Русский военачальник генерал дроздовский михаил

Русский военачальник генерал дроздовский михаил

na South nke Russia (1918), isi nke 3rd Infantry Division nke Volunteer Army nke
njikọ na Volunteer Army
December 1917 na Romanian n'ihu na Iasi malitere etolite Mbụ (iche)
guzobe nke 1st iche iche Russian brigade
guzobere . ndị Volunteer Corps ka a ga-eziga na Don. Na White ije: na njedebe
na mmadụ (biographical ndu) Don Army 

N'ịbụ onye si Romania na-agafe n'ebe ndịda nke Ukraine maka ihe dị ka kilomita 1700, ọ bịarutere Rostov na mgbe
North Caucasus tọhapụrụ n'aka
ndị isi ọchịagha.
Maria (a mụrụ 1870) na Evgeny (a mụrụ 1873) nwụrụ n'ihi ọrịa ; nna nna Ivan Ivanovich, onye ndụmọdụ titular,
nwụrụ n'ihi ọrịa obi; nna Gordey Ivanovich (January 3, 1835 - January 15, 1908,
05/25/1918. Mgbe ahụ, o nyeere Don Cossacks aka idebe Novocherkassk, ebe
General Staff Academy si pụta (1908). Onye òtù nke Russo-Japanese War of 1904 - 1905:
Cadet Corps (1899), Pavlovskoye Military School (
detachment nke Colonel Drozdovsky, nke gụnyere Nikolai
Rutych.


Onye isi ndị ọrụ nke 15th Infantry Division, 01-04.1917; ọchịagha nke 60th petaldry nke ndị agha
na-esonye na akụkụ nke atọ nke osisi ezinụlọ dị mma nke akwụkwọ nke mpaghara Poltava
, General Drozdovsky merụrụ ahụ n'ụkwụ nke
agha isi ike na nkeji uhie, napụtara obodo ahụ n'aka ike nke ndị agha. Ndị Bolshevik

Ndị òtù
nke ọbara January 1, 1919 na Rostov. E liri ya na
ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo. N'adịghị ka usoro nke isi ụlọ ọrụ
11.1917. Na-enweghị ọrụ, ọ hapụrụ n'ihu maka Iasi, bụ ebe General Shcherbachev
nke formations, a detachment nke Russian ọrụ afọ ofufo
(08/07/1863), na ndabere nke a iwu nke na-achị Senate maka Department of the
Queen nke Hellene Olga. Konstantinovna na Piraeus Greece), Ulyana (1869 - 1921),
Agha Ụwa Mbụ (nduzi biographical).

brigade nke ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo Russia. Nkewa a nke ihe dị ka ndị agha 1000 (in

Agha obodo 1918-1920 na Russia (usoro oge
ọchịagha nke 168th Infantry Reserve Ostrog Regiment (1892-96); ọnụ
a eketa nobleman; nne Nadezhda Nikolaevna (1844 - 25.8.1893,
rutere May 27, 1918 n'ime obodo nke Mechetenskaya. ebe Naanị mmadụ isii maara
iwu nke Colonel Drozdovsky .

Ọcha ije nke
rejimenti. Georgievsky Cavalier. Na njedebe nke agha

VSYUR

ma buru ya na nkewa site na
21 Eprel weghaara Rostov mgbe agha isi ike na
Major General nke General Staff gasịrị. Ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Kiev
Novorossiysk na Sevastopol. Ọzọ nzuzo a
égbè regiment) na Agha Ụwa Mbụ. AT

DROZDOVSKY Mikhail Gordeevich (07.10.1881-01.01.1919).
uhie. October 31, 1918 na nso Stavropol

Ihe eji eme ihe nke akwụkwọ: Valery
nke ndị agha. Ọbá akwụkwọ akụkọ ihe mere eme ndị agha. M., 2003.

ọchịagha nke 14th Infantry Division (11/24/17-12/11/17), haziri a Bureau na Odessa.

onye raara iyi eze nye ma gosi otutu ndetu biographical
, otutu ndi isi) sitere na Iasi na 02/26/1918 rue Don.

akpọgharịrị 3rd Infantry Division na
ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo (ruo ndị agha 2,000). Ọ bịarutere na 05/27/1918 n'ime obodo Mechetinskaya, ebe ọ nọ
n'usoro si Romania na Rostov, Drozdovsky
unit na Volunteer Army na
a kwalitere General Denikin,
zụlitere nwa nwoke na ụmụ nwanyị 4: Yulia (1866 - 07/). 01/1922, ebe a na-eli ozu Russia aha ya bụ E.K. Division, 09.1915
- 09.1916. merụrụ ahụ. Ọgwụgwọ mgbe ọ merụrụ ahụ, 09.1916 - 01.1917. Clawing
, Agha Obodo na Russia: White
Life Guards Volynsky Regiment.
Tebụl onye sonyere).

ndị mmadụ (ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ) n'okpuru ndị
nnupụisi megide Reds, jide
nkewa, 05.1918 - 01.01.1919. E merụrụ 10/31/1918 n'apata ụkwụ dị nso na Stavropol. Ọ nwụrụ
na February 26, 1918 si Iasi na Don maka
Novocherkassk. Mgbe ezumike na Novocherkassk

lee: akwụkwọ akụkọ Novocherkassk "Oge mgbede" Nke 141 nke Nọvemba 30, 1918

Ná mmalite nke agha na 1914, na ngalaba na-arụ ọrụ nke
kiota, aha ya, na ndị agha afọ ofufo, a na-akpọ tank "General
egbe mgbo. Ugbua n'ụlọ ọgwụ na November 8, 1918, ndị
kasị elu n'ọkwa nke Volunteer Army na
ọchịagha-na-isi, General A. I. Denikin. Na

Army General M. V. Alekseev na ya
iwu nke Drozdov division si
detachment nke Colonel Drozdovsky bụ ụlọ
akwụkwọ na Nikolaev Academy
nke General Kornilov. N'ịbụ onye gafere njem ahụ
(12.4.2019).

iche. Onye òtù nke Agha Ụwa Mbụ: onye isi na isi ụlọ ọrụ nke South-Western Front na
(1855), ọchịagha nke 3rd ebe e wusiri ike Kovno battalion (11/22/90-12/92),
Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Province.) ada Nikolai. Dirin, onye agha ezumike nka,
Eprel 1917 - ọchịagha nke isi ụlọ
ọrụ 60th Zamosc nke ndị agha 27th, 07.1914 - 09.1915; onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ndị agha 64th
(20.2.1864); na Yekaterinodar, a na-ese ihe ngosi akara ngosi na nsọpụrụ ya, bụ nke a na-edebe n'ime
obodo nke onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ngalaba 15th nke ndị agha. N'ime
(14.1.2014)"; na Voronezh: ụlọ oriri na ọṅụṅụ "White General" na ụlọ nke nkwari akụ
Drozdovsky Mikhail Gordeevich

Drozdovsky" (1919); na facade nke Ngalaba Traumatology na Orthopedics nke Rostov
Yekaterinodar n'oge mgbagha na March 1920.

Drozdovsky Mikhail Gordeevich (October 7, 1881, Kiev - January 1, 1919, Rostov-on-Don) Vyacheslav Yudin kere gallery e liri na Sevastopol mgbe ọ na-
ahazi Bristol Volunteer Army
, bụ ebe isi ụlọ ọrụ nke White ije dị .
Ebe olili ozu
emeela ihe karịrị puku mmadụ abụọ ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo na
Katidral Ekaterinodar. Igbe ozu na ntụ nke
gangrene 01/01/1919 na Rostov. Site na 01/17/1919, 3rd Infantry Division ghọrọ

Voronezh Territory akụkọ ihe mere eme ihu nke
Eserese nke ndị isi agha si ọrụ (2013) nke omenkà Trofimov D.A. (a mụrụ 1972), ọ bụghị
(1920); nwunye (1907) Olga Vladimirovna Evdokimova (1883 - ps1912) ada
nke White Cross Hospital; debere akwụkwọ akụkọ agha (20.2.18-21.4.18), ebe ọ na-arụtụ aka na
(1918), ụlọ nkwakọba ihe ahaziri maka mkpa ndị agha na Novocherkassk na Rostov; maka ndị merụrụ ahụ
, a ga-akpọ ya "Nke atọ General Drozdovsky Infantry Division."

na-atọhapụ ndị Kuban na North Caucasus na Bolshevik. Ọchịagha nke 3rd Infantry
Onye Ndú Kasị Elu nke Volunteer

Vsevelikoye
zutere Generals Alekseev na Denikin (n'isi ụlọ ọrụ nke ọchịagha na-ahụ
maka idekọ ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo (12/15/17), nhazi na onye ndú nke White ije nke ụmụ
obere obere. Colonel. Ná mmalite nke 1917. ọ bụ
isi ụlọ ọrụ nke 64th Division (1915-17), onye na-ejide usoro St. George 4th klas (11/20/1917),
n'ihu, n'ihu ya, ndị
agha nke South Russia malitere.
Medical University arụnyere ihe ncheta ncheta "Nye Russian Knight of Honor of the General.
Volunteer Army mgbe Kornilov nwụsịrị). Detachment Drozdovsky
ga-ejikọta ya na Volunteer Army, na-ejuputa ya detachment na efu nke ọhụrụ
Colonel (01.1917). Major General (11/08/1918). Ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Kyiv Vladimir

Ná ngwụsị nke December 1917 na Iasi, na Romanian,
otu onye uwe ojii na 34th Siberian regiment, merụrụ ahụ n'agha, e nyere ihe ịrịba ama agha.

baajị ndị agha "Drozdovites"

Eserese si https://i1.wp.com/i1.wp.com/pravaya.ru/

Ndị ọrụ izugbe (1908). Ọ hapụrụ ụlọ akwụkwọ ahụ na
mkpọsa, n'ihi nke a kwalitere Kuban na
Major General (11/8/1918) dị ka Statute \ St. George Cross \, onye isi.

Ndị ọrụ nke ngalaba Drozdov. 1920 Galipoli.

Eserese sitere na saịtị https://i1.wp.com/i1.wp.com/pravaya.ru/
Zamosc regiment, 04 - 11.1917; ọchịagha (onyeisi) nke 14th Infantry Division, ya

Drozdovsky Mikhail Gordeevich (1881-1919) -
ụlọ ọgwụ na Novocherkassk, na Rostov na nkwado nke Prọfesọ N.I. Napalkova
họpụtara ọchịagha nke 14th Infantry Division.

ụzọ okporo osisi na Voronezh (1.4.19); Ihe ncheta "Drozdovites si Yass ruo Gallipoli"

Tebụlụ ọkwa (lee ọkwa)

M.G.Drozdovsky.
Cadet Corps, Pavlovsky agha
akụkọ ihe mere eme nke White ije, M., 2002.

E wepụrụ General Drozdovsky

A na-eji ihe ndị dị n'akwụkwọ ahụ:
Priluki, Poltava Province.) Major General (03/15/1896), onye na-ekere òkè na nchekwa nke Sevastopol
, a na-ekenye ihe ngosi, nke a na-
ahazi na 3rd Infantry Division ma sonye na 2nd. Mgbasa ozi Kuban,
ndị agha Drozdovsky nyeere ndị Cossacks aka, ndị
Romanian n'ihu, nke nwere ihe dị ka 1 puku.

họọrọ dị ka a mara mma ala na nkọwa nke Poltava noble mgbakọ nke
Russian-Japanese (na n'usoro nke 34th East Siberian
M.G. Drozdovsky. Ọ nwụrụ nke ọnya na ụlọ a na January 01 [14 n.s.] January 1919 "
n'ihu. Na 1915 - Onye isi ndị ọrụ nke 60th
Directorate nke Quartermaster General nke North-Western
sonyere na agha niile nke 2nd Kuban
Romanian Front iji kwụsị ndị dị otú ahụ.

Map mkpọsa - Drozdovsky: akara aka nke onye echiche na agha obodo |  Portal akụkọ ihe mere eme ndị agha Warspot.ru

  • Turkul A. V. Drozdovtsy na ọkụ: Foto nke Agha Obodo, 1918–1920. Munich, 1947.

A mụrụ Drozdovsky na Kyiv na ezinụlọ nke onye isi n'ozuzu, onye so na nchekwa nke Sevastopol. Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Kyiv Cadet Corps na 1899, Drozdovsky banyere Pavlovsk Military School. Ebe ọ bụ na 1901 ọ jere ozi na Life Guard Volynsky Regiment, na 1904 ọ banyere Academy nke General Staff. Na nkenke, mmalite mara mma nke ọrụ.

Na mmalite nke agha Russo-Japanese, Drozdovsky na-arụsi ọrụ ike bụ nke 34 nke Siberia Regiment. N'akụkụ Liaoyang, e merụrụ ya n'apata ụkwụ, natara Order nke St. Stanislaus na Order nke St. Anne maka agha ahụ.

Mikhail Drozdovsky. https://i1.wp.com/i1.wp.com/www.pravmir.ru/
  • Shishov A. V. General Drozdovsky. Njem akụkọ ifo sitere na Yass ruo Kuban na Don. — M.: Tsentrpoligraf, 2012.
  • Drozdovsky M.G. Akwụkwọ akụkọ. Berlin: Otto Kirchner & Co., 1923.

Agbanyeghị, nkọwa nke agha ahụ nyere iwu nke ya. Drozdovsky dere, sị: “Ma n'ozuzu, agha obodo bụ ihe jọgburu onwe ya; ụdị obi ọjọọ ọ na-ewebata n'omume, na ụdị obi ọjọọ na ịbọ ọ́bọ̀ ọ na-etinye n'obi; dị egwu bụ mmegwara obi ọjọọ anyị, egwu dị egwu bụ ọṅụ ahụ, ịṅụbiga mmanya ókè na igbu ọchụ, nke na-abụghị ndị ọbịa nye ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo.

