Kedu ihe bụ hydra coelenterates sitere na klaasị hydroid

Kedu ihe bụ hydra coelenterates sitere na klaasị hydroid

Ụdị Cnidarians gụnyere anụmanụ multicellular nwere radial (radial) symmetry.

Ya mere, ọnụ ọgụgụ ahụ na-egosi na site n'ahụ nke onye nnọchiteanya nke Coelenterates - hydra, a pụrụ ịdọrọ ọtụtụ ahịrị ahịrị (ụzarị) na-ekewa ya n'ime otu akụkụ (enyo). Na ikpuru nwere naanị otu ahịrị dị otú ahụ.

Symmetryanimals.png

Osikapa. \(otu\). akara anụmanụ

Ọdịdị nke organism nke ụmụ anụmanụ eriri afọ yiri sponges, ma eriri afọ cavities bụ ihe mgbagwoju.

Ihe ha pụrụ iche bụ ọnụnọ nke oghere eriri afọ, ebe enwere ike ịgbari nnukwu nri. N'ihi ya aha - eriri afọ.

Akụkụ ọzọ bụ ọnụnọ ọnụ. Naanị site na ọnụ oghere mmiri na nri na-abanye n'ime ahụ ha, a na-ewepụ ihe ndị na-adịghị agbari n'ahụ. Ọtụtụ coelenterates bụ anụ anụ.

Tụlee otu polyp hydra. A na-ejikọta hydra na mkpụrụ site na naanị ya. N'akụkụ ọnụ e nwere tentacles.

Hydra1 - oyiri.png

Osikapa. (2\). Eserese nhazi nke oghere eriri afọ (n'ihe atụ nke hydra mmiri ọhụrụ)

Dị ka sponges, hydra nwere ectoderm na endoderm, n'etiti ha bụ mesoglea. Otú ọ dị, na ọkwa ndị a, hydra nwere mkpụrụ ndụ ọhụrụ nwere ọrụ ụfọdụ.

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Osikapa. (3) Selụ nke elu na elu nke hydra 

 

 

Tinye uche!

Na ectoderm nke hydra e nwere epithelial-muscular, mkpasu iwe, ụjọ, ịmụ nwa na etiti (na-abụghị pụrụ iche);

na endoderm - sel digestive-muscular na glandular.

 

 

Ọrụ cell

1. Integumentary:  sel anụ ahụ-anụ ahụ  (usoro akwara).

2. Nchedo na mmepụta nri: mkpụrụ ndụ na-agba agba na capsule (eriri nwere ntutu dị nro na nsị). Imetụ ntutu dị nro aka na-eme ka eriri na-agba agba agba onye ahụ, nsi ahụ na-abanye n'ahụ onye ahụ ma mee ka ọ kpọnwụrụ akpọnwụ. 

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Osikapa. \(anọ\). Atụmatụ nhazi nke cell na-agba agba

3. Nghọta nke iwe: mkpụrụ ndụ akwara  na ogologo usoro na-emepụta netwọkụ ụjọ - usoro ụjọ na-agbasa.

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Osikapa. (5) Hydra nghọta nke mgbakasị ahụ

4. Mmepụta mmekọahụ: mkpụrụ ndụ mmekọahụ na- etolite akwa.

5. mgbaze intracavitary: mkpụrụ ndụ glandular na -ezobe enzymes n'ime oghere eriri afọ iji gbarie nri.

6. Mgbaze nke intracellular: sel digestive-muscular na flagella na pseudopods, nke na-enyere aka ijide nri maka mgbaze na vacuoles nke sel.

7. Ntughari: mkpụrụ ndụ ndị na-abụghị ndị pụrụ iche (n'etiti) na- agbanwe ghọọ ụdị mkpụrụ ndụ ọ bụla dị mkpa iji mee ka akụkụ ahụ dịghachi ndụ.

 

Knidocil bụ ntutu na-emetụ n'ahụ nke mkpụrụ ndụ hydra.

Enzymes bụ ihe na-eme ka usoro ndụ dị ngwa. Enzymes digestive bụ ihe na-eme ka mgbari nri dị ngwa.

 

Coelenterates na-amụpụta asexually (site na ntolite) na mmekọahụ.

