemede mbụ bụ nke oge a. Strauss Jr. hụrụ egwu egwu, jiri obi ụtọ mụọ ya ma jiri otu obi ụtọ na-eme ihe okike. Ụzọ ndị nna ya si mee dị ka ihe mgbe ochie n'anya nwa okorobịa ahụ, ọ na-achọkwa usoro ọhụrụ.

Mgbe afọ 3 gasịrị dị ka ohu nke Ụlọ ihe nkiri Weimar Court, Strauss dere operas ma rụọ ọrụ na uri symphonic Don Giovanni, nke e gosipụtara na 1889. Edemede Strauss bụ nnukwu ihe ịga nke ọma. Richard dị afọ 25, akụkọ ndụ ya malitere ịmalite, na ụwa egwu adịlarị njikere ido onwe ya n'okpuru ya.

Onye nduzi Friedrich Mayer nyere Strauss nkuzi n'otu n'otu ma kọwaa nyocha nke ụdị. N'ịbụ onye na-ekere òkè na orchestra onye na-amu amu, Richard nwara ihe ọmụma ya na omume ma mepụta nyocha mbụ nke edemede. Talent ya pụtara ìhè nke na ọ dịghị mkpa ịbanye n'ụlọ nchekwa ahụ. 

Richard Strauss zutere ịhụnanya ya na 1887, na-arụ ọrụ dị ka onye nduzi nke opera "Gensal na Gretel". Onye na-eme ihe nkiri bụ Paulina Maria de Ana, bụ onye onye na-ede egwú dara isi n'ịhụnanya. N'ịbụ onye na-akwado ya, o nyere onye na-eme ihe nkiri ọrụ na opera Guntram.

Ọ were ọnọdụ nke 3rd Kapellmeister na Munich Court Opera. Ahụmahụ egwu kpụrụ n'ime a symphonic fantasy, mmụọ nsọ njem na Italy, na 1886 ọrụ a mụrụ "Site Italy".

Mgbe ọ dị afọ 10, nwa nwoke mbụ nụrụ ọrụ egwu nke Richard Wagner. Ọnọdụ na ụdị nke operas odee masịrị Strauss. Na nke a, o kwenyeghị na nna ya, bụ onye weere ọrụ Wagner dị njọ. Nna ahụ gbochiri nwa ya nwoke ka ọ gee egwu a. Richard jisiri na-amụ ndetu nke "Tristan na Isolde" naanị mgbe ọ ghọrọ okenye.

Richard StraussRichard Strauss

Richard Strauss bụ onye na-ede egwú German, okwu nke ọrụ ya bụ mmeghachi omume na ndụ ọha mmadụ na narị afọ nke 19-20. Otu n'ime ndị na-ede egwú a ma ama na Germany, ọ ghọtara onwe ya dị ka onye na-egwu egwú na onye nduzi. A na-akwanyere Strauss ùgwù n'oge ndụ ya, aha ya na-esonyere aha ya ọbụna taa n'ihi ọrụ anwụghị anwụ.

Oge nwata na ntorobịa

Richard Strauss mụrụ na June 11, 1864 na Munich. Nna Richard bụ onye nkịtị nke jisiri ike nweta amara na ọkwa n'ihi nkà nke onye na-egwu mpi. Ọ ghọrọ onye nkụzi mbụ nwa ya nwoke. Nne nwata nwoke ahụ bụ ada nke onye na-eme mmanya bara ọgaranya ma nweekwa agụmakwụkwọ dị mma na onye na-agụ egwú. E nwere ndị na-ese opera n'ezinụlọ ya.
Richard Strauss mgbe ọ bụ nwataRichard Strauss mgbe ọ bụ nwata

Mgbe ọ dị afọ 4, Richard malitere nkuzi piano, na mgbe ọ dị afọ 6 ọ maara ọkwa egwu. Ọrụ onye edemede mbụ bụ nke oge a. Strauss Jr. hụrụ egwu egwu, jiri obi ụtọ mụọ ya ma jiri otu obi ụtọ na-eme ihe okike. Ụzọ ndị nna ya si mee dị ka ihe mgbe ochie n'anya nwa okorobịa ahụ, ọ na-achọkwa usoro ọhụrụ.

Mgbe ọ dị afọ 10, nwa nwoke mbụ nụrụ ọrụ egwu nke Richard Wagner. Ọnọdụ na ụdị nke operas odee masịrị Strauss. Na nke a, o kwenyeghị na nna ya, bụ onye weere ọrụ Wagner dị njọ.

Nna ahụ gbochiri nwa ya nwoke ka ọ gee egwu a. Richard jisiri na-amụ ndetu nke "Tristan na Isolde" naanị mgbe ọ ghọrọ okenye.

Na mmeghari nke ndị egwu ụlọikpe, Strauss Jr. mụtara usoro egwu na egwu egwu ekele maka nkwado nna ya. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, ọ na-amụ ihe n'ụlọ ma mụọ akwụkwọ mgbatị ahụ. Mgbe ahụ, na Mahadum Munich, onye na-ede egwú n'ọdịnihu maara akụkọ ihe mere eme nke nkà na nkà ihe ọmụma.

