Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri, St. Petersburg - akụkọ ihe mere eme, adreesị, njem nleta, foto

Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri, St. Petersburg - akụkọ ihe mere eme, adreesị, njem nleta, foto

Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky dị nso na ihe ndị a

 

Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky

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Ebe ọ bụ na 1918, Imperial Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri a ghọọ State Maly Opera House. Ndị na-egwu egwu pụtara ìhè, ihe osise opera na nka ballet kwadoro ma mepụta omenala ihe nkiri dị elu n'ime mgbidi ya. Ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ na-aghọ "ụlọ nyocha maka ịmepụta opera Soviet." The operas The imi na Lady Macbeth nke Mtsensk District site Dmitri Shostakovich e mere maka oge mbụ na ya ogbo, ọhụrụ The Queen of Spades mebere Vsevolod Meyerhold hụrụ ìhè nke ụbọchị, na ụwa premiere nke Sergei Prokofiev opera War na Udo mere ebe a. Ọ bụ onye na-agba egwú na onye na-agụ egwú Fyodor Lopukhov bụ onye na-agba egwú na-eduzi ma na-eduzi ìgwè ndị ballet, bụ ndị nọchiri ya bụ Igor Belsky, Oleg Vinogradov, Nikolai Boyarchikov.

N'afọ 2001, Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky nwetaghachiri aha akụkọ ihe mere eme, na 2007 - ebube nke ihe nkiri egwu egwu kachasị na St. Petersburg. Taa, ihe nkiri ahụ, na-anọgide na-ekwesị ntụkwasị obi na ọdịnala ochie nke ihe nkiri egwu Russia, na-agbalịsi ike na-agbaso usoro ihe nkiri ụwa nke oge a.

 

Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri: gịnị na-esote?

Ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ nwere ihe ngosi pụrụ iche nke nwere ike iji tụnyere nchịkọta ọla. Ụfọdụ n'ime ballet oge gboo a ma ama na-abịa na nsụgharị na-egosighi na ọkwa ọ bụla ọzọ. Ndị a, dịka ọmụmaatụ, "Swan Lake" - ihe a na-akpọ "ochie Moscow" mmepụta, arụmọrụ nke Alexander Gorsky - Asaf Messerer deziri Mikhail Messerer, "Giselle" deziri Nikita Dolgushin, "Le Corsaire" deziri Konstantin Sergeev. , "Laurencia" choreography nke Vakhtang Chabukiani, ọkụ nke Paris, choreography nke Vasily Vainonen. Isiakwụkwọ dị iche na repertoire ballet bụ ọrụ choreographic nke onye ama ama Spanish maestro Nacho Duato dere. Na mkpokọta, o mere ihe karịrị 10 ballet na Mikhailovsky Theatre, bụ ebe ọ na-edu ballet troupe maka 3 oge. N'ime ha bụ Romeo na Juliet zuru oke, Versatility. Ụdị nke ịgbachi nkịtị na ihe efu,

Ihe ngosi operatic na-enye akụkụ obe na-adọrọ mmasị nke ụwa na egwu egwu Russia. Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky na-arụkọ ọrụ ọnụ na ihe nkiri opera Russia kpochapụrụ dị ka The Queen of Spades na nsụgharị radical site n'aka ndị nduzi ọgbara ọhụrụ, dị ka Andriy Zholdak's Eugene Onegin, Golden Mask's Opera Performance kacha mma. Ọdịda Anyanwụ klaasị na-anọchi anya operas Love Potion, La Traviata, Pagliacci, Rural Honor, Tosca, La bohème, Manon Lescaut, The Flying Dutchman, Dvořák's Mermaid na ndị ọzọ.