N'oge mmeputakwa mmekọahụ, a na-emepụta akwa fatịlaịza, nke na-esi na ya na-esi na ya pụta. Ọ na-ejikọta na ala wee ghọọ polyp. Polyps ole na ole nwere ike ịmalite ógbè ma ọ bụ jeliifish nwa. Ya mere, enwere mgbanwe nke ọgbọ nke polyps agbakwunyere na jeliifish na-adị ndụ n'efu.

Uru nke coelenterates

Colonies nke coral polyps na-eme ka mmiri ozuzo na ọbụna àgwàetiti dum - atolls, nke bụ ihe ndị dị ndụ pụrụ iche.

Site na foduru nke coral polyps, a na-emepụta nkume calcareous, bụ ndị a na-eji arụ ọrụ, imewe, na nkà mmụta ihe ochie. 
 

A naghị ejikarị jeliifish eme nri.

Dị ka a na-achị, jellyfish adịghị mma maka ụmụ mmadụ, venom ha nwere ike ime ka ọkụ.

Isi mmalite:

Osikapa. 1. Amụma anụmanụ © YaKlass

Osikapa. 2. Atụmatụ nhazi nke coelenterates (na ihe atụ nke mmiri mmiri hydra) https://i0.wp.com/www.shutterstock.com/id/image-vector/structure-hydra-crosssection-polyp-educational-material- 1550947091

Osikapa. 3. Sel nke elu na elu nke hydra https://i0.wp.com/www.shutterstock.com/id/image-vector/structure-hydra-crosssection-polyp-educational-material-1550947091

Osikapa. 4. Eserese nke nhazi nke cell stinging © YaKlass

Osikapa. 5. Nghọta nke iwe site hydra © YaKlass

 

ule ajụjụ

Igwe mmiri mmiri Fig.2. Hydroid Obelia (dị ka Abrikosov) A-n'ozuzu echiche nke ógbè, B-iche alaka nke colon mgbe amụba; 1-hydrant, hydrant 2-ebelata, 3-theca, 4-kidney, 5-blastostyle nwere jeliifish na-emepe emepe, 6-hydrotheca, 7-gonotheca

2. Gịnị bụ oghere afọ?

Nyocha nke ihe ọmụmụ

7. Ebee ka ịtọgbọ gonads mmekọahụ na-ewere ọnọdụ?

Echiche nke Obelia - Obelia sp.

Mmepe4. Nyochaa ma see akụkụ transverse nke 6- na 8-mile coral polyps na mpaghara pharyngeal. (Fig 5) Kanye akara njirimara ha dị iche iche (na ederede).

• Dejupụta tebụl ma rịba ama atụmatụ na-aga n'ihu nke nhazi nke coelenterates.

Klas Coral polyps - Anthozoa

1. Nyochaa hydra na slide na akwụkwọ aka. Chepụta ọdịdị ya n'ozuzu ya. (fig.1)

Ihe na akụrụngwa

Lelee anemone nkịtị ma ọ bụ ịnyịnya - Actinia equina

A - anya site n'akụkụ ọnụ; B - akụkụ ogologo oge site na ropalia: 1 - ropalia; 2 - ọwa redio; 3 - ọwa anular; 4 - ọnụ ọnụ ọnụ; 5 - ọwa redio nke alaka; 6 - ụlọikwuu; 7- afo; 8 - ọnụ; 9 - afọ; 10 - eriri afọ na akpa nke afọ; 11 - ntụpọ pigmenti; 12 - peephole; 13 - statocysts

oghere gastric 5. Gịnị bụ diffous ụjọ usoro? Kedu ka ọ na-esi esiwanye mgbagwoju anya n'ime klas dị iche iche?

1- tentacles nwere batrị nke mkpụrụ ndụ na-agba ume; 2 - naanị; 3 - ngalaba gastric; 4 - osisi; 5 - akụrụ

Ụdị Aurelia - Aurelia aurita

2. Iji mụọ usoro nke mmiri hydroid polyps na-eji obelia dị ka ihe atụ. See otu alaka ụlọ ọrụ. (fig.2)

1. Olee otú ọtụtụ n'ígwé na-etolite mgbidi ahụ nke coelenterates na otú e si hazie ya na nnọchiteanya nke dị iche iche klaasị (hydra, aurelia, oké osimiri anemone)?

3. Kedu ka nhazi nke oghere gastric na-esiwanye mgbagwoju anya n'ime ụdị coelenterates?

Usoro akwara Klas Scyphozoa - Scyphozoa

9. Kedu ụdị ndụ nke coelenterates?

Ụzọ mmeputakwa 8. Kedu ihe dị iche n'etiti usoro ndụ nke scyphomedusa na usoro mmepe nke mmiri hydroid polyps?