Onye nduzi Friedrich Mayer nyere Strauss nkuzi n'otu n'otu ma kọwaa nyocha nke ụdị. N'ịbụ onye na-ekere òkè na orchestra onye na-amu amu, Richard nwara ihe ọmụma ya na omume ma mepụta nyocha mbụ nke edemede. Talent ya pụtara ìhè nke na ọ dịghị mkpa ịbanye n'ụlọ nchekwa ahụ.

Egwu

A kọwawo ọrụ mbụ Strauss dị ka ihe atụ nke ịhụnanya na-adịghị mma. Ndị nkatọ egwu, ndị na-eme ihe nkiri na ndị nduzi nwere ekele maka onyinye nke onye edemede novice. Hans von Bülow mere Strauss onye ga-anọchi ya, nyekwa nwa okorobịa ahụ onye nduzi nke òtù egwú ụlọikpe nke Duke nke Saxe-Meidingen. Ma ọ dọtara ya na mbara obosara, Richard wee hapụ obodo ahụ, na-agbalịsi ike maka nnukwu ihe ọ rụzuru.
Onye na-ede egwú Richard StraussOnye na-ede egwú Richard Strauss

Ọ were ọnọdụ nke 3rd Kapellmeister na Munich Court Opera. Ahụmahụ egwu kpụrụ n'ime a symphonic fantasy, mmụọ nsọ njem na Italy, na 1886 ọrụ a mụrụ "Site Italy".

Mgbe afọ 3 gasịrị dị ka ohu nke Ụlọ ihe nkiri Weimar Court, Strauss dere operas ma rụọ ọrụ na uri symphonic Don Giovanni, nke e gosipụtara na 1889. Edemede Strauss bụ nnukwu ihe ịga nke ọma. Richard dị afọ 25, akụkọ ndụ ya malitere ịmalite, na ụwa egwu adịlarị njikere ido onwe ya n'okpuru ya.

Ọrụ dị ịrịba ama na-esote bụ opera Macbeth. Ndị nkatọ lere ya anya dị ka ihe karịrị akarị, nna ahụ kwukwara okwu n'ụzọ dị nkọ banyere ihe mejupụtara nwa ya nwoke, na-arịọ ya ka o dechaa ihe omume ahụ. Ịgabiga ngwá ọrụ na ngafe mebiri echiche nke egwu ahụ. Ma ọnọdụ uche a kọwara na ya ka masịrị ụfọdụ ndị na-ege ntị. Ọdachi Shakespeare, esemokwu na mbibi na-ada ụda na egwu egwu nke opera.
Eserese nke Richard StraussEserese nke Richard Strauss

N'afọ 1889, a kpọbatara ọha mmadụ na Ọnwụ na Ọmụma, nke kọwara adịghị ike mmadụ na nghọta mgbanwe. N'ime ọrụ ahụ, mmadụ nwere ike ịnụ egwu mgbanwe, nke na-esonyere mgbanwe nke usoro gọọmentị na atụmanya na-edoghị anya maka ọdịnihu.

Na 1893, Strauss nyere ọha na eze ihe nkiri egwu Guntram. Na 1895, o gosiri ndị na-ege ntị The Merry Tricks of Till Ulenspiegel, nke raara nye enyi ya Arthur Seidl. Ndị nkatọ kọwara ọrụ a dị nkeji iri na ise dị ka nke kacha mma n'ime ihe ndị odee dere. Egwuregwu dị mkpirikpi nwere ihe ngosi 27 gbasara ndụ na ihe omume nke dike edemede.

Richard Strauss - "Thil Ulenspiegel's Merry Antics"

1896 ka akara site na ntọhapụ nke otú a na-ekwu okwu Zarathustra. Seidl so na-arụ ọrụ na uri egwu. Site na ndaba obi ụtọ, ọ ghọkwara onye na-akpali echiche, na-enye enyi ya akwụkwọ Nietzsche.

Egwu symphonic, nke nwere iberibe 9 dị ka isiakwụkwọ nke akwụkwọ ahụ si dị, aghọwo ihe atụ doro anya nke ịhụnanya German. Strauss mere ihe ngosi mbụ na Frankfurt ma tọọ ndị nkatọ na ndị na-ege ntị ụtọ. N'afọ 1904, o dere "Symphony Home", nke gosipụtara njedebe nke ọrụ na usoro ọrụ na ụdị a.

Richard Strauss - Ya mere Zarathustra kwuru

Na 1905, maka onye na-eme ihe nkiri Sarah Bernard, Strauss dere ihe nkiri dabere na egwu Oscar Wilde Salome. O were Strauss otu afọ na ọkara ịrụ ọrụ n'ihe nkiri egwu. Ihe ngosi ahụ ghọrọ ihe jọgburu onwe ya. Oke agụụ mmekọahụ, ndị na-egosipụta ọdịiche na ihe atụ na ogbo kere apotheosis gburugburu ọrụ.