Tank "Drozdovsky"
Ndị agha ahụ mere njem ruo 60-65 km kwa ụbọchị. Ma, n'agbanyeghị mgbalị nile nke ọchịagha ahụ, ọtụtụ n'ime ụgbọ ala ndị agha na-emecha furu efu - ọ bụ nanị otu ụgbọ ala-egbe agha ka fọdụrụ. Nke a akwụsịghị Drozdovsky. Ọ nọ na-arụsi ọrụ ike na-emepụta uwe ọhụrụ maka ndị agha, n'etiti agha ọ chọtara oge iji zụọ ndị agha ya, gụnyere ndị na-agba egbe. A na-edobe ịdọ aka ná ntị siri ike n'ụzọ ọ bụla kwere omume.

Ma ugbu a - nrọ na-emezu, agha Europe na-abịa, nke ga-anọgide na ncheta nke ụmụ dị ka Agha Ụwa Mbụ. Agha na Germany nke Drozdovsky weere dị ka onye iro dị mkpa.

Nke a nwere ike na-atụle nkịtị mkpesa na ebumnuche nke squeezing si ọzọ uru site n'akụkụ ya, ma ọ bụrụ na ... n'oge na-adịghị Drozdovsky n'onwe ya egosighi na ziri ezi nke ebubo site onwe ihe atụ. Obere ọnyá ọzọ na ụkwụ, gangrene, asatọ (!) Ọrụ na - ọnwụ. Ọ bụ ihe e ji mara na a weghachiri ya akụkọ ahụ na Drozdovsky na ndetu "Onye isi nchịkwa achọghị ịgụ."

Mikhail ghọrọ onye isi ndị ọrụ nke ngalaba 64, mgbe ahụ 26th corps. Maka ihe ndị ọ rụzuru n'oge Agha Ụwa Mbụ, e nyere ya onyinye ugboro ugboro. N'ịzụlite ndị agha n'August 1916 na mwakpo a na Ugwu Capul, Colonel Drozdovsky merụrụ ahụ nke ukwuu na ogwe aka ma ọ naghị arụ ọrụ ruo Jenụwarị 1917. Aka nri ya erubereghị ya isi ruo ọgwụgwụ nke ndụ ya. Na February na October mgbanwe ruo mgbe ebighị ebi na-agbanwe ma akara aka nke Drozdovsky na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke mba dum.

N'agbanyeghị ike na-ekpo ọkụ, ka ọ na-erule February 20, 1918, Drozdovsky nwere ike ikpokọta ndị agha nke ... otu puku mmadụ si n'akụkụ niile. Ọ bụ ihe kwesịrị ịrịba ama na n'ime ya e nwere ndị agha 370 maka ndị ọrụ 667 (yana ndị dọkịta na ndị ụkọchukwu 14, ndị nọọsụ 12). N'ihe dị ka n'otu oge ahụ, na Don dị anya, General Kornilov, na-ele anya na ndepụta ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo, jụrụ, sị: "Ndị ọrụ ọrụ niile nọ ebe a, olee ebe ndị agha nọ?" N'otu aka ahụ, ọrụ afọ ofufo nyere mmụọ dị elu, ịdọ aka ná ntị na ezigbo ọzụzụ nke onye ọ bụla nke ndị agha. N'aka nke ọzọ, iji ndị ọrụ ọrụ dịka ndị agha nkịtị bụ ihe mkpofu kachasị dị ọcha. Na nke a ga-alaghachikwute White ihe karịrị otu ugboro.

"Ndị Drozdovites ji nzọụkwụ siri ike jee ije"

Otú ọ dị, n'agbanyeghị obere ihe nkedo ahụ, Drozdovsky na-enwe ihe ịga nke ọma na ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ gaghị ekwe omume: agha iji weta ndị agha si Romania na Don site na mmiri mmiri - 1200 kilomita n'ime ọnwa abụọ. Olee otú o si mee ya?

  • Akụkọ banyere ndị agha Britain, South Russia site n'aka Gen. Holman, Ọktoba 8, 1919. CHAR 16/29, CCAC.
Captain Drozdovsky, 1913 wikipedia.org/ - Drozdovsky: akara aka nke onye na-eche echiche na agha obodo |  Portal akụkọ ihe mere eme ndị agha Warspot.ruNa mmalite nke agha Balkan, Drozdovsky, onye bụbu onye isi, na-achọsi ike ịlụ ọgụ ọzọ, ma ọ dịghị ekwe ka ọ gaa agha. Anyị ga-enwe afọ ojuju na ntakịrị - ọzụzụ zuru oke maka onye na-anya ụgbọelu (ụgbọ elu 12 na Nieuport na Farmman) na Sevastopol Aviation School. Drozdovsky lere ofufe anya "ọrụ na-akpali akpali." N'ihi ịdị nso n'oké osimiri, Mikhail jisiri ike gaa na armadillo maka agbapụ ndụ na ọbụna gaa n'oké osimiri n'ime ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri, ma banyekwa n'okpuru mmiri na mgbịrịgba mmiri.

Site na Yass ruo Novocherkassk

Tank "Drozdovsky" https://i1.wp.com/i1.wp.com/klin-demianovo.ru/ - Drozdovsky: akara aka nke onye na-eche echiche na agha obodo |  Portal akụkọ ihe mere eme ndị agha Warspot.ruOtú ọ dị, mgbe njikọ ahụ a na-echere ogologo oge, nwoke ahụ zọpụtara ndị agha ọcha nke South Russia na-akwaga n'otu akụkụ. Ọnwa ole na ole ka e mesịrị, Drozdovsky nyefere akụkọ na-enweghị isi. Nkewa ya anaghị anata ngwa ọgụ ọhụrụ na mgbakwunye, ebe ọ nọ na-alụ ọgụ na-aga n'ihu otu ọnwa dum. Enweghị shells na katrij, uwe na akpụkpọ ụkwụ. Drozdovsky dere, sị:

 

Gaa na map

Ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ afọ ise ka Drozdovsky nwụsịrị na Yakutia, ọchịagha ndị ọcha ọzọ a ma ama, bụ́ Pepelyaev, ji ndị agha chịlie aka elu. Na talent ya (ọ ghaghị ịnakwere, ndị buru ibu) ezughịkwa maka ịga nke ọma. Mgbalị ikpeazụ e mere imeghachi agha obodo ahụ dara. Na ọtụtụ n'ime ndị ndú nke ndị ọcha ije n'oge a nile "aghọtaghị ihe ọ bụla na-amụtaghị ihe ọ bụla."

Onye ọchịchị siri ike (nke bụ ụkọ na 1917), Drozdovsky n'ihu ndị Romania dị anya na-enwe oge siri ike na mwepụ nke Nicholas nke Abụọ n'ocheeze. O siri ike ọbụna ịnọgide na-eje ozi megide ọnọdụ ọgba aghara ọhụrụ na mba ahụ. Site na December 1917, Drozdovsky nwere echiche ịlụ ọgụ na ihu ọhụrụ - nke dị n'ime. Nke mbụ, na ndị Bolshevik.

Onye ọrụ, pilot, submariner

Captain Drozdovsky, 1913 wikipedia.org/

Dị ka ihe ndị sochirinụ gosiri, ihe si na White pụta bụ ihe dị iche. N'ọgụ, ha amaghị ọ bụghị naanị ọnọdụ nke ndị iro, ma mgbe mgbe ọbụna ntinye nke ndị agha nke ha. A kpalitere obi ọjọọ ọbụna n'ihe metụtara ndị uwe ojii e jidere: “N'ime ndị ọchịagha ndị ahụ na-acha uhie uhie e jidere bụ onye agha ochie. "Ehee, gị, nne na-agbaji! .. O wee ruo n'ọkwa, nne gị!... " Colonel Manstein kwughachiri, na-agbanye gbọmgbọm nke revolver n'ime ezé gbajiri agbakasị nke onye mkpọrọ ahụ. Ma n'otu oge ahụ, ọbụna ndị a ma ama unit ga-mejupụtara na ndị agha Red Army weghaara. Ihe ga-esi na ya pụta bụ amụma. Turkul dere:“Ọ dị m ka nke a bụ ihe efu nke ahụ ọkụ typhoid m: ka ndị agha anyị nke abụọ na-agba ọkụ n’enweghị agbụ, ka ndị egbe anyị si welie aka ha, ka ha na-eji ụgbụgbọ egbe agba egbe n’ala, ka isi na-efegharị n’ikuku. Battalion nke abụọ bịarutere nso ndị Reds. Ndị agha anyị ahapụla. Ọ dịghị mgbe, ọ bụghị n'otu agha, anyị chịliri elu n'ìgwè. Ọ bụ njedebe."

Nke abuo, Drozdovsky mụrụ anya na mpaghara nke agha n'ọdịnihu. Ọ chịkọtara akwụkwọ akụkọ nke obodo ndị gbara ya gburugburu, sitekwa n'enyemaka nke ụlọ ọrụ redio dị ike, ọ nwere ike "ịnweta" ozi ọma na mgbasa ozi ọbụna site n'Ebe Ọdịda Anyanwụ Ụwa nke Agha Ụwa. N'ihi nyocha nke ọma, ndị otu ahụ maara mgbe niile kpọmkwem ebe ndị mmegide ha nọ na ihe ejikere.

October 19, 1881 Mikhail Drozdovsky mụrụ - otu n'ime ndị kasị ama ọchịagha nke Civil War, akụkọ ifo maka ndị ọcha na ndị kasị njọ iro maka Reds. Ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ihe niile mere n'ikpeazụ bute mmeri nke òtù ndị ọcha na-adabere na akara aka ya.

https://i1.wp.com/i1.wp.com/klin-demianovo.ru/

Na nso Rostov, n'oge dị oke egwu n'agha ahụ, Drozdovsky nyere iwu ka ndị agha ịnyịnya ... na-eji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-aga n'ugwu na-emeghe, na oge dị n'etiti ndị na-agba ọsọ nke 30 nzọụkwụ - na-ama ụma kpughee ndị agha ịnyịnya na ọkụ ndị iro. Otú ọ dị, "ara" a nwere ezi ihe kpatara ya - mgbe ndị agha na-akụ ndị agha ịnyịnya na-adịghị ahụkebe, na-akpata obere mfu na ya, ndị agha ahụ gbakere wee gaa agha ahụ.

Nke mbụ, site na nko ma ọ bụ site na crook, ụlọ ọrụ ahụ jisiri ike nweta teknụzụ kachasị ọhụrụ. Ndị Drozdovites nwere ugwu, obere ogbunigwe na nnukwu ogbunigwe, batrị ngwa agha, ụlọ ọrụ redio, ụgbọ ala na gwongworo, gwongworo tankị, ọgba tum tum, egbe egbe na ụgbọ ala nwere egbe. N’ezie, ndị agha ịnyịnya na ụgbọ ịnyịnya dịkwa.

N'ikpeazụ, na mgbede May 7, Drozdovites banyere Novocherkassk. Ugbu a, ọ bụlarị puku mmadụ abụọ na ọkara, ndị nwere ihe karịrị shells 8,000 na mgboagha 200,000. Mgbe ntinye nke Drozdovsky n'ime obodo ahụ, ndị agha ọcha nke obodo mụbara n'ezie okpukpu abụọ.

Ọ bụ ihe kwesịrị ịrịba ama na ọ bụghị ihe kwesịrị ekwesị ịta onye ọ bụla ụta, ma ọ bụghị naanị ndị Britain, maka ndị agha dara ogbenye na South Russia. Ruo n’October 1, 1919, ha nyere Denikin otu ụzọ n’ụzọ atọ nke otu nde uwe mkpuchi, otu ọnụ ọgụgụ akpụkpọ ụkwụ ahụ, ihe karịrị otu ụzọ n’ụzọ atọ nke otu nde jaket, sọks abụọ ruo nde atọ, na ihe ndị ọzọ. Ọ bụ ndị Britain dọrọ ndị ọcha aka ná ntị ka ha ghara "ịdọrọ" uwe zuru oke, nke mere ka o kwe omume ịkwado ndị agha ozugbo site n'isi ruo na mkpịsị ụkwụ ma na-achịkwa ngwa ngwa ngwa ngwa. Ebe ọ bụ na ọ bụ naanị akụkụ nke ndị ọrụ ahụ ka e nyere, nke a "meghere ụzọ" maka uwe ọ bụghị ndị agha, kama na ahịa ahịa kacha nso. Ọ bụrụ na amụma ha gara nke ọma, ndị Britain tụrụ anya na "ngalaba anyị (ya bụ, ndị ọcha) agaghị adị ka òtù Bolshevik . "

A ga-ekenye aha Drozdovsky na ngalaba ya na ọbụna tankị. A ga-echefu ụkpụrụ niile nke colonel. Ugbu a Turkul, bụ́ ọchịagha ikpeazụ nke ndị Drozdovite ahụ, na-ekwu n’ụzọ na-adịghị mma na 1919, sị: “Ndị agha Soviet Lebedinsky ma ọ bụ Sumy, bụ́ ndị agha Latvia nke mbụ ma ọ bụ nke abụọ ha, yi uwe mara mma, yie akpụkpọ ụkwụ na-ekpo ọkụ. Anyị nwere uwe mkpuchi bekee nke ikuku na-efe efe, akpụkpọ ụkwụ agwụla agwụ, akwa oyi akwa kpuchie isi anyị.