10. Kedu ọrụ coelenterates na okike?

SymmetryView Hydra - Hydra sp.

1. Dogel V. A. Zoology nke invertebrates. M., 1981. S.114-143.

Osikapa. 1. Mmiri mmiri:

Osikapa. 3. Medusa Aurelia Aurita:

4. Sharova I. Kh. <Zoology of invertebrates: Proc. maka stud. agụmakwụkwọ ka elu ụlọ ọrụ.- M.: Humanit. Ed. Center VLADOS, 1999. S.122-150.

Hydra Squad - Hydrida

6. Kedu ụzọ mmeputakwa na-ahụkarị maka coelenterates?

Coral polyps fig. 4. Mmepe nke scyphomedusa Aurelia :

Iji mata peculiarities nke nzukọ nke eriri afọ cavities dị ka ala multicellular ụmụ anụmanụ na mbụ ogbo nke guzobe oge ochie anụ ahụ.

Hydroids klas - Hydrozoa

3. Frolova E. N. et al. Ọmụmụ ihe gbasara zoology invertebrate. M., 1983. S. 52-74.

Ebumnuche nke nkuzi

Ụdị eriri afọ - Coelenterata, ma ọ bụ Cnidaria

Fig.5. Akụkụ ntụgharị site na polyps-beam na isii (A-dị ka Hickson, B-dị ka Hyman): 1-pharynx, 2-pharyngeal oghere, 3-siphonoglyph, 4-ventral eduzi ụlọ, 5-septa, 6 -Muscular roller of the septum, 7- dorsal guiding chamber, 8-inner chamber between first order septa, 9-inner chamber between secondarily emerging septa, 10-intermediate chambers, 11-ectoderm, 12-endoderm, mesogley blackened

Ịtọkwa genital gonads ọganihu ọrụ

1 - akwa, 2 - planula, 3 - scyphistoma, 4 - cyphistoma na-eto eto, 5 - strobilation, 6-ether, 7 - jellyfish okenye (dị ka Bayer si kwuo)

Akwụkwọ aka, micropreparations, agịga dissecting, microscopes, tebụl, ụlọ ọrụ.

oyi akwa 2. Natalie VF Zoology nke invertebrates. M., 1975. S.108-139.

Nye iwu maka polyps hydroid mmiri - Leptolida

Scyphoid 3. Nyochaa Aurelia jellyfish na nkwadebe mmiri. Chepụta ọdịdị na eserese nke okirikiri ndụ ya. (Fig.3-4)

Ihe atụnyere4. Kedu ihe dị iche n'etiti 6 na 8 mile coral polyps?

• Kọwaa okwu ndị a: oghere afọ, usoro gastrovascular, siphonoglyph, ropalia, septa, planula.

ụdị ndụ

3. Mweghachi nke oghere eriri afọ na-eme n'ihi nkewa nke sel etiti

Oghere intestinal nke anụmanụ oge ochie bi n'oké osimiri, oke osimiri na mmiri ọhụrụ nwere radial ma ọ bụ radial symmetry nke ahụ.

The posterior ọgwụgwụ nke ahu tapers na-etolite na-akpọ stalk.

A na-eji mkpụrụ ndụ digestive-muscular kwadoro ya na flagella, site n'enyemaka nke a na-edozi ihe oriri.

7. Hydra na-eji ụdị mgbaze

Spam hydra jikọtara ya na akwa dị na mmiri. Site na akwa - akwa fatịlaịza, embrayo na-etolite, kpuchie ya na mkpuchi nchebe.

5. N'ime oghere eriri afọ ... .. usoro ụjọ ahụ

A na-eji Hydra mara ụdị mmeputakwa nke nwoke na nwanyị nwere oke nke nwoke na nwanyị.

Onye nnọchianya nke, dịka ọmụmaatụ, bụ ntutu Venus.

Hydra na-amụpụta mmekọahụ na ọnọdụ adịghị mma - na ọdịda.

Ihe dị iche iche nke iweghachi akụkụ ahụ furu efu - ịmaliteghachi - nwekwara hydra stalk - onye nnọchianya nke ụdị eriri afọ.

6. Mkpụrụ ndụ glandular na-etinye aka na mgbaze nke hydra dị na ... ..

Enwere ike iri ụfọdụ jeliifish.