O siiri ndị na-ege ntị German na-ege ntị ike ịnakwere ọrụ Strauss. Ndị na-eme ihe nkiri jụrụ ime egwuregwu ahụ. Mgbe ahụ Elektra bịara. Ọrụ abụọ malitere ịgafe gafee Europe, jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ na-abanye na akụkọ ihe nkiri dị iche iche.
Onye nduzi Richard StraussOnye nduzi Richard Strauss

Richard malitere ịrụsi ọrụ ike dị ka onye nduzi ma nata ọkwa na Ụlọikpe Ụlọikpe Berlin. Mgbe ahụ, a họpụtara ya onye nduzi egwu nke Ụlọikpe Opera nke Berlin. E mere ememme egwu n'okpuru Strauss n'obodo dị iche iche na Germany. A na-achọ onye mmepụta ihe. A nabatara ya nke ọma na njem nlegharị anya, ndị na-ege ntị na USA 'gbaọrọ' onye nduzi ahụ maka ọnwa 2, onye nyere egwu 35 na America.
Onye na-abụ abụ Elisabeth Schumann na onye na-ede egwú Richard StraussOnye na-abụ abụ Elisabeth Schumann na onye na-ede egwú Richard Strauss

Onye na-egwu egwu na-arụsi ọrụ ike kere Rosenkavalier na 1911.

sochiri ya bụ opera ọhụrụ, ihe egwu egwu maka ndị otu egwu na akụkụ egwu egwu. Strauss gara njem nleta na Europe, United States, na 1913 rutekwara Russia. N'oge a, ọ na-arụ ọrụ na Alpine Symphony, nke e wepụtara na 1915 na Berlin. A na-ewere egwu ya dị ka otu n'ime egwu kachasị ewu ewu na egwu oge ochie.

Richard Strauss - Alpine Symphony

Onye na-ede egwú rụkọrọ ọrụ na Hugo von Hofmannsthal na nwanyị enweghị onyinyo. Opera malitere na 1919. N'otu oge ahụ Richard Strauss natara òkù ịghọ director nke Vienna Opera House, ebe ọ na-arụ ọrụ na-esote 5 afọ. O kere ballet na operas.

N'oge siri ike nke mgbanwe ọchịchị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, Strauss nọgidere na-abụ nke ya. O nwere mmetụta nke ndị mmadụ ma jiri egwu zaghachi ya. Na-enweghị nsogbu ọgbaghara, onye na-ede egwú akwụsịghị ịmepụta, na-edepụta romances na operas.

Richard Strauss na Hugo von HofmannsthalRichard Strauss na Hugo von Hofmannsthal

N'ịbụ onye na-enweta ọnwụ Hofmannsthal, onye na-egwu egwu na-achọ onye ọhụrụ ma hụ ya na Stefan Zweig. Ma ọchịchị Hitler anabataghị ọrụ onye dere ya. O siiri Strauss ike ịghọta mmechuihu nke onye òtù ọlụlụ ya, o wee gbaa arụkwaghịm.

Onye na-ede egwú na-arụ ọrụ n'ụzọ dị mfe na-egwu egwu, egwu ya jupụtara na ihe dị mma na obi ụtọ. Onye edemede nke Strauss bụ nke a ma ama operas "Don Quixote", "The Life of a Hero" na suite "The Tradesman in the Nobility". Onye na-ede egwú ji ọchị mesoo ọrụ ya, na-akpọ onwe ya "klas nke abụọ".

Ndụ onwe onye

Richard Strauss zutere ịhụnanya ya na 1887, na-arụ ọrụ dị ka onye nduzi nke opera "Gensal na Gretel". Onye na-eme ihe nkiri bụ Paulina Maria de Ana, bụ onye onye na-ede egwú dara isi n'ịhụnanya. N'ịbụ onye na-akwado ya, o nyere onye na-eme ihe nkiri ọrụ na opera Guntram.
Richard Strauss na Paulina Maria de AnaRichard Strauss na Paulina Maria de Ana

Paulina nwere àgwà siri ike. N'agbanyeghị nke a, na 1894 ọ lụrụ Richard Strauss. Alụmdi na nwunye ahụ sonyeere ya na akụkọ ọjọọ nke nwunye kpasuru ya. Strauss nwere obi ụtọ na ndụ onwe ya ma nagide ihe isi ike ya. Mgbe ya na nwunye ya nwesịrị esemokwu, mmụọ nsọ na-eletakarị ya anya, n'ihi ya, o weere Paulina dị ka ihe ngosi nka. Maka ya, onye edemede ahụ dere ọtụtụ egwu na-ebuli onye na-eme ihe nkiri na ọkwa nke ama ama. Ma nke a emeghị ka Paulina ghara inwe anyaụfụ n’ebe di ya nọ ma mee ihe nkiri.
Richard Strauss na Paulina Maria de AnaRichard Strauss na Paulina Maria de Hahn