Ebe nke Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri ihe na mmekọrịta

E meghere ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky na 1833 site n'iwu nke Emperor Nicholas nke Mbụ ma bụrụ otu n'ime ihe nkiri ndị eze ukwu nwere ihe ùgwù. Ọ bụ Alexander Bryullov mere ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ, a na-emepụta facades dị ka eserese nke Carl Rossi. Ụlọ ihe nkiri a sitere na Grand Duke Michael, nwanne Emperor. Na mbụ, e bu n'obi ime ihe nkiri ahụ maka ezinụlọ eze ukwu, ụlọ ikpe na ndị enyi ya, na ọbụna mgbe e meghere ya ọha na eze, ọ nọgidere na-enwe ọnọdụ ọha mmadụ dị elu.

Ndị otu French na German na-eme ihe ngosi na ogbo nke Mikhailovsky, ndị ama ama na-eme egwuregwu ọbịa. N'ebe a, eze waltz bụ Johann Strauss ji operetta The Gypsy Baron mechie oge 30 St. Petersburg ya. Nnukwu Fyodor Chaliapin bụrụ abụ ma mee ihe ngosi na ogbo nke ihe nkiri ahụ.

Foto: Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri

Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky bụ ụlọ ihe nkiri egwu ama ama, ezigbo nkume nke St. Petersburg. N'ebe a, a na-ejikọta ọdịnala oge gboo na mmụọ nke ihe ọhụrụ na nchụso ihe okike nwere obi ike. Ihe ngosi Opera na ballet na ogbo nke ụlọ ihe nkiri ga-ewetara ndị na-ahụ maka nka dị elu obi ụtọ.

Ka oge na-aga, ọ bụghị ndị nduzi ihe nkiri, ma ndị nduzi a ma ama malitere ịrụ ọrụ na-abawanye na ụlọ ihe nkiri: Boris Khaikin, Kirill Kondrashin, Eduard Grikurov, Yuri Temirkanov, Kurt Sanderling.

Ụlọ ihe nkiri na n'obí, na-ebu aha Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich, mechara bụrụ nke siri ike jikọtara na nkà ọma. N'afọ 1859, onye na-ese ụkpụrụ ụlọ Albert Kavos, bụ onye a kara aka na ọ ga-elekọta ụlọ ihe nkiri egwu nke obodo ahụ, wughachiri ụlọ ahụ, gbasaa ogbo ma wuo ụlọ n'elu ọkwa n'ime ụlọ mgbakọ: ụlọ ihe nkiri na-aghọwanye ewu ewu. Ọ bụ n'oge nhazigharị a ka elu ụlọ nke onye na-ese ihe Ịtali bụ Giovanni Busatto pụtara na Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky "Mmeri nke Enlightenment and Sciences over the Dark Forces of Ignorance".

N'afọ 2001, aha mbụ, tupu mgbanwe mgbanwe na-apụta site na omimi nke oge. Ebe ọ bụ na 2007, akụkọ ihe mere eme aha - Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri - alaghachila n'ihu na na ukara aha na-agbakwunyere na nke dị kemgbe 1991: St. Petersburg State Academic Opera na Ballet Ụlọ ihe nkiri. M.P. Mussorgsky - Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri.

Mgbe 1917 gasịrị, akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ihe nkiri ahụ bịara dị ịrịba ama, ma ọ dịghị obere ihe omume. Mgbe mgbanwe ahụ gasịrị, a manyere ndị na-eme ihe nkiri si mba ọzọ ịhapụ obodo ahụ, ajụjụ nke ịmepụta ìgwè nke ha dị njọ maka Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky.

Ụlọ ihe ngosi nka dị na ala nke abụọ.
Ụlọ ihe ngosi nka nke Mikhailovsky Theatre bụ ebe akụkọ ihe mere eme nke afọ 180 kasị baa ọgaranya na-egosi na ihe ngosi na-egosipụta ihe omume kachasị mkpa nke otu egwu egwu kacha ochie n'obodo ahụ. Mpempe akwụkwọ ozi pụrụ iche, eserese nke ihe ngosi na ejiji nke ndị na-ese ihe nkiri kacha mma kere, ihe osise na-egosi ihu ndị kpebisiri ike na ihe ịga nke ọma nke ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ n'oge gara aga, foto ndị na-enweghị ọnụ ahịa nke na-echekwa mgbatị ahụ na-adọrọ mmasị na oge ogbo, uwe na-egbuke egbuke na ụdị onye edemede na-enye ndị ọbịa ohere. nweta echiche nke ihe omume ụlọ ihe nkiri.