  • Drozdovsky na ndị Drozdovites. - M.: Posev, 2006.
  • Venus G.D. Agha na ndị mmadụ. Ọnwa iri na asaa na Drozdovites. M.-L., 1926.

“Ọnọdụ nke ngalaba ịdị ọcha dị egwu - juputara na mkpesa nke enweghị nlekọta, ndị dọkịta na-eleghara anya, nri ọjọọ, unyi na ọgba aghara n'ụlọ ọgwụ. Lelee ọnụ ọgụgụ nke mbepụ mgbe obere mmerụ ahụ gasịrị - nsonaazụ nke nsị ọbara, nke na ọnọdụ nke oge a nke ịwa ahụ bụ ihe omempụ; N'ime ngalaba m n'oge na-adịbeghị anya, a gbupụrụ ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ nwere obere ọnya ma ọ bụ nwụọ n'ihi nsị ọbara ... ma kpochapụ ndị nwere obi ike ikwu okwu n'ihu ọha. Ndị agha afọ ofufo ga-ada n'ezie maka otu ihe ahụ?

Na e nwere ọtụtụ ndị mmegide - Austro-German, Bolsheviks na Ukraine. Na Bolshevik, ihe niile doro anya site na mmalite - naanị mgba na-enweghị obi ebere. Mmekọrịta na ndị Germany na Drozdovsky detachment bụ, site na ntinye aka ya, ihe dị ịtụnanya: "enyemaka, nlezianya siri ike, na esemokwu na ndị Ukraine - mgbe niile n'akụkụ anyị, nkwanye ùgwù na-enweghị atụ ... Ndị Germany bụ ndị iro, ma anyị na-asọpụrụ ha, ọ bụ ezie na anyị na-asọpụrụ ha. anyị asị ha ... Ukrainians - na e nwere nanị nlelị ha, dị ka renegades na unbridled òtù. Ndị Jamanị nwere nlelị na-enweghị isi maka ndị Ukraine, mmegbu, na-achụgharị.”

Mikhail Drozdovsky.  https://i1.wp.com/i1.wp.com/www.pravmir.ru/ - Drozdovsky: akara aka nke onye echiche na agha obodo |  Portal akụkọ ihe mere eme ndị agha Warspot.ruỊlaghachi na ụlọ akwụkwọ mmuta, Drozdovsky gụsịrị akwụkwọ na 1908. Ugbua n'ime mgbidi nke ụlọ akwụkwọ mmuta ahụ, ha hụrụ n'azụ ya ịhụnanya maka "teknụzụ igwe" - ụgbọ elu na balloons, ụgbọ ala na ụgbọ ala agha, ụgbọ oloko agha. N'otu ebe ahụ, Drozdovsky dere ọrụ atụmatụ "On Future Russian-German War", nke ghọrọ amụma n'ọtụtụ ụzọ.

A mụrụ General Mikhail Drozdovsky na October 19 ma ọ bụ 7 (dị ka kalenda ochie), 1881. Ọbụna n'oge ndụ ya, ọ ghọrọ akụkọ akụkọ nke oge ya. Russian General Drozdovsky Mikhail Gordeevich keere òkè na mbụ World, Civil, Russo-Japanese War. Ọ ghọrọ onye na-akwado òtù Belykh nke dị n'ebe ndịda Russia.

Uru

A ghọtara General Drozdovsky dị ka onye mbụ n'etiti ndị ọcha nke kwupụtara n'ihu ọha na ọ nọgidere na-etinye aka na eze n'oge ịrịgo na nkwanye ùgwù zuru ụwa ọnụ nke Reds. Ọ ghọrọ naanị otu n'ime ndị isi agha nke oge ahụ jisiri ike mepụta ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo. General M. G. Drozdovsky kpọpụtara ha ozugbo site n'ihu agha gaa Dobrarmia, ebe ha jikọtara ọnụ. Ọ ghọrọ Cavalier nke Orders of the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Prince Vladimir, St. George, na St. Anna. General Drozdovsky nwetara nrite nke Russian-Japanese, Patriotic agha, "Na ncheta nke 300th ncheta nke ọchịchị nke Romanov usoro eze."

Drozdovsky M.G.

Afọ ntorobịa

White General Drozdovsky bụ nke ọbara mara mma, nke sitere na Poltava. Obodo nke dike n'ọdịnihu bụ Kyiv. N'oge ntorobịa ya, o liri nne ya, nwanne ya nwanyị nke tọrọ Julia zụlitere, onye nọchiri nne na nna ya. Ọ bụ ezigbo nwanne ebere onye so na mkpọsa agha. O nwere ihe nrite. Dị ka akụkụ nke ndị agha Drozdovsky, a kpọpụrụ ya n'ebe ndịda. Ọ nwụrụ n'ala Gris.

Dị ka General Bessonov na-agba akaebe, Lieutenant Drozdovsky lụrụ nwanyị mara mma Olga Evdokimova, bụ onye nwere ọchịchọ na-arụ ọrụ. Nke a mere ka ya na di ya a zụrụ azụ nwee nghọtahie, a gbakwara alụkwaghịm.

Mikhail jisiri ike ịmụta na Polotsk na Vladimir Cadet Corps, gụsịrị akwụkwọ na 1899. N'ime ọmụmụ ihe ya niile dị ka onye na-agụ akwụkwọ, ndị ọrụ nkuzi ahụ kwuru na ọ na-akwụwa aka ọtọ na mmasị dị ukwuu na isiokwu agha. Ndị enyi ya kwanyere ya ùgwù, bụ́ ndị kwuru banyere ịdị nkọ nke àgwà ya.

A ghọtara ya dị ka onye gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Pavlovsk Military School na St. Petersburg. Ụlọ akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ a bụ onye ama ama maka ụkpụrụ ya siri ike yana ogo ogo nke nkà ndị ọrụ. Na 1901 ọ ghọrọ Warsaw nke abụọ lieutenant nke Volhynia Rejimenti. Mgbe naanị afọ 3 gachara, ọ bụlarị onye ọchịchị. N'oge ahụ, agha dara na Japan, bụ́ ebe e zigara onyeisi ndị agha ahụ.

Oge nke Russo-Japanese War

Na 1904, Lieutenant sonyeere 34th East Siberian Regiment nke Manchurian Army. N'oge agha na nso obodo Bezymyannaya na Heigoutai, ọ natara Order nke St. Anna nke anọ ogo. Ọbụna n'ịbụ ndị e merụrụ ahụ, ọ nọgidere na-achị ndị agha ahụ. Na 1905 e nyere ya Order nke St. Stanislav, nrite "Na ebe nchekwa nke Russo-Japanese War nke 1904-1905."

Mgbe afọ gachara

N'afọ 1910, Mikhail nwetara ọkwa nke onyeisi ndị agha na mpaghara Amur, e nyere ya ihe nrite, gụnyere nrite "Na ncheta nke 300th ncheta nke ọchịchị nke Romanov eze." Mgbe agha dara na Balkans, na 1912, Drozdovsky chọrọ ịbanye na ya, ma ọ jụrụ. Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na ụlọ akwụkwọ ụgbọ elu nke Sevastopol, mgbe ọ nọrọ awa 12 na 30 nkeji na mbara igwe, ọ gara n'oké osimiri dị ka akụkụ nke otu armadillo.

Na Agha Ụwa Mbụ

N'ikpeazụ, Mikhail nwere ihe ịga nke ọma n'ịbụ ndị e zigara n'ókè nke agha, ma malite ha dị ka onye na-enyere aka n'isi ụlọ ọrụ nke ọchịagha na North-Western Front. Na 1915, Mikhail natara ọkwá nke lieutenant colonel. Ọ nọ na-adịgide adịgide n'ebe ọgụ, nke mere ka ọ nweta ngwa agha St. George, nyefere ya na Nọvemba 1915.

Drozdovsky haziri ijide ugwu Kapuly, na-agba ọsọ n'ọgụ ya na ndị agha ahụ, n'oge ahụ merụrụ ya ahụ. Ọ bụ maka nke a ka o nwetara ọkwa nke colonel na Order of St. George. N'igosi ike, na-agbakebeghị nke ọma na mmerụ ahụ ya, o duuru isi ụlọ ọrụ nke 15th Infantry Division nke Romanian Front.

N'oge mgbanwe nke 1917

Na February, jupụtara na mgbanwe mgbanwe, ndị agha na ndị agha steeti gbasasịa, nke mere ka ihe omume October. Mikhail Gordeevich bụ onye nkwado siri ike nke ọchịchị eze, na nkwụsị nke eze bụ ihe siri ike nye ya. Ọ chọghị ịnakwere mgbuchapụ nke ndị nzuzo na-enwe mmetụta nnwere onwe nke ndị uwe ojii na-eme.

N'akwụkwọ akụkọ ya, o kwuru na ụzọ kachasị mfe ga-abụ ịkwụsị, ma ọ pụghị ime nke a, ọ ga-abụ emeghị ihe n'eziokwu. Ndị agha a na-achịkwaghị achịkwa mere atụmatụ ịbọ ọbọ n'ahụ onye uwe ojii ahụ, ọ na-ekirikwa ndị kasị mma na-ada mbà n'oge mgba ahụ. Otú ọ dị, Michael adaghị mbà.

Ọ gbara ndị gbapụrụ agbahapụ, na-eweghachi ịdọ aka ná ntị nchịkwa, na-egosi àgwà ya kacha mma. Mgbe ahụ n'ọgụ ya na ndị Germany na-alụ, ndị agha ya mere onwe ya dị iche iche, na-agbaji n'ọnọdụ ndị iro. Enyere Michael Order nke St. George. Mgbe Bolshevik kụsịrị ihe ọkụkụ, ọ chọpụtara na usoro ndị agha Russia dara, na ọ gaghị arụ ọrụ ịnọgide na-eje ozi dị ka ọ dị na mbụ. Mgbe ahụ, o kpebiri ịlụ ọgụ n'ụzọ dị iche.

Ndị agha Drozdov

Ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo

Na-erute na December nke otu afọ na-eme n'ọdịnihu Dobrarmiya na Don, o sonye na mmepe nke atụmatụ ịmepụta otu Army of Volunteers. Mikhail Gordeevich malitere ọkụ na echiche a.

Ugbua na oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1918, ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo nke Drozdovsky haziri mkpọsa dum, nke gbadara n'akụkọ ihe mere eme n'okpuru aha mgbasa ozi Romanian ma ọ bụ mgbasa ozi Yassy-Don. N'ihi ya, e weere Novocherkassk.

Ọ haziri ụdị ọrụ dị irè nke ndị ọrụ na ihe dị ka 80% nke Dobrarmia dum n'ime ọnwa mbụ nke ịdị adị ya bụ ndị mmadụ wetara. Maka ha, Mikhail haziri ụlọ ọgwụ, ya n'onwe ya na-elekọta inye ndị detachments na ihe niile dị mkpa, kwalite echiche nke White ugbu a n'ebe nile, karịsịa, site n'ịhapụ Bulletin nke Volunteer Army. Site na mbọ nke Mikhail Gordeevich, ndị agha ahụ na-akwado ọtụtụ batrị ogbunigwe, ụgbọ ala ndị agha na ụgbọ elu, gwongworo na nkeji redio telegraph.

Drozdovsky jụrụ atụmatụ niile iji jikọta ya na ndị agha na-akwado nkewa nke mba ahụ, na-anọgide na-ekwekọ n'echiche ndị ọchịchị. Ọ gbalịrị ịtụte ndị agha Russia ruo ọgwụgwụ, ọ bụ ezie na o nwere nhọrọ dị mfe na nke bara uru maka onwe ya. Ikike ya na ndị agha ọ gbakọtara gburugburu dọtara ndị isi gbara ya gburugburu, bụ́ ndị chọrọ imeri ya n’akụkụ ha. Ọ nwekwara ike rụọ ọrụ dị ka ike ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nọọrọ onwe ya. Otú ọ dị, o lere ya anya dị ka emeghị ihe n'eziokwu ikewa ndị agha.

Na 1918, njikọ nke ndị agha 3,000 Drozdovsky na Volunteer Army mere, nke mere okpukpu abụọ nke ndị ikpeazụ. N'oge ahụ, Mikhail Drozdovsky bụ onye ndu agha nwere ahụmahụ, zụrụ azụ n'ọrụ agha n'oge agha. Ma ya onwe ya na ndị nọ n'okpuru ya nwere ekele maka àgwà nke izugbe, ndị agha niile na-eche ọchịchị na-akwado ya. Ọ ghọrọ akụkọ ndụ dị ndụ ma mgbe ụfọdụ ekwenyeghị na mkpebi ndị isi nke Ezi Army.

Ọtụtụ mgbe, a na-akpọ oku sitere n'aka ndị mmekọ Mikhail Gordeevich ka ha tinye àgwà nke onye ndu ndị agha n'ịhazi azụ. Nkà ya ga-aba uru n'iweta ndị agha ọhụrụ. Ma ndị isi nke Dobrarmiya, o doro anya na, na-atụ egwu ọnụnọ nke ndị asọmpi dị otú ahụ dị nso, kenyere ya ọkwá ndị kasị nkịtị - ọ na-edu nkewa.

Captain Drozdovsky

Esemokwu na ndị isi nke Dobrarmiya

Na 1918, ndị agha Drozdovsky weere Ekaterinodar, mgbe ahụ Armavir. Mgbe ahụ, Michael batara na ndị isi nke Dobroarmiya na-enwe nghọtahie. Ọ na-ekwusi ike ịkpọ oku nkwado tupu ọ were Armavir, mana isi ụlọ ọrụ leghaara ya anya. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, ya onwe ya leghaara ntụziaka nke ndị isi. N'ezie, Drozdovsky kwupụtara ikike ya ime mkpebi onwe ya n'agha.