N'agbanyeghị mmekọrịta siri ike, di na nwunye ahụ nwere ụmụ. Na 1896, a mụrụ onye nketa nke onye dere Franz Strauss. Ụlọ Symphony na-arara nye ọmụmụ ya.
Richard Strauss na nwunye ya na nwa ya nwokeRichard Strauss na nwunye ya na nwa ya nwoke

Ma nwa nwoke ahụ ọ hụrụ n’anya ebelataghị iwe iwe Paulina. O kwuru okwu n’ezoghị ọnụ banyere di ya, katọọ ya n’ihu ọha, gosi àgwà adịghị mma n’etiti ọha mmadụ, ọ naghịkwa ele ndị a ma ama anya. Strauss achọghị mkpụrụ obi n'ime ya, n'agbanyeghị na ọ ghọrọ onye mkparị.
Richard Strauss na nne na nna ya na nwa ya nwokeRichard Strauss na nne na nna ya na nwa ya nwoke

N'otu oge, n'ịbụ onye natara akwụkwọ akụkọ banyere mmekọrịta di ya ebubo n'akụkụ, onye na-agụ egwú gbara ya alụkwaghịm. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, Strauss esoghị onye ọ bụla ebi, ebe ọ bụ na ọ hụrụ otu nwanyị n'anya ná ndụ ya nile ma nọgide na-arara ya ọrụ ya.
Richard Strauss na nwunye ya na nwa ya nwokeRichard Strauss na nwunye ya na nwa ya nwoke

Ọnwụ

Richard Strauss biri ogologo ndụ. Ọnwụ jidere ya n'afọ nke iri asatọ na isii. Onye na-ede egwú adịghị ike ma ọlị. Ahụ ya gwụchara nke ukwuu n'ihi ịrụsi ọrụ ike. Adịghị ike na obi na-arịa ọrịa na-enwekarị mmetụta nke onwe ha. Mgbe ụfọdụ Strauss na-efunarị nghọta ya. Ihe kpatara ọnwụ onye na-ede egwú tụgharịrị bụrụ ihe okike n'ihi afọ ndụ ya. Na Septemba 8, 1949, ọ nwụrụ.
ili nke Richard Straussili nke Richard Strauss

Eziokwu na-adọrọ mmasị jikọtara ya na aha Strauss. A na-emehiekarị ya dị ka onye ikwu nke onye na-ede egwú ọzọ a ma ama, bụ́ Johann Strauss, bụ́ onye waltze o dere mere mere amara. Ma naanị ihe na-adọrọ mmasị bụ nke jikọrọ ndị egwú abụọ ahụ bụ mmasị ndị Nazi na-enwe mmasị na ịrị elu nke Adolf Hitler.

A na-ewere egwu nke onye na-ede egwú Richard Strauss n'ụwa nile dị ka ihe nlereanya nke German romanticism. A na-akpọ ya onye nwere ọgụgụ isi nke ndị egwu egwu, uri egwu ya na operas ya adịla ndụ ọtụtụ narị afọ. Na November 1933, Goebbels họpụtara onye na-ede egwú apolitical ka ọ bụrụ onyeisi oche nke Ụlọ Ọrụ German. Ma Strauss aghaghị ịnakwere nhọpụta a, n'ihi na nwunye nwa ya bụ onye Juu, ma n'ụzọ dị otú a ọ chọrọ ichebe ya, nwa ya nwoke na ụmụ ụmụ ya ...

Ọrụ egwu

  • 1887 - "Si Ịtali"
  • 1889 - "Don Juan"
  • 1890 - "Macbeth"
  • 1895 - "Ụzọ aghụghọ nke Till Ulenspiegel"
  • 1896 - Otu a ka Zarathustra kwuru
  • 1898 - "Don Quixote"
  • 1904 - "Symphony Ụlọ"
  • 1905 - "Salome"
  • 1909 - "Electra"
  • 1911 - "The Knight nke Roses"
  • 1928 - "Helen nke Egypt"
  • 1935 - Nwanyị gbachiri nkịtị
  • 1938 - "Ụbọchị Udo"

1895 - "Ụdị aghụghọ nke Till Ulenspiegel"
1890 - "Macbeth"

N'ihi mmasị maka abụ abụ symphonic, nke mbụ n'ime ha pụtara, na-egosi nkà tozuru okè, Don Juan. N'etiti ya ndị ọzọ symphonic poems: "Site Italy", "Ọnwụ na Enlightenment", "Macbeth", "Si otú ahụ kwuru Zarathustra", "Don Quixote", "Home Symphony", "Alpine Symphony" na ndị ọzọ. N'etiti Strauss 'orchestral ikwọ mara: suite "The Philistine in the Nobility" na "Metamorphoses".

