Mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph - ka esi emepụta ha na otu

Mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph - ka esi emepụta ha na otu

§28. mmiri ara ehi. Lymph

Na mgbakwunye na ọbara, gburugburu ime ahụ bụ nke mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph.

Mmiri anụ ahụ bụ mmiri na-enweghị agba, nke na-apụtaghị ìhè nke sitere na plasma ọbara na-ejuputa oghere intercellular n'ime ahụ. Ọ na-abanye ebe a site na mgbidi arịa ọbara. N'ime okenye, ọ bụ ihe dịka 1-1-20 lita. A na-enwe mgbanwe mgbe niile n'etiti mmiri anụ ahụ na ọbara. A na-eme mkparịta ụka n'etiti sel na capillaries site na mmiri anụ ahụ. Oxygen (O a ) na nri nwere ike ịbanye na cell naanị n'ụdị ngwọta. Ya mere, site na capillaries, ha na-ebu ụzọ banye mmiri nke anụ ahụ, wee banye na sel nke akụkụ ahụ.

Ntinye uche nke carbon dioxide (CO2) nke etolite na sel, yana oke mmiri na ngwaahịa metabolic ndị ọzọ, dị iche na cytoplasm nke mkpụrụ ndụ na mmiri anụ ahụ. Ya mere, a na-ebu ụzọ wepụ ngwaahịa metabolic site na mkpụrụ ndụ n'ime mmiri anụ ahụ, na mmiri anụ ahụ na-abanye na capillaries. A na-ebute ihe ndị dị mkpa maka sel site na mmiri anụ ahụ sitere na capillaries. A na-ezobe carbon dioxide na ngwaahịa metabolic nke mkpụrụ ndụ n'ime mmiri anụ ahụ, wee banye n'ọbara. Mmiri anụ ahụ na-eme ka ọ dịgidere nkwụsi ike nke ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ nke sel nke akụkụ ahụ na anụ ahụ mgbe nhazi nke ọbara gbanwere. N'ịbụ onye na-abanye n'ime capillaries lymphatic, mmiri anụ ahụ na-atụgharị ghọọ lymph. Ọrụ nke mmiri anụ ahụ, lee tebụl. 3.

Lymph (site na lat. lymph mmiri) bụ mmiri mmiri na-acha odo odo na-acha odo odo (ihe jikọrọ anụ ahụ) nke na-esi na arịa lymphatic na ọnụ ọnụ mmadụ. Lymph bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke gburugburu ime ahụ. A na-emepụta ya site na mmiri anụ ahụ. Site na ngwakọta nke nnu ịnweta, ọ dị ka plasma ọbara. Ihe mejupụtara kemịkalụ nke lymph: 95% - mmiri; 34% - protein; 0.1% - glucose; 0.9% mineral salts. Mmadụ na-emepụta ihe dị ka lita 1.5 nke lymph kwa ụbọchị.

E jiri ya tụnyere plasma, enwere protein ole na ole na lymph, ya mere viscosity ya dị ntakịrị. Lymph nwere ikike ịchịkọta ọnụ. Dị ka ọbara, ọ na-agagharị mgbe niile. A na-anọchi anya leukocytes n'ime lymph site na lymphocytes. Ha na-etinye aka na nzaghachi mgbochi nke anụ ahụ, na-eme 19-30% nke leukocytes niile. Lymphocytes bụ obere mkpụrụ ndụ, na-enwe mmetụta nke ukwuu na ntinye nke ụmụ nje.

Ọrụ Lymph:

na-eweghachi mmiri nke anụ ahụ na sistem ọbara;

na-ehichapụ ụmụ nje ndị na-emerụ ahụ na ụmụ irighiri ihe ndị mba ọzọ na-abanye n'ime ahụ;

na-akwalite absorption nke abụba.

Na mgbakwunye na ndị bụ isi - ọbara, anụ ahụ mmiri na lymph (Table 3), articular, pericardial, cerebrospinal na pleural (pulmonary) mmiri mmiri na-ezo aka na mmiri mmiri gburugburu ebe obibi.

Ọkpụkpụ anụ ahụ, lymphocytes, lymphocytes.