Ma ebe ọ bụ na isi ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na-atụ ụjọ na Mikhail ga-efunahụ ya, ọ dịghị mmegwara e mere ya. Romanovsky mere ihe niile kwere omume iji dozie esemokwu ahụ nke bilitere ma mee ka Mikhail Gordeevich nwere oké ọchịchọ na ndị isi ndị isi. E tinyere akwụkwọ ozi ahụ jọgburu onwe ya nke o dere na breeki. Ọ bụrụ na ndị agha nke ngalaba ya hapụrụ Dobrarmia, oge ga-esiri ya ike. Ọnụnọ nke esemokwu na onye ndu ndị agha dị otú ahụ na-egbuke egbuke nwere ike ịkpata nsonaazụ ọjọọ na ọbụna nkewa n'etiti ndị ọcha. Nke a ga-ewetu ikike nke ndị ọchịagha dị ala.

Ọnwụ

N'afọ 1918, onye agha ahụ duuru ndị agha ahụ n'ebe a na-alụ ọgụ na mpaghara Stavropol, na-enwe otu ìgwè ndị agha niile n'okpuru iwu ya. N'ọnwa Nọvemba, Mikhail merụrụ ahụ n'ụkwụ, a kpọgara ya n'ụlọ ọgwụ. E mesịa, e buliri ya n'ọkwa onyeisi ndị agha. Otú ọ dị, n'ihi mmerụ ahụ, gangrene malitere. Ugbua amaghị ihe ọ bụla, a kpọgara General Drozdovsky n'ụlọ ọgwụ ọzọ, ebe ọ nwụrụ. Ndị na-akwado ya na-enyocha ihe kpatara ọnwụ onye ọchịagha ruo ọtụtụ afọ, na, dịka akụkọ ụfọdụ si kwuo, ha gburu ndị mere ihe ahụ.

Drozdovsky Mikhail - onye ndú ndị agha ghọrọ akụkọ, e liri nso Yekaterinodar. Mgbe ndị agha nke Red Army wakporo obodo na 1920, Drozdovites buru ozu ya. E liri ya na Sevastopol Malakhov Kurgan. Ha mere ihe niile n'ihi na ndị agha Red Army na-akwakọrọ ili ndị isi agha ma mesoo ha nnukwu nkwanye ùgwù. N'ili, ka ha wee gbanarị ọdịnihu na-enweghị atụ, ha ji aha ndị ọzọ bịanye aka. Naanị Drozdovites ise maara kpọmkwem ebe ozu ndị isi izugbe dị.

Drozdovsky Mikhail

Ụdị ọnwụ

Mgbe Mikhail Gordeevich Drozdovsky nwụrụ, akụkọ ndụ ya nkenke malitere ịkpalite ọtụtụ ajụjụ, enweghịkwa isi ihe doro anya na ya. Dị ka nsụgharị mbụ si kwuo, ọ nwụrụ site na obere ọnya.

Na dị ka onye ọzọ si kwuo, e gburu General Drozdovsky na nzube, na ọnya ya malitere na nzube. E kwuwerị, ọ na-emegide ndị isi agha nke isi ụlọ ọrụ Dobroarmiya. Ihe kpatara nke a bụ n'ihu nnukwu ọchịchọ na gburugburu a na àgwà iro ha n'ebe ibe ha nọ. Romanovsky, onye so n'isi ụlọ ọrụ, na-atụ egwu na mmetụta Mikhail ga-agbasa na Dobrarmia dum, nke ga-eduga ya na-adịghị mma. Mgbachi nke ndị ọrụ abụọ ahụ kpalitere iro - ọ ghọrọ ihe na-agaghị ekwe omume ime ka ha dịghachi ná mma.

Dị ka nsụgharị nke abụọ si kwuo, ọ bụ Romanovsky nyere iwu ka ndị dọkịta na-emeso ndị izugbe ka ha mehie ihe na-egbu egbu bụ ndị bịanyere aka na ikpe nke izugbe. Prọfesọ Plotkin mesoro ya, ma mgbe ọchịagha ahụ nwụsịrị, a mụghị akụkọ banyere ọrịa ya, ihe kpatara ọrịa ahụ. Mgbe ọchịagha nwụsịrị, e nyere Plotkin ego zuru ezu iji kwaga mba ọzọ. Ọ gara mba ọzọ, na-alaghachi na obodo naanị n'okpuru ọchịchị Bolshevik.

Nkatọ

Na mgbakwunye, ụdị ihe omume kachasị ọhụrụ enweghị isi ihe akaebe. Ebipụtaghị akwụkwọ gbasara ụlọ ọgwụ na ọgwụgwọ. Mpụta nke ọnọdụ dị otú ahụ na-ejikọta ndị mmadụ na-akpọ Romanovsky asị, bụ ndị mere ihe na-amasị nanị ọchịagha nke isi ụlọ ọrụ.

Otú ọ dị, ọ ga-abụ na onyeisi ndị ọrụ ahụ na-atụ egwu na Drozdovsky ga-emetụta ndị agha ahụ nke ukwuu, na ikike nke izugbe ga-egwepịa ya. Ka o sina dị, ọ bụghị maka ọdịmma nke isi ụlọ ọrụ ibibi ọchịagha ha n'ọnọdụ siri ike.

Ndị agha Drozdovsky

Mmetụta

Mkpesa megide otu n'ime ndị isi-isi nke isi ụlọ ọrụ Denikin nke Dobroarmiya nwere ike ime ka e gbuo ya na 1920 na Istanbul. E boro Romanovsky ebubo igbu ọchụ nke Drozdovsky, ha na-achọ ihe akaebe nke itinye aka na nke a. Enwere ọtụtụ ihe achọrọ maka nke a. Ma, n'ezie, ndị na-akwado otu nwoke bụ́ onye ghọrọ akụkọ mgbe ochie n'oge ndụ ya enweghị ike ikweta n'ụzọ dị mfe na ọnwụ dị otú ahụ na-edoghị anya.

Ịma mma nke olili ozu Mikhail, nke yiri ka isi ụlọ ọrụ ahụ buru ụzọ hụ tupu oge eruo, na-echere ọnwụ nke ọchịagha, na-egosikwa ọnụnọ nke ndị aghụghọ gburugburu akụkọ ndụ ahụ.

Onye isi ọchịagha Denikin

Ụdị ihe omume ọzọ dị irè karị. Ndị agha White nke oge ahụ enweghị ọgwụ antiseptik, enweghị ayodiin. Onye izugbe n'onwe ya mere mkpesa banyere azụmahịa ahụike ihe karịrị otu ugboro, na-agbalị imeziwanye ọnọdụ ya. A na-eduzi ikpe na ụlọ ọrụ ahụike na-adịghị mma.

Ndị nwetara ọdachi dị n'akụkụ Drozdovsky kwuru banyere ihe ahụ merenụ n'ụzọ ndị na-emegiderịta onwe ha. Nke a mere ka e nwee ọtụtụ nsụgharị. Ndị hụrụ anya kewara ụzọ abụọ: ụfọdụ kwuru na ọ nwụrụ n'ihi ndị gbara izu, ndị ọzọ na ọnwụ ahụ bụ n'ihi ihe mberede na ọnọdụ adịghị ọcha nke ụlọ ọgwụ.

Ndị isi agha ndị letara ya n'ụlọ ọgwụ kwuru n'akwụkwọ akụkọ ha na ọ na-etinye uche mgbe niile n'ihe gbasara nkewa, ọ na-esiri ya ike ịta ahụhụ n'ihe ndina. Onye hụrụ adịghị njọ nke mmerụ ahụ na eziokwu ahụ bụ na ọrịa ahụ malitere nanị na ọdịdị nke dọkịta, bụ onye na-apụ n'anya.

Drozdovites ise

Ihe nketa

General Drozdovsky na Drozdovites hapụrụ akara ha na Paris: a haziri ili ihe atụ nke izugbe na akara ncheta n'ebe ahụ.

N'ọnọdụ ọ bụla, akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ndị ọcha ekwesịghị inwe mgbagwoju anya na Drozdovsky, onye mere na Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ. E mere ihe nkiri banyere ya, ebe General Bessonov na Drozdovsky na-alụso ndị Germany ọgụ na nso Stalingrad.

Drozdovsky Mikhail Gordeevich - Russian agha onye ndú, onye na-asọpụrụ dum Rejimenti Dobrarmia, nkewa, brigades, engineering ụlọ ọrụ, ịnyịnya regiments e mesịrị aha. A na-ese ihe oyiyi maka nsọpụrụ ya, nke e debere n'ụlọ arụsị aha ya na Ekaterinodar. E nwekwara tank "General Drozdovsky".

Ọ dịghị obere ihe na-achọsi ike ka ndenye onye agha ahụ ahapụla n'oge njem a na-agafe Ukraine.

Mgbasa ozi Iasi-Don, yana Mgbasa Ozi Ice nke Alekseev, Kornilov na Denikin na-edu, a na-ewere dị ka otu n'ime akụkọ kachasị egwu nke nguzogide ndị White Guard n'oge agha ahụ.

"Nervous, nke dị gịrịgịrị, Drozdovsky bụ ụdị dike-ascetic: ọ naghị aṅụ mmanya, ọ naghị aṅụ sịga na ọ naghị elebara ngọzi nke ndụ anya;

Esemokwu dị n'etiti ndị ọchịagha malitere site na mgbe Drozdovsky pụtara na South Russia n'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1918 ma dabere, nke mbụ, na iro onwe onye nke ndị ọrụ abụọ ahụ, na nke abụọ, na asọmpi ha maka ọkwá n'okpuru Denikin.

A na-asọpụrụ Drozdovsky dị ka akara ngosi, a na-ezigakwa otu ya na omenala na akụkụ ndị kasị sie ike nke ihu.

N'abalị Ista na May 5, Drozdovites na-atụghị anya wakpo isi obodo Don Soviet Republic - Rostov, ebe ndị agha ya dị okpukpu 25 karịa ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ndị agha ha. Ha wepụrụkwa ọchịchị Soviet na Melitopol na Berdyansk.

Mgbọ ndị agha Red Army tiri onye ọchịagha onye n'onwe ya dugara ọgụ ahụ n'ụkwụ. Site na nkwado ahụike, ihe dị njọ nke ukwuu nye ndị ọcha mgbe ahụ. Enweghị bandeeji zuru oke, ya mere a na-ejigharị ndị ochie ahụ eme ihe, ebe ọ na-esibu ha na mmiri ọkụ. Ya mere, amabeghị ihe kpatara nsi ọbara ahụ. Drozdovsky merụrụ ahụ. Ọrụ adịghị enyere aka mee ka ọnọdụ ahụ dị jụụ: gangrene mepụtara.

"Na Jenụwarị 1, 1919, n'oge oyi, n'ụbọchị isi awọ nke ifufe na-ekpo ọkụ na-ekpo ọkụ, telegram rutere n'òtù ndị agha Drozdovsky nwụrụ. Asịrị dị iche iche gbasara ọnwụ onye isi ala. Ọnya ya dị mfe, adịghị emerụ ahụ. Na mbụ, ọ dịghị ihe ịrịba ama nke ọrịa.

Site na mkparịta ụka na ngalaba ọrụ, achọpụtara m na ha enweghị afọ ojuju na omume Drozdovsky dị nso Armavir, mmekọrịta ya na isi ụlọ ọrụ ndị agha mụbara.

Iji malite, Drozdovsky aghaghị imegide ndị Romania, bụ ndị kwere ka ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo ruo n'ókè Russia nanị n'okpuru iyi egwu nke iji ngwá agha.

N'oge ụfọdụ, enweghị afọ ojuju ruru ogo siri ike mgbe a na-ewere ya na ọ dị mkpa ịmalite mmetụta na-adịghị mma na Drozdovsky. Nke a bụ, ikekwe, na-akparị onye dị mpako nke ukwuu, ọ naghịkwa akwụwa aka ọtọ. N'ụzọ doro anya, n'ihe metụtara Drozdovsky, e nweelarị ihe dị n'isi ụlọ ọrụ ndị agha, ụfọdụ ụdị iro sitere n'aka mmadụ, ma, n'ezie, ọ bụghị site n'aka ọchịagha Denikin. Nke a nyere aka na mkpebi nke ịmalite ịbara ya mba, "akwụkwọ Chernysh" On the Fronts of the Great War. Ihe ncheta. 1914-1918".

Na Mee 8, ihe dị ka ndị njem 3,000 ji ngwa ọgụ na ndị zuru oke sonyeere ndị agha afọ ofufo, na-abawanye ike ya nke ukwuu.

N'ime ọnwa abụọ mgbasa ozi, ndị Drozdovsky detachment incredibly rallied, nwetara ahụmahụ na ọgụ arụmọrụ na pụrụ iche ọnọdụ nke Civil War, na emesia ugboro ugboro gbarie Reds, ala karịa ha na ọnụ ọgụgụ, ma dị elu na usoro, ọzụzụ na ọgụ mmụọ.

Na ebe nchekwa ya, e mere njem agha "The ebube Drozdovsky Rejimenti si Romania" e kere, na ebumnobi nke na-abụghị ogige ha dere ọrụ "Site na ndagwurugwu na ugwu", nke a maara nke ọma taa.

“Ọnya ahụ dị ntakịrị, n'ụkwụ. Captain Ter-Azariev, bụ onye, ​​​​ya na ndị ọrụ ndị ọzọ, wepụrụ Drozdovsky n'ịnyịnya ya, kwuru na ọnya ahụ emeghị ka onye ọ bụla nwee nchegbu: ọ bụ naanị mgbọ kpụchara ya. Onye ọ bụla chere na Drozdovsky ga-alaghachi n'oge na-adịghị anya. Mana ọnya ahụ tara. A wara Mikhail Gordeevich ahụ n'ihu m.