Richard Strauss Awards

Ihe nrite ọla edo nke Royal Philharmonic Society (1936)
1905 - "Salome"

Onye dere ya dere ma egwu ụlọ, na ihe egwu solo, na operas. Site n'ụzọ, Strauss tụgharịrị na opera na njedebe nke narị afọ nke 19. Ọ bụ ezie na ọha na eze nabatara ọtụtụ operas ya n'ụzọ doro anya, ha wetara onye na-ede egwú na ego a ma ama, nke mere ka o wuo obere ụlọ ya na Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

A mụrụ Richard Strauss na June 11, 1864 na Munich, Germany. N'oge ntorobịa ya, ọ natara n'aka nna ya mmụta sara mbara, n'agbanyeghị na ọ na-agbanwe agbanwe, agụmakwụkwọ egwu. Ugbua mgbe ọ dị afọ isii, o dere egwuregwu egwu mbụ ya. Kemgbe ahụ, ide egwú bụ ọrụ ndụ ya. Na 1874, Strauss nụrụ operas nke Richard Wagner mbụ. Mmetụta nke egwu Wagner na ụdị Richard nwere ike ịbụ nke siri ike, ma na mbụ nna ya machibidoro ya akwụkwọ Wagner, ebe ọ bụ na n'ụlọ nwa nwoke a na-ewere egwu ya dị ala. N'ọdịnihu, onye na-ede egwú dere ma kwuo na ọ na-akwa ụta nke ukwuu ọnọdụ a.

Ihe ncheta nke Richard Strauss

Nwa amaala nke Munich

1938 - "Ụbọchị Udo"

Richard Strauss ezinụlọ

Symphonies

Ọrụ Richard Strauss

1898 - "Don Quixote"

    Richard Strauss nwụrụ na Septemba 8, 1949 na Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, mgbe ọ dị afọ iri asatọ na ise. E liri ya n’ebe ahụ n’ebe e liri ya.

Nwa amaala asọpụrụ nke Vienna

Ụdị Strauss na-agbanwe nke ọma mgbe ọ zutere Alexander Ritter, onye ama ama na violin na-ede egwú. Ọ bụ di otu n'ime ụmụ nwanne Wagner. Ọ bụ Ritter mere Richard ka ọ hapụ ụdị nchegharị ya wee malite ịde uri symphonic.

Order nke Maximilian "N'ihi rụzuru na sayensị na nkà" (Bavaria)
1928 - "Helena nke Egypt"

Richard Strauss pụtara na stampụ akwụkwọ ozi Austrian 1989

1904 - "Symphony Ụlọ"
1896 - "Nke a na-ekwu Zarathustra"
Ọkpara - Franz (amụrụ 1896).

08/05/2020

    Na Nazi Party na-abịa n'ọchịchị na Germany, onye na-ede egwú nọgidere na-arụ ọrụ na ide ihe, ma biri na Berlin. Mgbe e mesịrị, e boro ya ebubo njikọ na mmekorita ya na ndị Nazi na ọbụna kpọbatara ya n'ikpe, ma mgbe ahụ, a tọhapụrụ ya.

1911 - "The Knight nke Roses"

Ọrụ ndị ọzọ nke onye na-ede egwú na ụdị a: "The Rosenkavalier", "Ariadne auf Naxos", "Woman Without a Shadow", "Intermezzo", "Helena nke Egypt", "Arabella", "Ụbọchị Udo", "Daphne" , "Ịhụnanya Danaë" nke nwetara nnukwu ihe ịga nke ọma na ọha mmadụ. Ruo n'afọ 1940, Strauss ji oge niile na-agụ operas dee operas.

Order of Merit"

Nwunye - Paulina Maria de Ana (lụrụ na 1894), omenkà. (gbara alụkwaghịm)

Na nsọpụrụ nke heroine nke Richard Strauss 'opera "Ariadne auf Naxos" Zerbinetta, asteroid (693) Zerbinetta aha.

Asteroid (841) Arabella bụ aha dike nke Richard Strauss opera Arabella.

1935 - Nwanyị gbachiri nkịtị

German dere nke mbubreyo Romantic oge. Ọ ghọrọ onye a ma ama maka uri egwu egwu ya na operas ya. Onye nduzi pụtara ìhè. Onye nnọchi anya German Expressionism. Ihe kacha ewu ewu na egwu egwu ya bụ Don Juan, Macbeth, Till Ulenspiegel's Merry Tricks, otú a na-ekwu okwu Zarathustra, Don Quixote, Salome, Electra, The Rosenkavalier, Helena nke Egypt.

1909 - "Electra"

Ọzọkwa, na 1882, Strauss banyere na Mahadum Munich, bụ ebe ọ gụrụ nkà ihe ọmụma na akụkọ ihe mere eme, ma otu afọ mgbe e mesịrị, ọ hapụrụ ya gaa Berlin. N'ebe ahụ, Richard nwetara ọkwá ngwa ngwa dị ka onye na-enyere aka n'okpuru Hans von Bülow, dochie ya na Munich mgbe ọ lara ezumike nká na 1885. N'ime oge a, ọrụ ya dị oke mkpa.

1887 - "Si Italy"
1889 - "Don Juan"

Richard Strauss bụ onye na-ede egwú German, okwu nke ọrụ ya bụ mmeghachi omume na ndụ ọha mmadụ na narị afọ nke 19-20. Otu n'ime ndị na-ede egwú a ma ama na Germany, ọ ghọtara onwe ya dị ka onye na-egwu egwú na onye nduzi. A na-akwanyere Strauss ùgwù n'oge ndụ ya, aha ya na-esonyere aha ya ọbụna taa n'ihi ọrụ anwụghị anwụ.