Obodo St. Petersburg dum, gụnyere ụlọikpe na ezinụlọ eze, bịara na ihe nkiri ahụ. Ndị agha France na ndị Jamanị rụrụ n'ọgbọ egwuregwu ahụ, maestro Johann Strauss guzoro ihe karịrị otu ugboro n'ebe a na-adọkpụ onye nduzi.
N'afọ 1989, a na-akpọ ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ mgbe ọ dị umeala n'obi Petrovich Mussorgsky, na Russian oge ochie weere ọrụ na-eduga na ogbo: Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov na Khovanshchina, Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin na Queen of Spades, The Golden Cockerel na The Tale of the Tsar Saltan" Rimsky-Korsakov, "Prince Igor" nke Borodin dere.

Akụkọ

Akụkọ mara mma nke Mikhailovsky Theatre malitere site na nhọrọ nke onye na-ese ụkpụrụ ụlọ ahụ. Onye na-ahụ maka nkà, Alexander Bryullov wuru ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ, na-adaba ya n'ime ụlọ ọrụ nke Arts Square, ya mere, Carl Rossi mere facades nke ihe nkiri ahụ ka ọ bụrụ "rhyme" na ụlọ nke Mikhailovsky Palace. Bryullov kere igbe anwansi: eziokwu ahụ bụ na ụlọ ihe nkiri zoro ezo n'azụ facade dị mma nwere ike ịkọ n'elu ụlọ, ebe a na-ahụ igbe dị elu n'azụ dome n'elu ụlọ mgbakọ ahụ. Ihe niile mara mma nke ụlọ ihe nkiri nke alaeze ukwu dị n'ime: ọlaọcha na velvet, enyo na kristal, eserese na stucco. Na November 8, 1833, ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ meghere ụzọ ya nye ndị na-ekiri ihe mbụ.

Na Machị 6, 1918, ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ mepere oge ọhụrụ dị ka ụlọ opera steeti nke abụọ na Petrograd; na 1920 a na-akpọ ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ State Academic Theatre of Comic Opera; N'afọ 1921, a kpọgharịrị ya Ụlọ ihe nkiri Maly Academic Theatre, na 1926, a kpọgharịrị ya Leningrad Academic Maly Opera Theatre (MALEGOT). Na n'agbanyeghị ọdịnihu siri ike na afọ ndị a, ihe nkiri ahụ nọgidere na ọnụ ọgụgụ kasị elu nke ndụ obodo. N'afọ ndị 1930, onye na-agba egwú na onye na-agụ egwú bụ Fyodor Lopukhov na-eduzi ndị òtù ballet. N'otu oge ahụ, ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ na-aghọ ụdị "ụlọ nyocha maka ịmepụta opera Soviet." The operas The imi na Lady Macbeth nke Mtsensk District nke Dmitri Shostakovich, na ọhụrụ Queen nke Spades site Vsevolod Meyerhold e mere maka oge mbụ na ya ogbo. Mgbe agha ahụ gasịrị, Maly Opera na Ballet Theatre nọgidere na-arụkọ ọrụ na ndị na-ede egwú n'oge a.

N'ime afọ dị iche iche nke narị afọ nke 20, ọtụtụ ndị na-eme ememme n'ụwa na-arụ ọrụ na ihe nkiri, dị ka ihe atụ, Eduard Grikunov, Daniil Pokhitonov, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Boris Zon na ndị ọzọ a ma ama conductors na director.

Ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ dị na mpaghara etiti obodo - na Arts Square. N'akụkụ ya bụ Obí Mikhailovsky, Musical Comedy Theatre, Russian Ethnographic Museum, Great Philharmonic Hall na Europa Hotel.

Iche iche, a na-egosipụta akụkọ ihe mere eme nke afọ 180 nke ihe nkiri ahụ na foto. Na ha, ndị ọbịa nwere ike ịhụ usoro mmegharị ahụ na ihe na-eme n'azụ ihe nkiri. Ndị na-emepụta ihe ngosi ahụ ahọrọla foto kachasị mma nke nwere ike ịmasị ọ bụghị naanị ndị na-ahụ maka nkà, kamakwa ndị na-ekiri ndị nkịtị.

Akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri

Na 2011, Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri ghọrọ a laureate nke Russian Golden Mask award. N'afọ 2013, ndị na-eme ihe nkiri nwetara ihe nrite dị ka "Ụlọ ọrụ International Best" site na British Critics Circle. N'afọ sochirinụ, a na-enye ndị na-eme ihe nkiri na ndị nduzi ọzọ onyinye Golden Mask Award.

Ebe ọ bụ na 2009, Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri ahazila asọmpi ballet iji chọta talent na-eto eto ma kpọọ Mikhailovsky Theatre Grand Prix.

Ọkwa nke abụọ nke ụlọ ahụ dị n'ụlọ ngosi ihe mgbe ochie, nke nwere ihe ngosi sitere na ọkwa dị iche iche nke ihe omume ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ. N'ebe a, ị nwere ike ịhụ akwụkwọ mmado, sket nke ejiji na ihe osise mara mma. Ụlọ ihe ngosi nka nwere ihe osise na-egosi ihe osise kachasị ama nke Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky.

Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky akwụsịbeghị iju ndị na-ege ya ntị anya ruo narị afọ abụọ. Ọ bụ ngosipụta nke nkwekọ n'etiti nka oge gboo na nke ọgbara ọhụrụ. Na ihe ngosi nka nke ahaziri n'ime ụlọ ahụ ga-ewebata gị akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ihe nkiri a dị ịtụnanya na ọrụ okike ya.

N'oge ọrụ ya, ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ gbanwere aha ya ọtụtụ oge. A kpọgharịrị ya aha Maly Opera na Ballet Theatre, Petersburg na Leningrad Theatre. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, n'otu oge Mikhailovsky Theatre nwere aha nnukwu onye na-ede egwú Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky.

Tupu e wughachi ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ, ndị ọbịa na-eme egwuregwu na ya. Ọ bụ tumadi ìgwè nke Alexandrinsky Theatre, yana ndị ọbịa si France na Germany. Mgbe 1859, Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri nwere a na-adịgide adịgide okike otu. Ndị na-eme ihe nkiri si France, ya mere ihe nkiri a na-abụkarị French operettas. Ugbua na narị afọ nke 20, ụlọ ihe nkiri hiwere otu nke ya.

N'afọ 2013, ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ jiri teknụzụ 3D mee emume ncheta afọ 180 ya. Kpakpando ihe nkiri na ndị na-ese ihe nkiri rụrụ na ngalaba gọọmentị, Sergey Shnurov na ndị otu Leningrad ghọrọ onye isi nke nnọkọ ahụ.

Onye nchoputa nke Mikhailovsky Theatre bụ Nicholas I. Dị ka echiche ya si kwuo, ụlọ ọrụ ahụ kwesịrị ijere nanị ezinụlọ eze ukwu na ndị enyi ya ozi, ma ka oge na-aga, ọnụ ụzọ ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ meghere ndị na-ekiri nkịtị.

N'afọ 1859, a gbanwere ụlọ ahụ dịka nhazi nke Albert Katerinovich Kavos, bụ onye ọkachamara na-ewu ụlọ ihe nkiri. Ekele dịrị ya, a gbasaa ọkwa ahụ, ụlọ mgbakọ ahụ wee nweta ọkwa ọzọ. E ji plafond, stucco na ihe ọkpụkpụ chọọ ime ụlọ ahụ mma.