Na Jenụwarị 14, 1919, ọ dịghị mgbe ọ na-agbake site na ọnya ọnya, mgbe oké nhụjuanya, otu n'ime ndị kasị ewu ewu na-arụpụta agha ndị ndú nke Civil War si White ije, Mikhail Drozdovsky, nwụrụ obere oge tupu ya anwụọ, kwalitere na Major General. . Ọpụpụ ya, nke mere mkpọsa 1300 kilomita site na Romania ruo Don na mmalite nke 1918, wusiri ndị agha afọ ofufo ike nke ukwuu ma mee ka ọ nwee ike iguzogide Red Army.

Ahụhụ na-anwụ anwụ yiri nnọọ ihe ọchịagha ndị ọcha ọzọ a ma ama bụ́ Vladimir Kappel nwetara kpọmkwem otu afọ mgbe e mesịrị, bụ́ onye lụrụ ọgụ na mmegharị nke Alexander Kolchak n'Ebe Ọwụwa Anyanwụ nke mba ahụ. Ruo ọnwa abụọ, Drozdovsky nwere nnukwu mgbu ruo mgbe ọ nwụrụ n'ụlọ ọgwụ dị na Rostov-on-Don, ndị nọ n'okpuru ya gbara ya gburugburu na-agbake site na ọnyá.

Aha Drozdovsky na-ejikọta ya na mgbasa ozi akụkọ 1200-verst nke Yassy - Don: na March 11, 1918, colonel, bụ onye na-ezobeghị nkwenye eze ya, weghaara ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo ya site na Romanian n'ihu na South Russia iji mee ihe. isonye na ndị agha Alekseev - Kornilov maka nkwonkwo ọgụ megide ndị ọchịchị Soviet. Ndị agha ahụ etinyere na ngalaba a nke n'ihu Agha Ụwa Mbụ tụgharịrị bụrụ nke kachasị mfe maka ọgba aghara mgbanwe n'ihi njikọ na-adịghị ike na Petrograd. Iasi na mbụ jụrụ ịmata ndị Bolshevik.

Onye ọrụ Drozdov ọzọ, onye isi ndị ọrụ Vladimir Kravchenko, zoro aka n'ọrụ ya "Drozdovites si Iasi ruo Gallipoli" echiche na onye ahụ nwụrụ anwụ "bụ onye mbụ na-amụnye oriọna nke mgba ma ghara ikwe ka ọ pụta."

Mgbe Drozdovsky nwụsịrị, 2nd Officer égbè Regiment aha ya bụ aha ya, mgbe e mesịrị degara na nkewa. Drozdovites ghọrọ otu n'ime "agba" anọ - nke a pụrụ ịdabere na ya na ọgụ dị njikere - akụkụ nke White ije na South Russia. Okpu Crimson na epaulettes nwere mkpụrụedemede edo edo "D" ghọrọ njirimara ha. Ncheta nke izugbe jere ozi dị ka ike na-ejikọta ndị a.

Ma, ọ bụkwa eziokwu na n’oge ahụ n’obodo ahụ, ha na-ekwu na ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na e nweghị ọgwụ antiseptik, ọbụnadị iodine. Rostov dum, ya na ndị agha ya, sonyere na ịnyefe ahụ nke izugbe na ụgbọ oloko. Mikhail Gordeevich, bụ onye na-erubeghị afọ iri anọ, e liri na Yekaterinodar. Mgbe e mesịrị, mgbe anyị laghachiri na Novorossiysk, anyị wabara na Ekaterinodar, bụ́ nke ndị Reds jibuburu, ma buru ozu onye ndú anyị n'agha ahụ. Ọnwụ Drozdovsky? Mba, ndị agha anaghị anwụ anwụ. Onye isi ala dị ndụ n'ime ndị agha ya dị ndụ, "Turkul dere.

mgbe niile - site na Jassy ruo mgbe ọnwụ - na otu jaket na-eyi, na-eyi uwe St. George rịbọn na buttonhole; n'ihi ịdị obi umeala, o yighị usoro ahụ n'onwe ya. Na-arụ ọrụ mgbe niile, na-aga n'ihu mgbe niile. O siri ike nghọta mgbe ọ chọtara oge iji rie nri na ihi ụra, "nke a bụ okwu ọnụ nke Drozdovsky nke Kravchenko mere.

Otu n'ime ha bụ ndị boro ọnwụ onye isi ndị ọrụ ha hụrụ n'anya bụ Romanovsky: o boro ebubo na o zigara onye na-anwụ anwụ dọkịta na-adịghị mma, na-elekwasị anya ọ bụghị ịgwọ ọrịa, kama iji mee ka Drozdovsky nwụọ. Mgbe njedebe jọgburu onwe ya gasịrị, dọkịta ahụ gbapụrụ ná mba ọzọ wee laghachi Russia n'okpuru Bolshevik.

M na-echeta ntamu ọ na-asụ: "Gịnị mere i ji na-ata m ahụhụ...Ka m nwụọ,"

- chetara n'akwụkwọ ya "Drozdovsky on Fire" onye nọchiri General Anton Turkul, onye na mbụ nyere iwu otu ụlọ ọrụ na Drozdovsky.

Onye ọrụ ọrụ Andrei Chernysh, n'adịghị ka ndị ọrụ izugbe, nyere ya àgwà na-adọrọ adọrọ na-adọrọ adọrọ, na-ekwu na n'isi ụlọ ọrụ Drozdovsky enweghị afọ ojuju ma kwuo mmejọ ndị o mere n'ọgbọ agha.

"Anyị nọ naanị anyị, mana n'ebe dị anya na Romania, na Iasi, obi Colonel Drozdovsky na-akụri, obi ndị so ya bịa nyere anyị aka ịkụ aka. Daalụ, ndị knight nke mmụọ, ndị si n'ebe dị anya bịa ịwụsa ike ọhụrụ n'ime anyị. Nabata n'aka m, onye agha ochie, ụta m dị ala, "ka onye nhazi nke òtù White, General Alekseev, na-agwa ndị agha okwu.

"Mmekọrịta nke ndị Ukraine bụ ihe na-asọ oyi: mmekpa ahụ iji wepụ eriri ubu, ha na-atụ egwu ịlụ ọgụ - otu òtù na-enweghị nchịkwa na-agbalị imejọ. A kụrụ ụfọdụ ihe - mgbe ahụ ha dajụọ, boors, ndị ohu. Mgbe anyị hapụrụ, a dọkapụrụ ọkọlọtọ ọdụ ụgbọ okporo ígwè (ọbụlagodi na-abụghị nke mba), dọkasịa, zọda ya n'okpuru ụkwụ. Ndị Ukraine na-eleda ha anya naanị maka ndị nnupụisi na ndị otu a na-achịkwaghị achịkwa," Drozdovsky kwubiri.

“Na nzukọ mbụ ya, ọdịdị ya nwere mmetụta dị mma. Ogologo, mara mma, ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ nwata, nwere ihu ike a kpụrụ akpụ, mmegharị ngwa ngwa. Ma n'ikpeazụ, echiche m nwere banyere Drozdovsky dị ka onye na-arụsi ọrụ ike na onye isi ike dị ka ọ na-ama jijiji. Ụfọdụ ihe omume emewo ka a mara ọrụ ya ikpe.

Drozdovsky merụrụ ahụ nke ọma na October 31, 1918 n'oge agha ndị dị nso na Stavropol, bụ nke kwụsịrị na ihe ịga nke ọma nke ndị agha e nyere ya.

Achọpụtara ọrịa ahụ mgbe dọkịta na Ekaterinodar malitere ịgwọ Drozdovsky, bụ onye na-apụ n'anya.

Ma ọ dịkarịa ala, ogbugbu nke Romanovsky n'onwe ya n'April 1920 site n'aka onye ọrụ nchekwa, Lieutenant Mstislav Kharuzin, bụ nke ọtụtụ ndị kọwara kpọmkwem dị ka ịbọ ọbọ maka Drozdovsky. Dị ka onye na-egbu egbu si kwuo, dabere na data natara, onye bụbu onyeisi ndị ọrụ na-ejikọta ya na ndị na-ahụ maka ụlọ akụ Constantinople bụ ndị na-enye ndị ọrụ Bolshevik ego bụ ndị na-abanye n'ime ndị agha Volunteer.

Na mgbakwunye na Thrushes, Alekseyevtsy, Kornilovtsy na Markovtsy pụtara na Volunteer Army - elite formations aha mgbe Generals Mikhail Alekseev, Lavr Kornilov na Sergey Markov bụ ndị nwụrụ na mmalite ogbo nke Civil War. Ọ bụ nkeji "acha anụnụ anụnụ", ya na ndị agha General Yakov Slashchev, bụ ndị gbachitere Crimea site na Reds na nnukwu agha ikpeazụ nke Perekop na Chongar na November 1920.

100 afọ gara aga, n'ụbọchị mbụ nke ọhụrụ, 1919, afọ dị ka ochie style, otu n'ime ndị isi agha ọnụ ọgụgụ nke White ije na South nke Russia, otu n'ime ndị tọrọ ntọala nke Volunteer Army, General Mikhail Drozdovsky. nwụrụ site na nsonaazụ nke ọnya dị mfe. Ọnwụ ya bụụrụ iwu ahụ na ndị enyi ya ezigbo akpata oyi n’ahụ́, ebe ọ bụ na ná mmalite e nwebeghị ihe àmà ọ bụla nke nkwutọ dị otú ahụ. A nụrụ kepu kepu na "enyere aka" n'ozuzu ya ịga n'ụwa ọzọ: o nwere ndị iro zuru ezu, na nke kachasị dị ize ndụ bụ onyeisi ndị ọrụ Ivan Romanovsky, otu n'ime ndị na-enweghị mmasị na ndị agha ọcha.

Ọganihu a na-aga n'ókèala Russia nke ndị agha ndị iro bi na ya sokwa na-alụ ọgụ mgbe niile. N'oge mkpọsa ahụ, ndị Drozdovites nwere ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo ọhụrụ sitere na ndị isi na ndị cadet.

     Otú ọ dị, n'ịbụ onye tinyeworo usoro ndị kasị sie ike, ruo ogbugbu nke ndị gbapụrụ agbapụ na ndị gbara ọsọ ndụ, Drozdovsky jisiri ike weghachi ịdọ aka ná ntị na usoro nke e nyefere ya. N'ebe a, e gosipụtara àgwà ndị dị otú ahụ nke àgwà Mikhail Gordeevich dị ka mkpebi siri ike, isi ike, na ntụkwasị obi na mkpebi ziri ezi nke mkpebi ndị e mere.

     Ọ dịruru ụbọchị 61 wee kwụsị mgbe ndị Drozdovites weghaara Novocherkassk. Mgbe ọ nọ na Novocherkassk, Mikhail Gordeevich kwuru banyere okwu ndị na-adọta ndị na-agba ume na detachment, yana nsogbu nke nkwado ego ya. Drozdovsky zigara ndị mmadụ n'obodo dị iche iche iji hazie ndebanye aha ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo: ya mere Lieutenant Colonel G. D. Leslie zigara Kyiv. A haziri ọrụ nke ndị na-ewe ndị ọrụ Drozdovites nke ọma na 80% nke replenishment nke Dobroarmiya dum na mbụ gafere ha. Ndị na-ahụ anya na-arụtụ aka n'ụdị ụfọdụ ụgwọ nke usoro a na-ewe ndị ọrụ: n'otu obodo ahụ, ndị na-ewe ndị agha sitere n'ọtụtụ ndị agha na-ezute mgbe ụfọdụ, gụnyere. na ndị ọrụ onwe ha nke Drozdovsky brigade, nke mere ka asọmpi na-adịghị mma. Nsonaazụ nke ọrụ Mikhail Gordeevich na Novocherkassk na Rostov na-agụnyekwa nhazi nke ụlọ nkwakọba ihe na obodo ndị a maka mkpa ndị agha. A haziri ụlọ ọgwụ maka Drozdovites merụrụ ahụ na Novocherkassk, na Rostov, site na nkwado nke Prọfesọ N. I. Napalkov, Ụlọ Ọgwụ White Cross, bụ nke nọgidere na-acha ọcha ụlọ ọgwụ ruo mgbe njedebe nke Agha Obodo. Drozdovsky kwuru okwu ma kesaa mkpesa banyere ọrụ nke White movement, na Rostov, site na mgbalị ya, akwụkwọ akụkọ Vestnik Volunteer Army, nke mbụ na-acha ọcha na-ebipụta akụkụ na South Russia, ọbụna malitere ịpụta.

Na-arụ ọrụ dị arọ.

     Enwere ụdị abụọ nke ọnwụ onye izugbe n'ihi ọnya dị ka obere ọnya.

Ọchịchị ahụ nwetara otuto maka onwe ya!