MA

1. Kedu ihe bụ mmiri anụ ahụ? Ebee ka edobere ya?

2. Kedu ọrụ nke mmiri anụ ahụ na-arụ?

3. Kedu ihe e si emepụta lymph? Kedu ihe ndị dị na ya mejupụtara?

AT

1. Kedu ihe bụ mmiri anụ ahụ sitere? Kedu ka o si abanye n'ime oghere intercellular?

2. Kedu aha leukocytes na lymph?

3. Kedu ọrụ ndị lymphocytes na-arụ?

SITE

1. Kedu ihe bụ lymph? Kọwaa ihe mejupụtara ya.

2. Kpọọ ọrụ nke lymph.

3. Gịnị na-ezo aka n'ime ime nke ahụ? Kọwaa nkenke nke njirimara nke nke ọ bụla n'ime ihe mejupụtara ya.

Ahụ anyị bụ usoro mgbagwoju anya, na ihe ọmụma anyị miri emi banyere nhazi ya, otú ahụ ka ọ na-eju anya na ihe omimi dị ka ọ dị. Ihe dị n'ime ime ahụ, ebe enwere mgbanwe n'etiti mkpụrụ ndụ, bụ mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph. Kedu ka e si emepụta gburugburu ebe obibi, gịnị bụ ihe mejupụtara ya na ọrụ ya? Isiokwu a ga-agwa banyere ya.
Kedu ka e si emepụta mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph?

Isi ihe dị na gburugburu ebe obibi

Ezigbo gburugburu ebe obibi nke ahụ bụ mmiri anụ ahụ, nke na-ejide oghere intercellular. Ọbara dị ka akụkụ nke gburugburu ebe obibi adịghị abanye na sel nke ahụ. Mgbidi capillary kewapụrụ ya nke ọma ma jigide ihe mejupụtara ya. Mkpụrụ ndụ ọ bụla nwekwara akpụkpọ ahụ cytoplasmic. Usoro mbufe membrane na-enye metabolism, mana nke a na-eme site na ngbanwe nke ihe niile n'ime mmiri interstitial.
ọrụ nke ọbara lymph anụ ahụ mmiriLymph bụ akụkụ ọzọ nke gburugburu ebe obibi. Site na usoro ndu, anyị maara na lymph bụ mmiri mmiri nke a na-ahụ n'ime usoro lymphatic, usoro nke abụọ kachasị mkpa nke ahụ. N'ikwu ya n'ụzọ dị mfe, a na-ejikọta mgbasa ozi ndị a site na agbụ mechiri emechi: ọbara - interstitial fluid - cell - lymph - ọbara. Ọ bụ n'ụzọ dị otú a ka mgbanwe nke ngwaahịa metabolic, homonụ, ihe ndị dị ndụ na mgbanwe gas na-ewere ọnọdụ.

Ebe etiti etiti

Mkpụrụ ndụ niile nke ahụ anyị, na ihe dị ka otu narị puku ijeri n'ime ha, gbara gburugburu ebe mmiri mmiri jupụtara na nri. Nke a bụ mmiri nke anụ ahụ (interstitial). O nwere ihe mejupụtara ya na isoionia kwụsiri ike (ọta ion). N'ime ahụ anyị, olu ya dị ihe dị ka lita 20, nke a bụ ihe ruru 29% nke oke ibu. Ihe mejupụtara ya dị iche iche ma dabere na nkọwapụta nke anụ ahụ gbara ya gburugburu (ụkpụrụ cerebrospinal, akpa pleural na pericardial). Isi ihe mejupụtara ya bụ na enwere protein ole na ole n'ime mmiri intercellular, ọtụtụ shuga gbazere, amino acid na enzymes. Akụkụ bụ isi bụ mmiri nwere nnu gbazere, electrolytes, oxygen, carbon dioxide, ihe mkpofu nke mkpụrụ ndụ anyị.
atụmatụ maka ịmepụta mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph

Mmiri interstitial - ihe mmalite nke lymph

Site na oghere intercellular, akụkụ nke mmiri anụ ahụ na-alaghachi azụ n'ime ọbara, a na-ezigakwa akụkụ ya na arịa lymphatic. Ozugbo ahụ, ọ na-aghọ lymph dị n'akụkụ. Mgbe ọ gafechara otu ma ọ bụ abụọ lymph, ọ na-aghọ etiti, na tupu ịlaghachi n'ọbara (dịka ọmụmaatụ, na thoracic duct), ọ bụrịrị lymph Central. N'otu oge ahụ, site na mpụta ruo na etiti lymph jupụtara na ihe ndị nwere ọdịdị. N'ime ahụ anyị, e nwere ihe dị ka lita abụọ nke lymph, nke mejupụtara mmiri na ihe ndị kpụrụ: leukocytes, monocytes, segmented neutrophils, platelet, eosinophils na sel ndị ọzọ. Na mgbakwunye, lymph nwere abụba, protein na carbohydrates. Ngụkọta pasentị nke akụkụ lymph ndị a dịgasị iche dabere na anụ ahụ isi mmalite ya.
mgbasa nke mmiri anụ ahụ ọbara na lymph