Museum na Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri

Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky ahụla ọtụtụ ihe omume. Otu n'ime ha bụ ogbugbu Alexander II, bụ nke mere n'ebe na-adịghị anya site na ụlọ ahụ. Dị ka otu n'ime akụkọ mgbe ochie si kwuo, a na-esochi eze ukwu ugboro ugboro, n'ihi ya, a chọpụtara na, na-agafe n'ebe a na-eme ihe nkiri, onye ọkwọ ụgbọ ala na-amanye ịnyịnya ndị ahụ mgbe niile. Ndị òtù "Narodnaya Volya" jiri nke a mee ihe, na-eme mgbalị na ndụ Alexander II.

Emeghe ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ na 1833. Ruo afọ 20, ndị ọbịa ya bụ naanị eze ukwu na ezinụlọ ya na ndị kacha nso. N'ebe a, Nicholas M kpọrọ ndị ọbịa a ma ama ka ha nwee ekele maka ọkwa dị elu nke omenala Russia.

saịtị gọọmentị: 

https://i2.wp.com/i2.wp.com/www.mikhailovsky.ru

Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky n'ụzọ ziri ezi na-ebu aha nke pearl omenala nke isi obodo Northern. Na ọkwa ya, ndị nduzi nwere nkà na-atụgharị arụmọrụ ọ bụla n'ime arụmọrụ agaghị echefu echefu. Ihe ngosi nke ihe nkiri egwu gụnyere ma opera oge gboo na mmepụta ballet, yana ihe ngosi ọgbara ọhụrụ n'ụdị ụlọ nka.

Iri asatọ nke narị afọ nke XX ghọrọ oge ịlaghachi na oge ochie nke Russia maka ihe nkiri. A na-eme operas "Boris Godunov", "Eugene Onegin", "Queen of Spades" ebe a. Ọrụ dị egwu nke Pushkin "The Tale of Tsar Saltan" na "The Golden Cockerel" ahụkwara ihe ngosi ha na ogbo ahụ.

Onye na-ese ụkpụrụ ụlọ ọrụ ahụ bụ Alexander Bryullov, prọfesọ nke ụkpụrụ ụlọ na Imperial Academy of Arts. A họọrọ Carl Rossi, bụ onye nwere aka n'ịrụ ọtụtụ ụlọ akụkọ ihe mere eme na St. Petersburg dị ka onye mmepụta.

Ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ nwetara aha ya na-asọpụrụ nwanne Emperor nke obere, Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich. Ọ bụ onye a ma ama maka àgwà ọma ya, ịkpa ọchị na ọrụ ebere ya. Onye isi ahụ enweghị mmasị n'ọrụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ya. N'okwu a, nwunye ya Elena Pavlovna na-akọcha di ya mgbe mgbe ma kpọọ ya ohu nwanne ya.

Na 1920, Mikhailovsky Ụlọ ihe nkiri nwetara ọnọdụ nke agụmakwụkwọ ihe nkiri. Onye isi nke ihe okike bụ Samuil Samosud, onye na 1937 natara aha nke ndị mmadụ Artist nke USSR. Na ọkara mbụ. Ụlọ ihe nkiri nke narị afọ nke iri abụọ na-emepụta ọtụtụ ihe ngosi dị egwu. Ndị a bụ operas The Nose, Lady Macbeth nke Mtsensk District na Agha na Udo.

Ụlọ ihe nkiri Mikhailovsky bụ otu n'ime ụlọ ihe nkiri atọ nke ụlọikpe ukwu. Ọ bụ ya bụ onye ikpeazụ nwere ìgwè nke ya. Ihe mejupụtara nke ihe nkiri nke alaeze na-agụnye Mariinsky na Alexandrovskaya.


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