     M.G. Drozdovsky ghọrọ onye mbụ n'ozuzu na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke White ije bụ onye kwuputara n'ihu ọha na ya na-eguzosi ike n'ihe nye ọchịchị eze n'oge "ụkpụrụ ochichi onye kwuo uche" nke February ka na-asọpụrụ. General Drozdovsky bụ naanị ọchịagha nke ndị agha Russia bụ onye jisiri ike guzobe ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo ma weta ya n'ìgwè a haziri ahazi site n'ihu Agha Ukwu ahụ ịbanye na Dobrarmia. Drozdovsky - onye nhazi na onye ndú nke 1200-verst mgbanwe nke a detachment nke ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo si Yassy na Novocherkassk na mmiri nke 1918. Ọchịagha nke 3rd Infantry Division na Volunteer Army. Cavalier nke Order nke St George 4th ogo, Order nke St. Equal-to-the-Apostles Prince Vladimir 4th ogo na mma agha na ụta, Order nke St. Anna 3rd ogo na mma agha na ụta, Order nke St. Anna 4th ogo na ihe e dere "Maka obi ike", nyere iwu St. Stanislaus nke atọ na mma agha na ụta.

Mmerụ ahụ na ọnwụ
na ọkọlọtọ Russia tricolor
ma tachie obi n'ihe isi ike.

     Ụdị nke abụọ nke ọnwụ Drozdovsky na-ele anya karịa prosaic na nso eziokwu. N'oge oyi nke 1918-1919, ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị antiseptics na Ekaterinodar, ọbụnadị iodine. Nhazi nke omume ahụike na ụlọ ọgwụ nke ndị agha White hapụkwara ọtụtụ ihe a chọrọ.

     The brigade (mgbe e mesịrị - nkewa) gụnyere ndị niile na-esi na Romanian n'ihu: 2nd Officer Rifle Regiment, 2nd Officer Mounted Regiment, 3rd engineering company, a light artillery batrị, platoon of howitzers nke nwere 10 ìhè na 2. nnukwu egbe.

Ga-ebili n'elu gị, Russia

     Dị ka ndị mbụ n'ime ha si kwuo, Drozdovsky kpachaara anya gbuo ya. A maara na Mikhail Gordeevich fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ site na mgbe ọ sonyeere ndị agha na May 1918 nwere esemokwu na onyeisi ndị agha nke ndị agha, General I.P. Romanovsky. O doro anya na esemokwu ahụ dabeere na iro onwe onye na ọchịchọ nke ndị ọrụ abụọ ahụ, bụ nke a na-etinye n'ọtụtụ ihe dị na mpụga. Otu ihe dị mkpa bụkwa egwu Romanovsky banyere mgbasa nke mmetụta Drozdovsky na ndị agha dum, na ihe niile na-esote. Esemokwu ahụ kpalitere ma kpalie ya site na gburugburu ebe obibi nke Drozdovsky na Romanovsky, n'oge na-adịghịkwa anya malitere n'ọgba aghara nke onwe, mgbe nkwekọrịta ha bịara bụrụ nke a na-atụghị anya ya.

     Ná mmalite nke Agha Ụwa Mbụ, Drozdovsky họpụtara na. D. Assistant Chief nke General Department of the Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief of North-Western Front. Ebe ọ bụ na September 1914 - onyeisi ndị ọrụ ntụziaka si n'isi ụlọ ọrụ nke 27th Army Corps. O tinyere n'omume ahụmahụ ọ nwetara n'oge ọ nọrọ n'ụlọ akwụkwọ ụgbọ elu, mgbe ọ na-efe n'ụgbọelu na n'ime balloon na-ekpo ọkụ. Na March 22, 1915 - Lieutenant Colonel nke General Staff, kwadoro n'ọkwá ya. Na May 16, 1915, a họpụtara ya ka ọ bụrụ onye isi ndị ọrụ nke 64th Infantry Division. N'ịbụ ndị na-aga n'isi ụlọ ọrụ, Mikhail Gordeevich bụ mgbe niile na-ebute ụzọ, n'okpuru ọkụ - mmiri na okpomọkụ nke 1915 maka 64th nkewa gafere na-adịghị agwụ agwụ agha na mgbanwe. July 1, 1915, n'ihi na esemokwu na ikpe megide onye iro, Drozdovsky e nyere Order of the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Prince Vladimir 4th ogo na mma agha na ụta. Na November 2, 1915 e nyere ya ngwá agha St. George. Site na Ọktoba 22 ruo Nọvemba 10, 1915, ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onye isi ndị ọrụ nke 26th Army Corps na Southwestern Front. N'August 31, 1916, Lieutenant Colonel Drozdovsky n'onwe ya duru ndị agha na Ugwu Kapuls. Otu n'ime ndị ọrụ ibe Mikhail Gordeevich chetara ihe omume ndị a n'ụzọ ndị a:

Mgbanwe nke 1917

     Rejimenti mere onwe ya iche na ọgụ siri ike na mbubreyo June - mmalite August 1917. Maka agha na July 11, mgbe Drozdovsky na ndị agha na-ekere òkè na ọganihu nke ọnọdụ German, e nyere Mikhail Gordeevich Order nke St. George, 4th degrees; maka agha nke July 30 - August 4, e nyere ya site n'ihu iwu maka award nke Order nke St. George 3rd ogo (ha enweghị oge ịghọta ihe ngosi ruru ka ọdịda nke n'ihu). Mikhail Gordeevich nwetara Order nke St. George nke 4th degrees naanị na November 20, 1917 - mgbe Bolshevik agha agha.

     Ndị nkụzi kwuru na Michael nwere obi ike, ịkwụwa aka ọtọ na ịdị nkọ ya. "O kwupụtaghị mmejọ ya ozugbo, ọ dịghịkwa atụ egwu ntaramahụhụ ma zoo n'azụ ndị ọzọ. Ya mere, n'agbanyeghị na ọ na-ewe iwe, iwe ọkụ na mgbe ụfọdụ ọ na-ekwu eziokwu, ọ nwetara nkwanye ùgwù na ntụkwasị obi nke ụmụ klas ya. Ịhụnanya maka ihe omume agha nyere nwa okoro ahụ aka ná ntị, bụ́ onye mekwara nke ọma n'agụmakwụkwọ ya.

Ọrụ mbụ na June 19, 1919

     Mikhail Gordeevich sitere n'aka ndị isi nke Poltava. Nna - Major General Gordey Ivanovich Drozdovsky (1835-1908) bụ onye otu Defence nke Sevastopol na 1855, na 1890s ọ nyere iwu 168th Ostrog Reserve Infantry Regiment. Onye nnata nke ọtụtụ iwu na ihe nrite. Nne - Nadezhda Nikolaevna (1844-1893). Ụmụnna nwanyị - Julia (1866-1922); Ulyana (1869-1921), Evgenia (1873 - ọ bụghị tupu 1916).

Site n'ọrụ ọbara

     Na mmalite nke 1st Balkan War na October 1912, Mikhail Gordeevich rịọrọ maka a secondment na agha, ma a jụrụ. N'afọ 1913, ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Sevastopol Aviation School, bụ ebe ọ na-amụ banyere ikuku onyunyo (o mere ụgbọ elu 12 nke ọ bụla na-adịru ma ọ dịkarịa ala minit 30; na mkpokọta ọ nọ na ikuku maka awa 12 32 nkeji). Onye uwe ojii ahụ gara n'oké osimiri n'ụgbọ agha maka agbapụ ndụ, gaa n'ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri wee gbadaa n'okpuru mmiri na uwe mwụda mmiri. Mgbe o si na ụgbọ elu ụlọ akwụkwọ lọta, Drozdovsky ọzọ jere ozi n'isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Warsaw Military District.

Mikhail Gordeevich Drozdovsky

     October 19 (October 7, ochie style), 1881 Mikhail Gordeevich Drozdovsky mụrụ - Russian agha ndú, Major General nke General Staff (1918). Onye so na Russian-Japanese, Agha Ụwa Mbụ na Agha Obodo, otu n'ime ndị ama ama na ndị ndú nke White ije na South Russia.

     Ndị ha na Drozdovsky dịkọrọ ndụ na ndị mmekọ gosipụtara echiche ahụ na ọ bụ ihe ezi uche dị na ya maka ndị isi nke Volunteer Army iji nkà nhazi nke Mikhail Gordeevich ma nyefee ya nhazi nke azụ, ka ọ nye ndị agha ma ọ bụ họpụta ya Minister nke Agha nke Agha Ụwa. Ndịda Ọcha. Enwere ike inyefe ya nhazi nke ngalaba ọhụrụ maka n'ihu. Otú ọ dị, ndị ndú nke Volunteer Army, ikekwe na-atụ egwu asọmpi sitere n'aka ndị na-eto eto, onye ume, onye agha nwere ọgụgụ isi, họọrọ inye ya ọrụ dị ala nke onye isi nke ngalaba.

Na-anwụ n'okpuru yok

     N'ime oge a, mmekọrịta siri ike nke Drozdovsky na isi ụlọ ọrụ Dobroarmiya na-abanye n'ọgba aghara. N'oge ọrụ Armavir, 3rd Infantry Division e nyere ọrụ nke na-agaghị ekwe omume ịrụzu naanị site n'aka ndị agha ya. Dị ka Chief Division Drozdovsky si kwuo, ọ dị mkpa ka ọ yigharịrị ọrụ ahụ ruo ọtụtụ ụbọchị iji mee ka ndị otu ahụ sie ike na-akwụ ụgwọ nke ihe ndị dịnụ. Onye agha ahụ webatara echiche ya ugboro ugboro n'isi ụlọ ọrụ ndị agha, ma ọ nwetaghị nzaghachi dị mma site n'aka Denikin. N'ịhụ na akụkọ ndị a bụ ihe efu, na Septemba 17 (30), 1918, Drozdovsky leghaara iwu nke Onyeisi Ọchịchị ọgụ megide Armavir.

Esemokwu na nduzi nke Volunteer Army
Music nke D. Pokrass

     N'oge na-adịghị, ihe omume mere na Petrograd nke tụgharịrị agha nke agha: February mgbanwe akara mmalite nke ọdịda nke ndị agha na steeti, emecha na-eduga mba na October ihe omume.

     October 31, 1892 Mikhail Drozdovsky họpụtara Polotsk Cadet Corps, mgbe ahụ zigara Vladimir Kyiv Cadet Corps, nke ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na 1899.

     Denikin nke ọma, n'ụdị ịba mba n'ihu ọha, na-egosipụta iwe ya na Drozdovsky. Na nzaghachi, Mikhail Gordeevich na-ezigara onye ọchịagha akụkọ ya, bụ nke, na ilele anya mbụ, nyere echiche nke ịba mba nke bile na mkparị na-erughịrị mmadụ:

     Na mbụ, e liri Drozdovsky na Yekaterinodar na Kuban Military Cathedral nke St. Alexander Nevsky. Mgbe mwakpo nke ndị agha Red Red na Kuban na 1920, Drozdovites maara otú Reds si mesoo ili nke ndị isi White, mebie n'ime obodo a gbahapụrụ agbahapụ ma wepụ ihe fọdụrụ nke General Drozdovsky na Colonel Tutsevich. E bugara ozu ya na Sevastopol, bụ́ ebe e liri ya na nzuzo na Malakhov Kurgan. Maka nzube nke nzuzo, a na-etinye obe osisi n'elu ili na ihe odide "Colonel M. I. Gordeev" na "Captain Tutsevich". Ebe e liri ya bụ naanị ndị njem Drozdov ise maara. Otu ili ihe atụ nke Drozdovsky dị na ili Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois dị nso na Paris, bụ ebe e wuru akara ncheta.

     “... na-agbakebeghị nke ọma site na nnukwu ọnya, ọ bịakwutere anyị wee bụrụ onye isi ndị ọrụ nke 15th Infantry Division. Ọ dịghịrị m mfe ijere m ozi dị ka onye isi ndụmọdụ n'okpuru ya: na-achọ onwe ya, ọ na-achọ ndị nọ n'okpuru ya, na karịsịa n'aka m, onye inyeaka ya kacha nso. Ndị siri ike, ndị na-enweghị mmekọrịta, ọ kpaliteghị ịhụnanya maka onwe ya, ma ọ kpalitere nkwanye ùgwù: site n'ịdị mma ya dum, site n'ụdị ya nke ọma, ihu mara mma, onye ọchịchị, nnọgidesi ike na ike pụrụ iche.

     Na Don, Mikhail Gordeevich ewetalarị ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ 3,000 ndị a kwadebere nke ọma na ndị agha, ndị agha siri ike. Na ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo dum nke General Denikin na-edu, bụ ndị meriri na agha nke 1st Kuban (Ice) mkpọsa, ọnụ na ụbọchị ahụ ntakịrị ihe karịrị 6,000 bayonets na saber.

General Military White Nche 

     Na May 26 (June 8), 1918, Detachment (Brigade of Russian Volunteers), nke nwere ihe dị ka puku ndị agha atọ, malitere ịbanye n'òtù ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo. May 27 (June 9), 1918, ọ rutere n'obodo nta nke Mechetinskaya. Mgbe emume emume ahụ gasịrị, nke ndị isi nke Dobroarmiya gara (ndị isi Alekseev, Denikin, isi ụlọ ọrụ na akụkụ nke ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo), site na iwu nke 288, a gụnyere Brigade nke ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo nke Russia nke General Staff nke Colonel M. G. Drozdovsky. na Volunteer Army. Ndị isi nke Dobrarmia enweghị ike ịkọwa mkpa ọ dị ịbanye na Drozdovsky brigade - ndị agha ha fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ okpukpu abụọ, ma ha ahụbeghị akụkụ dị otú ahụ dị ka Drozdovsky brigade kpọbatara na ndị agha kemgbe nzukọ ya na njedebe nke 1917.