Ọbara bụ ihe dị n'ime ime ahụ

Ọbara anyị na-etinye n'ime usoro arịa na capillaries, usoro ọbara na-enwekwa mgbaba ọbara mechiri emechi. Ọ na-agụnye akụkụ nke mmiri mmiri - plasma - na akụkụ nke ihe ndị a kpụrụ. Nwoke toro eto nwere ihe dị ka 40-47% nke ihe ndị a kpụrụ akpụ n'ọbara, ebe nwanyị nwere ihe ruru 42%. Ọbara dị na ahụ anyị ruru 8% nke arọ ahụ, nke bụ lita 6. Plasma ọbara nwere ihe mejupụtara ya mgbe niile: 91% - mmiri, ruo 8% - protein, ndị ọzọ - electrolytes, lipids, glucose, hormones na bioenzymes, vitamin complexes na gas gbazere. Ekere eke - mkpụrụ ndụ kpọmkwem (erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelet).
mgbasa nke mmiri anụ ahụ ọbara na lymph

Ịnya igwe mmiri mmiri

Mgbasa nke ọbara, mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph na-adịkarị mfe ma gosipụta ya na foto a. N'otu oge ahụ, akụkụ A na-egosi mgbasa ọbara na mpụta nke lymph, akụkụ B - ka esi emepụta mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph. Site na capillaries ọbara, n'okpuru ọrụ nke hydrostatic na oncotic mgbali, obere mmiri mmiri nke plasma ọbara na-abanye n'ime oghere intercellular, ebe ọ na-etolite n'ụdị colloidal na fibrous. Ụfọdụ n'ime ihe ndị a na-esi na mmiri anụ ahụ banye n'ime sel .Kedu ka e si emepụta lymph? Akụkụ nke mmiri ahụ na-abanye na capillaries lymphatic. A na-akwado ọpụpụ nke lymph site na mmegharị nkwekọrịta nke mgbidi arịa ọbara na ọnụnọ nke valves n'ime ha. Na-esote, lymph na-agafe n'ọnụ ọnụ lymph, bụ ebe a na-ehichapụ ya site na nsị ma mee ka ọ dịkwuo ụba na lymphocytes, wee laghachi n'ọbara site na nnukwu eriri lymph. Atụmatụ maka ịmepụta mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph, a na-egosi na ọ na-apụ apụ na ihe atụ na-esonụ.
mgbasa nke mmiri anụ ahụ ọbara na lymph

Usoro nke mgbanwe mmiri

N'ime anụ ahụ, a naghị eme mmegharị nke ọbara site na capillaries niile: ụfọdụ n'ime ha na-emechi, ụfọdụ na-emeghe. Nke a bụ ihe na-akọwa otú e si emepụta mmiri anụ ahụ na lymph n'otu mpaghara nke anụ ahụ. N'akụkụ akwara, a na-enyocha mmiri ahụ n'ime oghere intercellular ma n'ebe ahụ ọ na-agbakọta. Ka nrụgide nke oke mmiri na-emepụta na-abawanye, capillaries na-ebelata ma "na-emechi". N'otu oge ahụ, mpaghara ndị ọzọ capillary - ndị lymphatic - meghere. Usoro mmiri mmiri n'efu nke oghere anụ ahụ na-abanye n'ime ducts lymphatic na nrụgide dị na mpaghara a na-ebelata, nke na-eduga na mmeghe nke capillaries na-eruba ọbara.
mgbasa nke mmiri anụ ahụ ọbara na lymph

Ọrụ nke ọbara, lymph, mmiri anụ ahụ

Nkọwa nke mkpa nke gburugburu ebe obibi maka ịrụ ọrụ nkịtị nke ahụ anyị ga-ewe ihe karịrị otu ibe. Anyị na-edepụta naanị ọrụ ndị bụ isi:

  • Na-eme ka homeostasis nke oghere interstitial.
  • Protein, lipid na carbohydrate metabolism.
  • Mgbanwe gas, ibufe ngwaahịa hydrolysis nke nri.
  • Na-eme ka ngbanwe nke mmiri mmiri.
  • Njikọ ọchị nke anụ ahụ na akụkụ ahụ, usoro lymphatic na ọbara.
  • Mmejuputa usoro nke ụdị mgbochi ọ bụla.
  • Iwu nke metabolism ike site na ịnyefe biomolecules na-enye ike nke adenosine triphosphoric acid.


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