Oge nwata na ntorobịa

Richard Strauss mụrụ na June 11, 1864 na Munich. Nna Richard bụ onye nkịtị nke jisiri ike nweta amara na ọkwa n'ihi nkà nke onye na-egwu mpi. Ọ ghọrọ onye nkụzi mbụ nwa ya nwoke. Nne nwata nwoke ahụ bụ ada nke onye na-eme mmanya bara ọgaranya ma nweekwa agụmakwụkwọ dị mma na onye na-agụ egwú. E nwere ndị na-ese opera n'ezinụlọ ya.

Richard Strauss mgbe ọ bụ nwata

Richard Strauss mgbe ọ bụ nwata

Mgbe ọ dị afọ 4, Richard malitere nkuzi piano, na mgbe ọ dị afọ 6 ọ maara ọkwa egwu. Ọrụ onye edemede mbụ bụ nke oge a. Strauss Jr. hụrụ egwu egwu, jiri obi ụtọ mụọ ya ma jiri otu obi ụtọ na-eme ihe okike. Ụzọ ndị nna ya si mee dị ka ihe mgbe ochie n'anya nwa okorobịa ahụ, ọ na-achọkwa usoro ọhụrụ.

Mgbe ọ dị afọ 10, nwa nwoke mbụ nụrụ ọrụ egwu nke Richard Wagner. Ọnọdụ na ụdị nke operas odee masịrị Strauss. Na nke a, o kwenyeghị na nna ya, bụ onye weere ọrụ Wagner dị njọ. Nna ahụ gbochiri nwa ya nwoke ka ọ gee egwu a. Richard jisiri na-amụ ndetu nke "Tristan na Isolde" naanị mgbe ọ ghọrọ okenye.

Na mmeghari nke ndị egwu ụlọikpe, Strauss Jr. mụtara usoro egwu na egwu egwu ekele maka nkwado nna ya. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, ọ na-amụ ihe n'ụlọ ma mụọ akwụkwọ mgbatị ahụ. Mgbe ahụ, na Mahadum Munich, onye na-ede egwú n'ọdịnihu maara akụkọ ihe mere eme nke nkà na nkà ihe ọmụma.

Onye nduzi Friedrich Mayer nyere Strauss nkuzi n'otu n'otu ma kọwaa nyocha nke ụdị. N'ịbụ onye na-ekere òkè na orchestra onye na-amu amu, Richard nwara ihe ọmụma ya na omume ma mepụta nyocha mbụ nke edemede. Talent ya pụtara ìhè nke na ọ dịghị mkpa ịbanye n'ụlọ nchekwa ahụ.

Egwu

A kọwawo ọrụ mbụ Strauss dị ka ihe atụ nke ịhụnanya na-adịghị mma. Ndị nkatọ egwu, ndị na-eme ihe nkiri na ndị nduzi nwere ekele maka onyinye nke onye edemede novice. Hans von Bülow mere Strauss onye ga-anọchi ya, nyekwa nwa okorobịa ahụ onye nduzi nke òtù egwú ụlọikpe nke Duke nke Saxe-Meidingen. Ma ọ dọtara ya na mbara obosara, Richard wee hapụ obodo ahụ, na-agbalịsi ike maka nnukwu ihe ọ rụzuru.

Onye na-ede egwú Richard Strauss
Onye na-ede egwú Richard Strauss

Ọ were ọnọdụ nke 3rd Kapellmeister na Munich Court Opera. Ahụmahụ egwu kpụrụ n'ime a symphonic fantasy, mmụọ nsọ njem na Italy, na 1886 ọrụ a mụrụ "Site Italy".

Mgbe afọ 3 gasịrị dị ka ohu nke Ụlọ ihe nkiri Weimar Court, Strauss dere operas ma rụọ ọrụ na uri symphonic Don Giovanni, nke e gosipụtara na 1889. Edemede Strauss bụ nnukwu ihe ịga nke ọma. Richard dị afọ 25, akụkọ ndụ ya malitere ịmalite, na ụwa egwu adịlarị njikere ido onwe ya n'okpuru ya.

Ọrụ dị ịrịba ama na-esote bụ opera Macbeth. Ndị nkatọ lere ya anya dị ka ihe karịrị akarị, nna ahụ kwukwara okwu n'ụzọ dị nkọ banyere ihe mejupụtara nwa ya nwoke, na-arịọ ya ka o dechaa ihe omume ahụ. Ịgabiga ngwá ọrụ na ngafe mebiri echiche nke egwu ahụ. Ma ọnọdụ uche a kọwara na ya ka masịrị ụfọdụ ndị na-ege ntị. Ọdachi Shakespeare, esemokwu na mbibi na-ada ụda na egwu egwu nke opera.