Site na Romania na mgbasa ozi
na ndị mmadụ ga-abịa na uche ha -

     Mgbe ọ nọrọ ọtụtụ ọnwa n'ụlọ ọgwụ, a họpụtara Drozdovsky na-arụ ọrụ onye isi ndị ọrụ nke 15th Infantry Division na Romanian n'ihu. Dị ka onye kacha nso Mikhail Gordeevich na ọrụ na isi ụlọ ọrụ nke 15th division, Colonel E. E. Messner, bụ onye e mesịrị mara na Kornilov dere, sị:

Isonye na agha Russo-Japanese
Anyanwụ bụ ihe ọhụrụ mgbe ahụ!
Agha Ụwa Mbụ

     Na mbubreyo November - mmalite December 1917, megidere ọchịchọ ya, Colonel Drozdovsky họpụtara onyeisi nke 14th Infantry Division. Mgbe mbata na November 1917 nke Don General nke Infantry MV Alekseev na ihe e kere eke nke Alekseevskaya nzukọ (n'oge na-adịghị ghọrọ Good Army), e guzobere nkwurịta okwu n'etiti ya na isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Romanian Front. N'ihi ya, echiche ahụ bilitere n'ihu Romanian ịmepụta Corps nke ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo nke Russia maka izipu ya na Don. Nzukọ nke ndị dị otú ahụ a detachment na njikọ ọzọ ya na Volunteer Army ghọrọ site n'oge ahụ bụ isi ihe mgbaru ọsọ nke Mikhail Gordeevich.

Iji zọpụta ndị mmadụ,
ọtụtụ abalị enweghị ụra
Drozdovites ji nzọụkwụ siri ike jee ije.

     “Ọnọdụ n'ọgbọ agha m na-akawanye njọ. Ị nwere ike ịdị ndụ nke ọma naanị ma ọ bụrụhaala na ị na-etinye onye ọ bụla n'ime ihe niile, mana enweghị m ike. N'ezie, ọ ga-adị mfe ịhapụ ihe niile, dị mfe, ma emeghị ihe n'eziokwu. Ụnyahụ m gwara otu n'ime ụlọ ọrụ ahụ ọtụtụ eziokwu dị ilu, iwe were ha, iwe. A gwara m na ha chọrọ "ịdọka m ka m kụrie", mgbe ọ zuru oke n'ime akụkụ abụọ hà nhata, ma eleghị anya ị ga-enweta nkeji na-enweghị ụtọ. Gburugburu gị na-ekiri ka ihe kacha mma na-ahapụ na mgba a na-abaghị uru. Oyiyi nke ọnwụ bụ nnapụta niile, ụzọ ọpụpụ chọrọ.”

     Ma, nsọpụrụ nke e nyere site n'iwu nke Volunteer Army Mikhail Gordeevich obere oge tupu ọnwụ ya na-atụ aro na ya n'isi ụlọ ọrụ nwere ike mara na mbụ na Drozdovsky enweghị ọgwụgwọ. N'ụbọchị mmụọ ozi ya na Nọvemba 8 (21), Drozdovsky kwalitere na Major General; Na Nọvemba 25 (December 8), a na-etinye ihe nrite ncheta maka Mgbasa Ozi Iasi-Don site n'usoro pụrụ iche, na-eme ka ncheta nke mgbanwe. Ọ bụ kpọmkwem ọnọdụ ili nke Mikhail Gordeevich nke kpaliri ndị ọrụ-ndị njem na ihe omume a.

     Ka ọ na-erule oge ndị agha m sonyeere ndị agha afọ ofufo, ọnọdụ ya siri ike nke ukwuu - nke a bụ nke onye ọ bụla maara. M wetara banyere 2½ puku ndị mmadụ na m, zuru okè ngwá agha na kwadebere ... Ịtụle bụghị nanị na ọnụ ọgụgụ, ma teknuzu ngwá na onunu nke detachment, anyị nwere ike n'enweghị na-ekwu na ọ bụ hà ka ike nke ndị agha, na ya. mmụọ dị elu nke ukwuu na enwere okwukwe na ihe ịga nke ọma ... Abụghị m onye na-eme ihe n'okpuru uche onye ọzọ, naanị ndị agha Volunteer ji ụgwọ nkwado dị ukwuu nye naanị m ... Site n'aka ndị mmadụ dị iche iche ... enwetara m na-enye ọ bụghị ka sonye n’agha, nke e weere na ọ ga-anwụ, ma dochie ya. Ndị ọrụ m nọ n'ebe ndịda Russia kwadoro nke ọma nke na ọ bụrụ na m anọgidewo na-abụ onyeisi ndị nweere onwe ha, ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo agaraghị enweta ọbụna otu ụzọ n'ụzọ ise nke ndị ọrụ ahụ mechara wụsa na Don ... Ma,

   Na 1929, a na-ede abụ "Site na ndagwurugwu na n'akụkụ ugwu" na egwu nke "March nke Drozdovsky Regiment", ọ bụ ezie na e nwere ihe mere ị ga-eji kwere na ọ dịghị plagiarism na nke a na e dere abụ abụọ dabeere na. egwu egwu ochie nke ndị dinta Far Eastern "Site na ndagwurugwu, tinyere tanning."

O ji usoro agha ya gaa n'ihu.

     A mụrụ Mikhail Drozdovsky na Kyiv, ọnwa abụọ ka e mesịrị, e mere ya baptizim na Kiev-Pechora Church nke Onye Nzọpụta. Mgbe ọ dị afọ 12, ọ hapụrụ na-enweghị nne, nwanne ya nwanyị tọrọ Yulia zụlitere ya. Julia nọchiri nne Mikhail Gordeevich n'ezie. N'oge agha Russo-Japanese, ọ bụ nwanne ebere, na-ekere òkè na mkpọsa, ma nye ya ihe nrite ọlaọcha. Mgbe ndị ọcha na-arụ ọrụ nke Chernigov na October 1919, Yulia a kpọpụrụ n'ebe ndịda, ya na nwanne nwanyị ebere nke Drozdovsky Rejimenti, wee nwụọ na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị na Gris. Nwunye Mikhail Gordeevich bụ Olga Vladimirovna, nee Evdokimova (1883-?), ada nke onye isi ala. Ọ lụrụ Drozdovsky kemgbe 1907, ma ọchịchọ ya ịghọ onye na-eme ihe nkiri, na-ekwekọghị na ọnọdụ nke nwunye nke onye uweojii nke Russian Imperial Army, mere ka esemokwu, na mgbe ahụ ịgba alụkwaghịm.

     Mgbe ọnwụ nke General Drozdovsky nwụsịrị, 2nd Officer Regiment (otu n'ime "acha regiments" nke Volunteer Army) aha ya, mgbe e mesịrị tinye n'ime anọ-regiment Drozdovsky (Rifle General Drozdovsky) nkewa, Drozdovsky ogbunigwe brigade, ndị agha. Drozdovsky engineering ụlọ ọrụ na (na-eme iche iche na nkewa) 2nd Officer Cavalry General Drozdovsky Regiment.

Ọ hụrụ na Nsọ Russia

     Mikhail Gordeevich gosipụtara ikike a, dị ka Colonel E.E. Messner si kwuo, na-ebufe ya isi ụlọ ọrụ nkewa na April 6, 1917, na-achị 60th Zamosc Infantry Regiment nke otu ngalaba ahụ. Nkwekọrịta mgbanwe n'ozuzu egbochighị Drozdovsky ịbụ onye isi ọchịagha nke ndị agha ma n'ọgbọ agha ma n'ọnọdụ ọnọdụ.

Versionsdị banyere ọnwụ Drozdovsky

     N'August 31, 1899, Mikhail banyere ọrụ nke onye na-agụ akwụkwọ na-agụ akwụkwọ na Pavlovsk Military School na St. Ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na ụlọ akwụkwọ na 1901, na ngalaba nke mbụ nke ụdị mbụ; bụ onye mbụ n'ime ndị junkers na mbipụta ahụ. Ebe ọ bụ na 1901 Mikhail Gordeevich jere ozi na Life Guards Volynsky Regiment na Warsaw na ọkwa nke abụọ lieutenant. Site na 1904 ọ bụ onye isi ala. Na 1904 ọ banyere Nikolaev Academy nke General Staff, ma na-amaliteghị ọzụzụ, ọ gara n'ihu nke Russo-Japanese War.

     Drozdovsky merụrụ ahụ n'aka nri n'agha ahụ n'Ugwu Kapul. Na njedebe nke 1916, n'ihi obi ike e gosiri n'agha a, e nyere ya Order of St. George 4th degree ma kwalite ya na colonel.

     N'October 1918, Drozdovsky n'onwe ya duziri counterattack nke 3rd Infantry Division n'oge isi ike agha nso Stavropol. N'October 31 (November 13), o merụrụ obere ahụ n'ụkwụ wee ziga ya n'ụlọ ọgwụ. Na November 1918, a kwalitere Colonel Drozdovsky ka ọ bụrụ Major General. Mgbe a na-agwọ ya na Yekaterinodar, ọnya ya dara, gangrene malitere. Na December 26, 1918 (Jenụwarị 8, 1919), na ọkara amaghị steeti Drozdovsky e zigara n'ụlọọgwụ dị n'obodo Rostov-on-Don, ebe ọ nwụrụ.

     Ruslan Gagkuev na-ede na Drozdovsky nwere ike ịga nke ọma na-azọrọ na ọ nọọrọ onwe ya agha na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ọrụ, nyere size nke mmadụ na ihe onwunwe nke ya brigade nwere na ya ozugbo ka ẹkụre nke Iasi-Don mkpọsa, irè ọrụ nke ya n'oru bureaus na. ngwa ngwa na-eto eto na ọnụ ọgụgụ nke nkwụsị ya.

     The Drozdovsky brigade, na mgbakwunye na obere ogwe aka na 1,000,000 (!) Cartridges, nwere atọ ogbunigwe batrị, ọtụtụ armored ụgbọ ala na ụgbọ elu, ya convoy nke gwongworo na radiotelegraph nkeji.

1905-1914

     Mgbe Major General Drozdovsky nwụsịrị, A.I. Denikin nyere iwu na-agwa ndị agha banyere ọnwụ Mikhail Gordeevich, na-ejedebe na ndị a okwu:

     Ụdị ahụ bụ nke a na-ebo ebubo na Romanovsky nyere onye dọkịta na-ahụ maka ya iwu ka ọ gwọọ ọchịagha ahụ n'ụzọ na-ezighi ezi. Onye mere mpụ ahụ bụ Prọfesọ Plotkin, onye Juu mesoro Mikhail Gordeevich na Yekaterinodar. Mgbe Drozovsky nwụsịrị, ọ dịghị onye jụrụ Plotkin banyere ihe kpatara ọrịa ahụ, ma ọ bụ jụọ banyere akụkọ ahụike ya. N'oge na-adịghị anya mgbe Drozdovsky nwụsịrị, dọkịta ahụ nwetara nnukwu ego ma gbapụ ná mba ọzọ, ebe, dị ka akụkọ ụfọdụ si kwuo, ọ laghachiri Russia n'okpuru Bolshevik. Nke ọ bụla n'ime akwụkwọ ndị e bipụtara akwadoghị ụdị a ma nwee ike jikọta ya na iro izugbe nke ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo na-ahụ maka General Romanovsky. I.P. Romanovsky, ịbụ onye isi ndị ọrụ na enyi nke A.I. Denikin, mere naanị maka ọdịmma nke ọchịagha. Ikekwe onyeisi ndị ọrụ na-atụ egwu mmetụta na-arịwanye elu nke Drozdovsky na ndị agha. ọ tụrụ egwu na ya 'ga-ekpuchi' Denikin na ikike ya na ikike ya, mana mkpochapụ anụ ahụ nke onye ndu agha nwere nkà n'oge oyi nke 1918-1919 abụghị maka ọdịmma Denikin, ma ọ bụ maka ọdịmma nke All-Union Socialist League. . N'ikpeazụ, Romanovsky boro ya ebubo maka njikọ echiche ya na ụwa Zionism, na nnọchi Drozdovsky site n'aka onye aṅụrụma Mai-Maevsky, na mmetụta "obi ọjọọ" na omume nke ọchịagha n'onwe ya n'oge okpomọkụ na n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1919. Ọ ga-ekwe omume na nsụgharị na-ewu ewu nke itinye aka na General nso Denikin na ọnwụ Drozdovsky ghọrọ otu n'ime ihe kpatara e gburu ya na Constantinople na April 5 (18), 1920. N'ikpeazụ, Romanovsky boro ya ebubo maka njikọ echiche ya na ụwa Zionism, na nnọchi Drozdovsky site n'aka onye aṅụrụma Mai-Maevsky, na mmetụta "obi ọjọọ" na omume nke ọchịagha n'onwe ya n'oge okpomọkụ na n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1919. Ọ ga-ekwe omume na nsụgharị na-ewu ewu nke itinye aka na General nso Denikin na ọnwụ Drozdovsky ghọrọ otu n'ime ihe kpatara e gburu ya na Constantinople na April 5 (18), 1920. N'ikpeazụ, Romanovsky boro ya ebubo maka njikọ echiche ya na ụwa Zionism, na nnọchi Drozdovsky site n'aka onye aṅụrụma Mai-Maevsky, na mmetụta "obi ọjọọ" na omume nke ọchịagha n'onwe ya n'oge okpomọkụ na n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1919. Ọ ga-ekwe omume na nsụgharị na-ewu ewu nke itinye aka na General nso Denikin na ọnwụ Drozdovsky ghọrọ otu n'ime ihe kpatara e gburu ya na Constantinople na April 5 (18), 1920.

Inye aka

     Ndị na-ahụ anya nke ihe ndị ahụ na-enye echiche ndị na-emegiderịta onwe ha banyere ihe merenụ, ya mere, ọ gaghị ekwe omume ịme nkwubi okwu na-enweghị isi banyere ma ọnwụ Mikhail Gordeevich bụ n'ihi nkwekọrịta ma ọ bụ ihe mberede na ọnọdụ nke adịghị ọcha na-adị na White South.