Mpụ - ectoderm na n'ime - endoderm.

Ụdị Coelenterates na-ejikọta anụmanụ bilayer multicellular.

1. Cnidaria, gụnyere Hydroid klas. Ndị nnọchi anya klaasị a, dịka ọmụmaatụ, Korine hydroid, hydra na-akpụ akpụ, na jellyfish.

  • Epithelial-muscular, nke nwere myofibrils contractile dị ogologo oge.

Hydra na-eri nri na obere invertebrates, dị ka daphnia, cyclops.

2. Na coelenterates ... .. ozu symmetry

3. Mweghachi nke oghere eriri afọ na-eme n'ihi nkewa nke sel ...

Mgbe ọnọdụ dị mma mere, shei a na-agbawa, na-eto eto hydra na-esi na ya pụta.

Ka anyị lebakwuo anya na otu n'ime ndị nnọchianya nke oghere intestinal - hydra na-agbapụ.

Igwe oyi akwa nke abụọ nke ahụ Hydra bụ endoderm.

mmiri ara ehi hydra

Tinye okwu ziri ezi n'ime ahịrịokwu

Ụfọdụ coelenterates, dịka ọmụmaatụ, hydra, coral polyps, enweghị ụdị na-ese n'efu.

N'akụkụ nke ọzọ nke ahụ site na ọbụbụ ọnụ bụ oghere ọnụ. A na-agba ya gburugburu 6-12 tentacles.

7. Maka hydra, ụdị mgbaze bụ njirimara ...

Selụ ndị a na-etinye aka na mgbaze nke hydra.

2.N'ime oghere nke eriri afọ, radial (radial) symmetry nke ahụ

Lee foto a. Kedu ụdị mkpụrụ ndụ dị na hydra endoderm?

Lelee onwe gị ka i siri mụta ihe mmụta ọhụrụ ahụ.

N'ime ahụ nke hydra enwere oghere afọ ma ọ bụ eriri afọ.

1. eriri afọ ... abụọ oyi akwa anụmanụ

A na-achụpụ irighiri nri anaghị agbaze n'ọnụ.

Selụ dị n'etiti na-etinye aka na usoro nhazigharị hydra.

Onye na-eto eto n'otu n'otu na-agbapụ n'ahụ nne.

Na-enyocha ọrụ emechara

Mkpụrụ ndụ na-agba agba nwekwara ntutu dị nro.

4. Maka nchekwa na ọgụ, hydra nwere mkpụrụ ndụ na-agba agba nke dị na ectoderm

Ụdị Coelenterates na-ekewa n'ime subụdị:

Aha ụdị ahụ jikọtara ya na ọnụnọ nke oghere eriri afọ, nke bụ naanị otu n'ime ahụ nke anụmanụ ndị a.

A na-eziga anụ oriri ndị a na-ejide n'ụlọikwuu ahụ n'ime oghere eriri afọ, ebe usoro mgbaze na-ewere ọnọdụ.

Na na scyphoid jellyfish, ọ dịghị polyp ogbo.

4. Maka nchekwa na ọgụ, hydra nwere ... .. mkpụrụ ndụ dị na ... ..

Selụ glandular na-ezobe ihe ọṅụṅụ mgbari nri n'ime oghere eriri afọ.

Na coelenterates, a na-ahụ mgbanwe nke ọgbọ ma ọ bụ ụdị: polyp bụ ihe ejikọtara ọnụ na jellyfish bụ ụdị na-ese n'efu.

Ụdị eriri afọ. Njirimara izugbe.

Hydra na-ezo aka na aerobic ntule ma na-eji oxygen gbazere na mmiri maka iku ume, nke ọ na-amịkọrọ site n'elu ahụ.

1. eriri afọ ……. anụ ọhịa oyiri

N'etiti ectoderm na endoderm enwere efere na-akwado - mesoglea.

Aha hydra jikọtara ya na akụkọ ifo nke Gris oge ochie.

Anumanu nke eriri afọ na-ekere òkè dị ukwuu na okike. Ha na-eje ozi dị ka nri nduru na azụ̀. Coral na-etolite odida obodo n'okpuru mmiri - reefs. Akwa Barrier Reef na-agbatị n'akụkụ ụsọ oké osimiri Australia ruo ọtụtụ kilomita.

Selụ ndị a na-etolite pseudopods iji weghara irighiri nri na vacuoles digestive iji gbarie ha.