Eserese nke Richard Strauss
Eserese nke Richard Strauss

N'afọ 1889, a kpọbatara ọha mmadụ na Ọnwụ na Ọmụma, nke kọwara adịghị ike mmadụ na nghọta mgbanwe. N'ime ọrụ ahụ, mmadụ nwere ike ịnụ egwu mgbanwe, nke na-esonyere mgbanwe nke usoro gọọmentị na atụmanya na-edoghị anya maka ọdịnihu.

Na 1893, Strauss nyere ọha na eze ihe nkiri egwu Guntram. Na 1895, o gosiri ndị na-ege ntị The Merry Tricks of Till Ulenspiegel, nke raara nye enyi ya Arthur Seidl. Ndị nkatọ kọwara ọrụ a dị nkeji iri na ise dị ka nke kacha mma n'ime ihe ndị odee dere. Egwuregwu dị mkpirikpi nwere ihe ngosi 27 gbasara ndụ na ihe omume nke dike edemede.

Richard Strauss - "Thil Ulenspiegel's Merry Antics"

1896 ka akara site na ntọhapụ nke otú a na-ekwu okwu Zarathustra. Seidl so na-arụ ọrụ na uri egwu. Site na ndaba obi ụtọ, ọ ghọkwara onye na-akpali echiche, na-enye enyi ya akwụkwọ Nietzsche.

Egwu symphonic, nke nwere iberibe 9 dị ka isiakwụkwọ nke akwụkwọ ahụ si dị, aghọwo ihe atụ doro anya nke ịhụnanya German. Strauss mere ihe ngosi mbụ na Frankfurt ma tọọ ndị nkatọ na ndị na-ege ntị ụtọ. N'afọ 1904, o dere "Symphony Home", nke gosipụtara njedebe nke ọrụ na usoro ọrụ na ụdị a.

Richard Strauss - Ya mere Zarathustra kwuru

Na 1905, maka onye na-eme ihe nkiri Sarah Bernard, Strauss dere ihe nkiri dabere na egwu Oscar Wilde Salome. O were Strauss otu afọ na ọkara ịrụ ọrụ n'ihe nkiri egwu. Ihe ngosi ahụ ghọrọ ihe jọgburu onwe ya. Oke agụụ mmekọahụ, ndị na-egosipụta ọdịiche na ihe atụ na ogbo kere apotheosis gburugburu ọrụ.

O siiri ndị na-ege ntị German na-ege ntị ike ịnakwere ọrụ Strauss. Ndị na-eme ihe nkiri jụrụ ime egwuregwu ahụ. Mgbe ahụ Elektra bịara. Ọrụ abụọ malitere ịgafe gafee Europe, jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ na-abanye na akụkọ ihe nkiri dị iche iche.

Onye nduzi Richard Strauss
Onye nduzi Richard Strauss

Richard malitere ịrụsi ọrụ ike dị ka onye nduzi ma nata ọkwa na Ụlọikpe Ụlọikpe Berlin. Mgbe ahụ, a họpụtara ya onye nduzi egwu nke Ụlọikpe Opera nke Berlin. E mere ememme egwu n'okpuru Strauss n'obodo dị iche iche na Germany. A na-achọ onye mmepụta ihe. A nabatara ya nke ọma na njem nlegharị anya, ndị na-ege ntị na USA 'gbaọrọ' onye nduzi ahụ maka ọnwa 2, onye nyere egwu 35 na America.

Onye na-egwu egwu na-arụsi ọrụ ike kere Rosenkavalier na 1911. sochiri ya bụ opera ọhụrụ, ihe egwu egwu maka ndị otu egwu na akụkụ egwu egwu. Strauss gara njem nleta na Europe, United States, na 1913 rutekwara Russia. N'oge a, ọ na-arụ ọrụ na Alpine Symphony, nke e wepụtara na 1915 na Berlin. A na-ewere egwu ya dị ka otu n'ime egwu kachasị ewu ewu na egwu oge ochie.

Richard Strauss - Alpine Symphony

Onye na-ede egwú rụkọrọ ọrụ na Hugo von Hofmannsthal na nwanyị enweghị onyinyo. Opera malitere na 1919. N'otu oge ahụ Richard Strauss natara òkù ịghọ director nke Vienna Opera House, ebe ọ na-arụ ọrụ na-esote 5 afọ. O kere ballet na operas.

N'oge siri ike nke mgbanwe ọchịchị ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, Strauss nọgidere na-abụ nke ya. O nwere mmetụta nke ndị mmadụ ma jiri egwu zaghachi ya. Na-enweghị nsogbu ọgbaghara, onye na-ede egwú akwụsịghị ịmepụta, na-edepụta romances na operas.

Richard Strauss na Hugo von Hofmannsthal
Richard Strauss na Hugo von Hofmannsthal

N'ịbụ onye na-enweta ọnwụ Hofmannsthal, onye na-egwu egwu na-achọ onye ọhụrụ ma hụ ya na Stefan Zweig. Ma ọchịchị Hitler anabataghị ọrụ onye dere ya. O siiri Strauss ike ịghọta mmechuihu nke onye òtù ọlụlụ ya, o wee gbaa arụkwaghịm.