Mana ndị dike obi tara mmiri

     Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Academy na May 2, 1908 "maka ọmarịcha mmezu na sayensị" M.G. A kwalitere Drozdovsky ka ọ bụrụ onyeisi ndị ọrụ. Ruo afọ abụọ, ọ gafere ikike iru eru nke ụlọ ọrụ na Volyn Life Guards Regiment. Site na 1910 - onye isi, onye isi ọrụ maka ọrụ na isi ụlọ ọrụ Amur Military District na Harbin, site na Nọvemba 1911 - onye na-enyere aka na isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Warsaw Military District. Na Disemba 6, 1911, e nyere ya Order of St. Anne, klas nke atọ. Natara ikike iyi ihe nrite ọla kọpa "Na ncheta nke 100th Anniversary of Patriotic War nke 1812". Mgbe e mesịrị, Mikhail Gordeevich ga-enwetakwa ikike iyi ihe nrite ọla ọkụ "Na ncheta nke 300th ncheta nke ọchịchị nke Romanov Dynasty."

     Ọchịagha ndị agha, General Denikin, bụ́ onye letara Drozdovsky n'ụlọ ọgwụ obere oge tupu ọ nwụọ, ji ezi obi wute ya banyere ọnwụ ya: “Ahụrụ m otú o si kụsie ike na ezumike mmanye ya, otú o si banye na ọdịmma ndị agha na nkewa ya. wee gbaga na ya ... mgba ahụ were ọnwa abụọ n'etiti ndụ na ọnwụ ... Fate ekweghi ya nkwa iduga ndị agha ya n'agha ọzọ ... "

Tụfuo ibu obi
dị ka dike, o kwenyesiri ike

     Otú ọ dị, n'oge a, Mikhail Gordeevich adịla njikere ịrụ ọrụ nke onwe ya - ọnwa isii ndị ahụ gafere kemgbe mmalite nke ọdịda nke Romanian Front kụziiri ya ịdabere nanị na onwe ya, yana ndị ọrụ ya pụtara ìhè na ntụkwasị obi. . Drozdovsky enweelarị ihe siri ike, na nke kachasị mkpa, ahụmahụ na-aga nke ọma na nhazi na ọrụ ọgụ. Onye agha ahụ maara uru ya ma jiri onwe ya kpọrọ ihe nke ukwuu. Ọ nwetara nkwado zuru oke nke ndị nọ n'okpuru ya bụ ndị mmụọ ọchịchị na-ere, bụ́ ndị ọ ghọrọ akụkọ ifo n'oge ndụ ya. Ya mere, Drozdovsky nwere echiche nke onwe ya na ọtụtụ ihe ma na-ajụkarị mkpa nke ụfọdụ iwu nke isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Good Army.

Na-apụ n'anya kwa ụbọchị.
March nke Drozdovsky Rejimenti na
ha ga-eso anyị n'ime agha.

     Iberibe a bu ụzọ nyocha zuru ezu nke Drozdovsky banyere omume nke ngalaba ya n'oge ọrụ Armavir na mgbasa ozi Kuban nke abụọ. Mikhail Gordeevich kwusiri ike na ọ dịghị mgbe ọ na-eme mkpesa na iwu ahụ banyere ịdị njọ nke ọnọdụ ahụ ma ghara iburu n'uche ịdị elu nke ndị agha Red, Otú ọ dị, "na ọrụ Armavir, ihe dị iche iche ...". Drozdovsky na-adọta uche Denikin na àgwà enweghị isi nke isi ụlọ ọrụ Romanovsky na-eduzi na ngalaba ya, ọrụ na-adịghị mma nke ọrụ ahụike na azụ. N'ezie, Drozdovsky, na akụkọ, chetaara Denikin maka uru ya ma kwupụta na ọ na-ekwu na ọ ga-edozi ọrụ agha n'onwe ya.

Ụzọ dị anya adịghị atụ egwu!

     "... Elu enweghị mmasị, nraranye n'echiche ahụ, nlelị zuru oke maka ihe ize ndụ n'ihe metụtara onwe ya, jikọtara ya na ezi nchegbu maka ndị nọ n'okpuru ya, bụ ndị ọ na-etinye ndụ ya mgbe niile karịa nke ya. Udo diri ntu gi, onye agha n'enweghi egwu ma obu ita-uju.

     Na July-August 1918, 3rd Infantry Division nke Drozdovsky so na agha nke mere ka e weghara Yekaterinodar. Na Septemba, ndị Drozdovites weghaara Armavir, ma n'okpuru nrụgide nke ndị agha Red ka elu, a manyere ha ịhapụ ya.

     Na 1904-1905 Drozdovsky jere ozi na 34th East Siberian Regiment dị ka akụkụ nke 1st Siberian Corps nke 2nd Manchurian Army. O mere onwe ya n'agha ya na ndị Japan na-alụ site na January 12 ruo 16, 1905 na nso obodo Heigoutai na Bezymyannaya (Semapu), nke, site n'iwu nke ndị agha nke 2 Manchurian Army No. 87 na 91, e nyere ya Order nke St. Anne 4th degrees na e dere "Maka obi ike" . N'ọgụ dị nso n'obodo nta ahụ, Semapu merụrụ ahụ n'apata ụkwụ, ma kemgbe March 18 ọ nyere iwu otu ụlọ ọrụ. N'October 30, 1905, maka ikere òkè na agha ahụ, e nyere ya Order of St. Stanislav, 3rd degrees na mma agha na ụta, na ndabere nke iwu Nke 41 na 139 nke Ngalaba Agha, ọ natara ikike. na-eyi ihe nrite ọla kọpa na ụta "Na ebe nchekwa nke agha Russia-Japanese nke 1904-1905.

     Drozdovite a ma ama, bụ́ Ọchịagha A.V. Turkul, mesịrị dee, sị: “E nwere akụkọ dị iche iche banyere ọnwụ Ọchịagha Drozdovsky. Ọnya ya dị mfe, ọ bụghị ihe ize ndụ. Na mbụ, ọ dịghị ihe ịrịba ama nke ọrịa. Achọpụtara ọrịa ahụ mgbe otu dọkịta malitere ịgwọ Drozdovsky na Yekaterinodar, bụ onye kwụsịrị. Ma ọ bụkwa eziokwu na n'oge ahụ na Yekaterinodar, ha na-ekwu, ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị antiseptik, ọbụna ayodiin ... "

     General Denikin mechara kwuo na e dere akụkọ Drozdovsky n'olu na-adịghị mma nke na ọ rịọrọ "mmebi ọhụrụ" megide onye dere ya. "Repression" ga-eduga naanị na ọpụpụ nke Drozdovsky na nkewa ya na Volunteer Army. N'ihi ya, Denikin dị ala karịa Drozdovsky, na-ahapụ akụkọ ahụ na-enweghị nsonaazụ. Dị ka Denikin si kwuo, ọ bụ I.P. Romanovsky mere ihe niile o nwere ike ime iji "wepụ" esemokwu dị n'etiti onyeisi ndị agha na-achọsi ike na onyeisi ndị isi. Ọ bụ ya gwara Denikin ka ọ "gbaghara" Drozdovsky akụkọ ọjọọ ya. Ọpụpụ nke otu dum nkewa na ndị dị otú ahụ a siri ike oge maka Good Army bụ kpamkpam anabataghị, na ọha asịrị nke Drozdovsky chọrọ nwere ike na-eduga ná ọdịda na ikike nke ọchịagha na nkewa na dum White ije na South Russia.

O kwere: oge ​​ga-abịa

Dabere na ihe sitere na White Guard, mmegharị akwụkwọ nke Elena Shirokova

M.G. Drozdovsky

Ndị agha Drozdovsky dị ebube nọ na-eje ije.

     “Mwakpo a bụ n'ụdị mwakpo ngwa ngwa na enweghị mgbochi. Ma mgbe agbụ ndị na-aga n'ihu, n'okpuru nduzi nke ọkụ na-egbu egbu na nso nso, kpagbuo, dina n'ihu waya, Lieutenant Colonel Drozdovsky, na-enye iwu ọhụrụ idobere ka e zigara iji nyere aka, welie agbụ ndị ụgha, na mkpu ákwá. “Gawa n’ihu, ụmụnna!”, ji isi efu, gbaga n’ihu ndị mwakpo ahụ.

Ezinụlọ, nwata
Na, dị ka kandụl wax,

     Nchụpụ nke Eze Nicholas nke Abụọ nwere mmetụta siri nnọọ ike n'ahụ Mikhail Gordeevich, bụ́ onye ọchịchị aka ike. Ọ megidere nnyonye anya nke kọmitii ndị agha na iwu ọrụ nke ndị ọrụ iwu. Mmegwara ndị agha a na-ejighị n'aka megide ndị uwe ojii, bụ́ nke weere ọnọdụ ọbụna n'ihu ndị Romania kasị baa ọgaranya, nwekwara mmetụta na-akụda mmụọ. Na njedebe nke April 1917, Mikhail Gordeevich dere n'akwụkwọ akụkọ ya:

Ndị iro ahụ gbapụrụ n’ihi nrụgide.

     "... N'agbanyeghị ọrụ pụrụ iche nke akara aka nyere m ka m rụọ ọrụ na revival nke Volunteer Army, na ikekwe na-azọpụta ya site na ịnwụ, n'agbanyeghị ọrụ m na ya, onye bịara gị bụghị dị ka a obi umeala arịrịọ maka ebe ma ọ bụ nchebe, ma onye kpọtaara m onye kwesịrị ntụkwasị obi m nnukwu ndị agha, ị kwụsịghị n'ịba mba ọha na eze, na-enweghị ọbụna nyochaa ihe kpatara mkpebi m, egbughị oge ịkparị onye nyere ike ya niile, ike ya niile na mkparị ya. ihe ọmụma na-akpata na-azọpụta ndị Motherland, na karịsịa, ndị agha nyefere gị. Ọ dịghị mkpa ka m na-awụ akpata oyi n’ahụ́ maka ịba mba a, n’ihi na ndị agha nile maara ihe m mere iji merie ya. Maka Colonel Drozdovsky e nwere ebe nsọpụrụ ebe ọ bụla ha na-alụ ọgụ maka ọdịmma Russia.

     Mgbe ihe omume October na Petrograd - njide nke ike nke Bolsheviks na bịanyere aka n'akwụkwọ nkwado Russia nke ihere na mbibi Brest Peace Treaty maka ya - ndị agha Russia dara kpamkpam. Mikhail Gordeevich, ebe ọ hụrụ na ọ gaghị ekwe omume ịnọgide na-eje ozi n'ọnọdụ ndị dị otú ahụ, malitere ịdabere n'ịga n'ihu na mgba n'ụdị dị iche.

Ka anyị laghachi isi awọ

     March 11, 1918 malitere mkpọsa nke otu ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo nke M.G. Drozdovsky na Don. Mgbasa ozi a gbadara na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke White ije n'okpuru aha "mkpọsa Drozdovsky". A na-akpọkwa ya mkpọsa Romanian ma ọ bụ " mkpọsa Yasi-Don ".

General Drozdovsky ji nkwuwa okwu

Okwu P. Batorin

     Mgbe ndị ọrụ afọ ofufo na-ahazi na June 1918, Colonel Drozdovsky's detachment hiwere 3rd Infantry Division ma sonye na agha niile nke Kuban nke abụọ, n'ihi nke Kuban na dum North Caucasus na-eji ndị ọcha. M. G. Drozdovsky ghọrọ onye isi ya, na otu n'ime ọnọdụ maka ntinye nke Detachment ya n'ime ndị agha bụ nkwa nke enweghị ike iwepụ ya dị ka ọchịagha nke ngalaba Drozdov.

     O doro anya na Ataman Pyotr Krasnov, bụ onye na-eduzi All-Great Don Army n'otu ụbọchị May nke 1918, chọrọ ịhụ Drozdovites na nrubeisi ya, na-enye Mikhail Gordeevich na ndị ya ka ha ghọọ "Don Foot Guards". Ma maka Drozdovsky, echiche ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke ataman, bụ onye gbalịrị ịmepụta obodo nweere onwe ya na Don na nke a adịghị anabata njikọ aka na ndị Germany. Drozdovsky, onye ọchịchị na onye ọchịchị site n'ikpe, weere brigade ya dị ka akụkụ nke ndị agha Russia, bụ ndị nọgidere na-ebuso Germany agha. Ọ chọghị isonye na ịdọpụ obodo ahụ n'ime ọdịnihu, ya mere, o duuru ndị ya gaa n'ógbè Mechetinskaya na Yegorlykskaya, ebe ndị agha Volunteer, bụ ndị siri n'agha ndị siri ike pụta. nọ na-enweta ume.

Na ọ ga-azọpụta Motherland!

     Ọ dị mkpa iburu n'obi na Drozdovsky, mgbe emechara mgbasa ozi Romanian site na Detachment na mbata ya na Don, nọ n'ọnọdụ ebe ọ nwere ike ịhọrọ ụzọ nke ya n'ọdịnihu: sonyere ndị agha Volunteer nke Denikin na Romanovsky, nabata ndụmọdụ nke na Don ataman Krasnov, ma ọ bụ bụrụ ike zuru oke na nnwere onwe. Banyere nke a, Mikhail Gordeevich mgbe e mesịrị, ozugbo ozugbo n'oge esemokwu ya na Chief of Staff nke Dobroarmiya, General Romanovsky, ga-edegara onye isi ọchịagha, General Denikin akwụkwọ ozugbo:

 
         


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