  • Ectoderm nwekwara mkpụrụ ndụ akwara ndị yiri kpakpando. Selụ ndị a na-ejikọta ọnụ site na usoro ma na-etolite usoro ụjọ na-agbasa.

N'ime endoderm, e nwere sel ndị na-eri nri, glandular.

N'etiti coelenterates e nwere ma ndị naanị ya na colonial anụmanụ.

“Ọ bụ nnukwu anụ nke nwere ahụ agwọ na isi dragọn itoolu. Hydra bi n'ime apiti dị nso n'obodo Lerna, wee si n'ọgba ya pụọ, bibie igwe anụ ụlọ ma bibie ihe niile gbara ya gburugburu. Ọgụ a na-alụ na hydra nwere isi itoolu dị ize ndụ n'ihi na otu isi ya anaghị anwụ anwụ. Hercules gawara njem ya na Lerna ya na nwa Iphicles bụ́ Iolaus. Ọ hụrụ ya n’ọgba nke apiti gbara ya gburugburu. N'ịbụ onye akụ ya na-acha uhie uhie, Hercules malitere ịhapụ ha ka ha banye n'otu n'otu n'ime hydra. Dị ka oké ifufe, otu osisi na-afụ ụfụ n'ikuku; isi hydra fepuru, mana hydra ka di ndu. Mgbe ahụ Hercules chọpụtara na na hydra, ndị ọhụrụ abụọ na-etolite n'ọnọdụ nke ọ bụla kụdara isi. N. Kuhn "Akụkọ na akụkọ ifo nke Gris oge ochie"

Na ectoderm nke hydra, a na-emepụta mkpụrụ ndụ mmekọahụ. Hydra a na-agbagharị agbagharị bụ hermaphrodite, ebe ọ bụ na a na-emepụta ma nwanyị ma nwoke na nwanyị mmekọahụ n'ime ahụ ya.

Hydra nwere ụdị mgbaze abụọ: intracellular na intracavitary.

Ọ bụ ezie na hydra bụ polyp ma na-eduga n'ụdị ndụ agbakwunyere, ọ na-agagharị mgbe ụfọdụ. N'otu oge ahụ, ọ nwere ike ime mmegharị ahụ yiri ihe mgbakasị ahụ, ya bụ, tụgharịa site na tentacles gaa n'ọzọ, ma ọ bụ dọkpụrụ tentacles na ọbụ.

6. Mkpụrụ ndụ glandular na-etinye aka na mgbaze nke hydra dị na endoderm

Ahụ nke hydra nwere akwa abụọ:

A na-ejikọta ya na mkpụrụ osisi site n'enyemaka nke naanị ya.

N'okpuru ọnọdụ dị mma, ọ na-amụba nwoke na nwanyị site n'ikewa ahụ ma ọ bụ ntoputa.

  • Mkpụrụ ndụ na-agba agba, nke dị ọtụtụ na tentacles nke hydra. Selụ ndị a nwere capsule nwere filament gbagọrọ agbagọ agbagọ.

Hydra bụ obere otu polyp, bụ nke klaasị Hydroid. Polyp a na-ebi n'ime mmiri mmiri na-adịghị mma ma ọ bụ nke dị ala.

  • Selụ interstitial ma ọ bụ interstitial nwere nnukwu oghere. Ndị a bụ mkpụrụ ndụ enweghị atụ nke nwere ike ịmepụta ụdị sel ndị ọzọ. 

Ọtụtụ anụmanụ na-achọta ebe mgbaba n'etiti akwa coral.

intracellular na intracavitary

Mkpụrụ ndụ na-agba agba na-eje ozi dị ka ụzọ nchebe na ọgụ. Iwe nke ntutu dị nro nke cell a na-eduga na ntọhapụ nke eriri nke na-apu n'ahụ onye ahụ. Site na ọwa nke eri ahụ, nsi na-esi na capsule na-abanye, nke na-eme ka ahụ kpọnwụrụ akpọnwụ ma ọ bụ gbuo onye ahụ.

Enwere ụdị sel dị iche iche na ectoderm:

N'oge ntoputa, a na-etolite tubercle na ahụ nke hydra - akụrụ na-eto eto, a na-emepụta tentacles na otu n'ime ya.

5. Coelenterates nwere a diffous ụjọ usoro

2. Na kwa subtype Ctenophora.


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