Onye na-ede egwú na-arụ ọrụ n'ụzọ dị mfe na-egwu egwu, egwu ya jupụtara na ihe dị mma na obi ụtọ. Onye edemede nke Strauss bụ nke a ma ama operas "Don Quixote", "The Life of a Hero" na suite "The Tradesman in the Nobility". Onye na-ede egwú ji ọchị mesoo ọrụ ya, na-akpọ onwe ya "klas nke abụọ".

Ndụ onwe onye

Richard Strauss zutere ịhụnanya ya na 1887, na-arụ ọrụ dị ka onye nduzi nke opera "Gensal na Gretel". Onye na-eme ihe nkiri bụ Paulina Maria de Ana, bụ onye onye na-ede egwú dara isi n'ịhụnanya. N'ịbụ onye na-akwado ya, o nyere onye na-eme ihe nkiri ọrụ na opera Guntram.

Richard Strauss na Paulina Maria de Ana
Richard Strauss na Paulina Maria de Ana

Paulina nwere àgwà siri ike. N'agbanyeghị nke a, na 1894 ọ lụrụ Richard Strauss. Alụmdi na nwunye ahụ sonyeere ya na akụkọ ọjọọ nke nwunye kpasuru ya. Strauss nwere obi ụtọ na ndụ onwe ya ma nagide ihe isi ike ya. Mgbe ya na nwunye ya nwesịrị esemokwu, mmụọ nsọ na-eletakarị ya anya, n'ihi ya, o weere Paulina dị ka ihe ngosi nka. Maka ya, onye edemede ahụ dere ọtụtụ egwu na-ebuli onye na-eme ihe nkiri na ọkwa nke ama ama. Ma nke a emeghị ka Paulina ghara inwe anyaụfụ n’ebe di ya nọ ma mee ihe nkiri.

N'agbanyeghị mmekọrịta siri ike, di na nwunye ahụ nwere ụmụ. Na 1896, a mụrụ onye nketa nke onye dere Franz Strauss. Ụlọ Symphony na-arara nye ọmụmụ ya.

Richard Strauss na nwunye ya na nwa ya nwoke
Richard Strauss na nwunye ya na nwa ya nwoke

Ma nwa nwoke ahụ ọ hụrụ n’anya ebelataghị iwe iwe Paulina. O kwuru okwu n’ezoghị ọnụ banyere di ya, katọọ ya n’ihu ọha, gosi àgwà adịghị mma n’etiti ọha mmadụ, ọ naghịkwa ele ndị a ma ama anya. Strauss achọghị mkpụrụ obi n'ime ya, n'agbanyeghị na ọ ghọrọ onye mkparị.

N'otu oge, n'ịbụ onye natara akwụkwọ akụkọ banyere mmekọrịta di ya ebubo n'akụkụ, onye na-agụ egwú gbara ya alụkwaghịm. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, Strauss esoghị onye ọ bụla ebi, ebe ọ bụ na ọ hụrụ otu nwanyị n'anya ná ndụ ya nile ma nọgide na-arara ya ọrụ ya.

Ọnwụ

Richard Strauss biri ogologo ndụ. Ọnwụ jidere ya n'afọ nke iri asatọ na isii. Onye na-ede egwú adịghị ike ma ọlị. Ahụ ya gwụchara nke ukwuu n'ihi ịrụsi ọrụ ike. Adịghị ike na obi na-arịa ọrịa na-enwekarị mmetụta nke onwe ha. Mgbe ụfọdụ Strauss na-efunarị nghọta ya. Ihe kpatara ọnwụ onye na-ede egwú tụgharịrị bụrụ ihe okike n'ihi afọ ndụ ya. Na Septemba 8, 1949, ọ nwụrụ.

ili nke Richard Strauss
ili nke Richard Strauss

Eziokwu na-adọrọ mmasị jikọtara ya na aha Strauss. A na-emehiekarị ya dị ka onye ikwu nke onye na-ede egwú ọzọ a ma ama, bụ́ Johann Strauss, bụ́ onye waltze o dere mere mere amara. Ma naanị ihe na-adọrọ mmasị bụ nke jikọrọ ndị egwú abụọ ahụ bụ mmasị ndị Nazi na-enwe mmasị na ịrị elu nke Adolf Hitler.

Ọrụ egwu

  • 1887 - "Si Ịtali"
  • 1889 - "Don Juan"
  • 1890 - "Macbeth"
  • 1895 - "Ụzọ aghụghọ nke Till Ulenspiegel"
  • 1896 - Otu a ka Zarathustra kwuru
  • 1898 - "Don Quixote"
  • 1904 - "Symphony Ụlọ"
  • 1905 - "Salome"
  • 1909 - "Electra"
  • 1911 - "The Knight nke Roses"
  • 1928 - "Helen nke Egypt"
  • 1935 - Nwanyị gbachiri nkịtị
  • 1938 - "Ụbọchị Udo"


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